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Tawny Eagle

Aquila rapax (Temminck, CJ 1828)

The tawny eagle is a large bird of prey. Like all eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. Its heavily feathered legs illustrate it to be a member of the subfamily Aquilinae, also known as "booted eagles". Tawny eagles have an extensive but discontinuous breeding range that constitutes much of the African continent as well as the Indian subcontinent, with rare residency occurring in the southern Middle East. Throughout its range, it favours open dry habitats such as semideserts, deserts steppes, or savanna plains. Despite its preference for areas of aridity, the species seldom occurs in areas where trees are entirely absent. It is a resident breeder which lays one to three eggs in a stick nest mostly commonly in the crown of a tree. The tawny eagle is perhaps the most highly opportunistic of all of its taxonomic clan, and often scavenges on carrion or engages in kleptoparasitism towards other carnivorous animals but is also a bold and active predator, often of relatively large and diverse prey. It is estimated that tawny eagles can reach the age of 16 years old. Nonetheless, precipitous declines have been detected throughout the tawny eagle's range. Numerous factors, particularly loss of nesting habitat due to logging and global warming, as well as persecution and other anthropogenic mortality are driving the once numerous tawny eagle perhaps to the brink of extinction. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Accipitriformes
Family:
  Accipitridae
Genus:
   Aquila
Scientific:
  Aquila rapax


Original description

Citation:
  (Temminck, CJ 1828)

Reference:
   Nouv. Recueil Pl. Color. Ois. livr.76[=77] pl.455

Protonym:
  Falco rapax


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  335F0D557C2031A1

Avibase ID:
  avibase-335F0D55

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/335F0D55


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175415

Geographic range:

  • Aquila rapax rapax: southern Kenya and Democratic Republic of the Congo to Angola, Namibia and South Africa
  • Aquila rapax belisarius: Morocco and Algeria; s Arabia and w Africa to n Kenya
English:
Tawny Eagle
Catalan:
Àguila d'estapa
Czech:
orel okrový
Danish:
Afrikansk Rovørn
German:
Raubadler
Spanish:
Águila Rapaz
Spanish (Spain):
Águila Rapaz
Finnish:
savannikotka
French:
Aigle ravisseur
Croatian:
Savanski orao
Hungarian:
Szavannasas
Icelandic:
Hræörn
Italian:
Aquila rapace
Japanese (romaji):
sameiroinuwashi
Japanese:
アフリカソウゲンワシ
Lithuanian:
Azijinis erelis
Dutch:
Savannearend
Norwegian:
Savanneørn
Polish:
orzel sawannowy
Portuguese:
Águia-rapace
Russian:
Степной орёл
Slovak:
orol bronzový
Serbian:
Savanski orao
Swedish:
Savannörn
Ukrainian:
Орел степовий
Chinese:
茶色雕
Chinese (Traditional):
茶色鵰


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Tawny Eagle ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Aigle ravisseur ( Aquila rapax) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Aquila [rapax or vindhiana] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Roofarend
Arabic: عقاب السهول
Azerbaijani: Çöl qartalı
Bulgarian: Степен орел
Bengali: তাভামট িইগর , তামাটে ঈগল
Bengali (transliteration): tāmāṭē īgala
Catalan: Àguila calçada, Àguila d'estapa, Àguila rapaç
Valencian: Àguila calçada
Czech: orel okrový, Orel stepní, orel stepní západosibiřský
Danish: Afrikansk Rovørn, Steppeørn
German: Raubadler, Savannenadler, Steppenadler
Greek: Στεπαετός
English: Abyssinian Tawny Eagle, African Tawny Eagle, African Tawny-Eagle, Steppe Eagle, Tawny Eagle, Tawny Eagle, Steppe Eagle
English (Kenya): Tawny Eagle
Esperanto: Rabaglo
Spanish: Águila Esteparia, Aguila Rapaz, Aguila Rapáz, Águila Rapaz, Águila rapáz
Spanish (Spain): Águila Rapaz
Estonian: Stepikotkas
Persian: عقاب خاکی
Finnish: Arokotka, Savannikotka
French: Aigle ravisseur
Hebrew: עיט סואנות, עיט סוואנות
Croatian: Savanski orao, Stepski orao
Hungarian: Pusztai sas, Szavannasas
Armenian: Տափաստանային Արծիվ
Icelandic: Hræörn
Italian: Aquila rapace
Japanese (romaji): afurika sōgen washi, afurikasougenwashi, sameiroinuwashi, Sameiroinu-washi
Japanese: アフリカソウゲンワシ, サメイロイヌウァシ
Japanese (Kanji): アフリカ草原鷲
Georgian: ველის არწივი
Kabardian: хъупӀэбгъэ
Kazakh: Дала қыраны
Korean: 초원수리
Kwangali: Ngongo
Scientific: Aquila choka, Aquila rapax, Aquila rapax rapax, Falco rapax
Lithuanian: Azijinis erelis
Latvian: Stepes ērglis
Mongolian: Тарважи
Nepali: राग महाचील
Dutch: Savanne Arend, Savannearend, Savannenarend, Steppearend
Norwegian: Hræørn, Savanneørn
Sotho, Northern: Ntshukôbôkôbô
Polish: orzel sawannowy, orzeł sawannowy, Orzel stepowy, Orzeł stepowy
Pinyin: chá-sè diāo
Portuguese: Águia-fulva, Águia-rapace
Portuguese (Portugal): Águia-fulva
Russian: Stepnoy Oryol, Степной орел, Степной орёл
Slovak: orol bronzový, Orol stepný
Slovenian: roparski orel
Shona: Gondo
Serbian: Savanski orao, Степски орао
Siswant: Lusoti
Sotho, Southern: Ntsu
Swedish: Savannörn, Stäppörn
Swahili: Tai Msasi
Tamil: Aaalipparundhu
Thai: นกอินทรีสีน้ำตาล, นกอินทรีสีน้ำตาลเล็ก
Thai (Transliteration): nók in-sii sĭi-nám-taan, nók in-sii sĭi-nám-taan lék
Tswana: Ntsu
Turkish: Bozkır kartalı, Korsan Kartal
Tsonga: Ghama
Tuvinian: Хову эзири
Ukrainian: Орел степовий , Степовий орел
Vietnamese: Chim Đại bàng nâu
Xhosa: Ukhozi
Chinese: 茶色, 茶色雕, 草原雕, 草原鵰
Chinese (Traditional): 茶色鵰

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