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Black-backed or Rufous-backed Kingfisher

Ceyx [erithaca or rufidorsa] (= Ceyx erithaca) (Linnaeus, C 1758)

The oriental dwarf kingfisher, also known as the black-backed kingfisher or three-toed kingfisher, is a pocket-sized bird in the family Alcedinidae. This tropical kingfisher is a partial migrant that is endemic across much of the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It resides in lowland forests, typically near streams or ponds, where it feeds upon insects, spiders, worms, crabs, fish, frogs, and lizards. This small bird is easily distinguishable from other birds in its range due to its red bill, yellow-orange underparts, lilac-rufous upperparts, and blue-black back. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Coraciiformes
Family:
  Alcedinidae
Genus:
   Ceyx
Scientific:
  Ceyx erithaca


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, C 1758)

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.115

Protonym:
  Alcedo erithaca

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727020


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  318C3891D73ECF21

Avibase ID:
  avibase-318C3891

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/318C3891


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 692714

Geographic range:

  • Ceyx erithaca erithaca: resident in southwestern India and Sri Lanka; breeds from Bhutan and northeastern India to southeastern China, Indochina, and the northern Thai-Malay Peninsula (south to the Isthmus of Kra), this population partially migratory, wintering to the southern Thai-Malay Peninsula and Sumatra
  • Ceyx erithaca macrocarus: southern Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands
  • Ceyx rufidorsa rufidorsa: Thai-Malay Peninsula, Greater and Lesser Sundas to w Philippines
  • Ceyx rufidorsa motleyi: Borneo and adjacent northern offshore islands
  • Ceyx rufidorsa capta: Nias I. (off nw Sumatra)
  • Ceyx rufidorsa jungei: Batu I. and Simeulue I. (off nw Sumatra)
  • Show more...
English:
Black-backed or Rufous-backed Kingfisher
German:
Dschungel-/Rotrücken-Zwergfischer
Spanish:
Martín Pigmeo Dorsinegro/Herrumbroso
Spanish (Spain):
Martín pigmeo dorsinegro/herrumbroso
French:
Martin-pêcheur pourpré ou M.-p. à dos roux
Japanese (romaji):
mitsuyubikawasemi/seakamitsuyubikawasemi
Japanese:
ミツユビカワセミ/セアカミツユビカワセミ
Dutch:
Jungledwergijsvogel/Ceyx rufidorsa
Norwegian:
orientisfugl/rødryggisfugl
Polish:
zimorodek orientalny/rdzawogrzbiety
Slovak:
rybárik džungľový/hrdzavochrbtý
Swedish:
orientkungsfiskare/rostryggig dvärgkungsfiskare
Chinese (Traditional):
黑背/赤背三趾翠鳥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black-backed or Rufous-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx [erithaca or rufidorsa])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black-backed or Rufous-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx [erithaca or rufidorsa])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black-backed or Rufous-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx [erithaca or rufidorsa])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black-backed or Rufous-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx [erithaca or rufidorsa])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black-backed or Rufous-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx [erithaca or rufidorsa])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black-backed or Rufous-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx [erithaca or rufidorsa])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black-backed or Rufous-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx [erithaca or rufidorsa])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black-backed or Rufous-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx [erithaca or rufidorsa])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black-backed or Rufous-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx [erithaca or rufidorsa])
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Martin-pêcheur pourpré ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Black-backed/Rufous-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca/rufidorsa)
eBird version 2016:
Black-backed/Rufous-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca/rufidorsa)
eBird version 2017:
Black-backed/Rufous-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca/rufidorsa)
eBird version 2018:
Black-backed/Rufous-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca/rufidorsa)
eBird version 2019:
Black-backed/Rufous-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca/rufidorsa)
eBird version 2021:
Black-backed/Rufous-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca/rufidorsa)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Three-toed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Three-toed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Ceyx erithaca [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Ceyx erithaca [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Bengali: উদয়ী বামনরাঙা
Catalan: Blauet pigmeu de dors vermell
Czech: Lednácek džunglový, ledňáček džunglový
Danish: Orientalsk Dværgisfugl
German: Dschungel-/Rotrücken-Zwergfischer, Dschungelfischer, Dschungelzwergfischer
English: Black-backed Kingfisher, Black-backed or Rufous-backed Kingfisher, Black-backed/Rufous-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher, Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher, Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher, Rufous-backed Kingfisher, Three-toed Kingfisher
English (Bangladesh): Oriental Dwarf-Kingfisher (Black-backed/Rufous-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher)
English, HBW: Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher
English (IOC): Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher
English (Philippines): Black-backed/Rufous-backed (Oriental) Dwarf Kingfisher
English (United States): Black-backed/Rufous-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher
Esperanto: Nigradorsa alciono
Spanish: Martín Pigmeo Dorsinegro/Herrumbroso, Martín Pigmeo Oriental
Spanish (Spain): Martín pigmeo dorsinegro/herrumbroso, Martín pigmeo oriental (erithaca/rufidorsa)
Spanish (HBW): Black-backed/Rufous-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher
Estonian: ritsika-jäälind
Finnish: Kolmivarvaskalastaja
French: Martin-pêcheur pourpré, Martin-pêcheur pourpré ou M.-p. à dos roux
Croatian: ružičastoglavi vodomar
Hungarian: vörhenyes jégmadár
Indonesian: Burung Udang Api, Raja udang kuku tiga, Udang Api
Italian: Martin pescatore dorsonero
Japanese (romaji): mitsu-yubi kawa-semi, mitsuyubikawasemi, mitsuyubikawasemi/seakamitsuyubikawasemi
Japanese: ミツユビカワセミ, ミツユビカワセミ/セアカミツユビカワセミ
Japanese (Kanji): 三つ趾川蝉, 三つ趾翡翠, 三つ趾魚狗
Scientific: Alcedo erithaca, Ceyx [erithaca or rufidorsa], Ceyx erithaca, Ceyx erithaca erithaca, Ceyx erithaca motleyi, Ceyx erithaca/rufidorsa, Ceyx erithacus, Ceyx erithacus motleyi, Ceyx rufidorsa
Lithuanian: Tripirštis miškinis tulžys
Malay: Burung Pekaka Api, Burung Pekaka Rimba, Burung Pekaka Sepah, Pekaka Api
Dutch: Jungledwergijsvogel, Jungle-dwergijsvogel, Jungledwergijsvogel/Ceyx rufidorsa
Norwegian: Orientisfugl, orientisfugl/rødryggisfugl
Polish: zimorodek orientalny, zimorodek orientalny/rdzawogrzbiety
Pinyin: sān-zhǐ cuì-niǎo, xiǎo huáng yú-gǒu
Portuguese: martim-pigmeu-oriental
Portuguese (Portugal): guarda-rios-pigmeu-oriental/guarda-rios-pigmeu-de-dorso-ruivo
Russian: Трёхпалый лесной зимородок
Slovak: rybárik džunglový, rybárik džungľový, rybárik džungľový/hrdzavochrbtý
Slovenian: triprsti vodomec
Serbian: Crnoleđi patuljasti vodomar
Swedish: Orientalisk dvärgkungsfiskare, orientkungsfiskare, orientkungsfiskare/rostryggig dvärgkungsfiskare
Tamil: Chinna Meenkothi
Thai: นกกระเต็นน้อยสามนิ้ว, นกกระเต็นน้อยหลังดำ, นกกะเต็นน้อยสามนิ้ว, นกกะเต็นน้อยสามนิ้วหลังแดง, นกกะเต็นน้อยสามนิ้วหลังดำ, นกกะเต็นน้อยหลังดำ
Thai (Transliteration): nók kà-ten nóaay lăŋ-dam, nók kà-ten nóaay săam-níw, nók kà-ten nóaay săam-níw lăŋ-daeeŋ, nók kà-ten nóaay săam-níw lăŋ-dam, nók krà-ten nóaay săam-níw
Turkish: Erguvani Küçük Yalıçapkını, Erguvani/Kızılca küçük yalıçapkını
Ukrainian: Рибалочка-крихітка трипалий
Vietnamese: Chim Bồng chanh đỏ
Chinese: 三趾翠鸟, 小黄鱼狗
Chinese (Traditional): 三趾翠鳥, 三趾翠鳥〔黑背三趾翠鳥〕, 小黃魚狗, 黑背/赤背三趾翠鳥
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 三趾翠鳥
Chinese (Taiwan): 三趾翠鸟

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