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Short-billed Gull

Larus brachyrhynchus Richardson, 1831

The short-billed gull is a medium-sized species of gull that breeds in northwestern North America. In North America it was previously known as the mew gull, when it was considered conspecific with the palearctic common gull. Most authorities, including the American Ornithological Society in 2021, have split the two populations as distinct species. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
   Larus
Scientific:
  Larus brachyrhynchus


Original description

Citation:
  Richardson, 1831

Reference:
  Am.Orn.[Jamesoned.] p.352

Protonym:
  Larus brachyrhynchus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/54563613


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  342F6965CFE656B1

Avibase ID:
  avibase-342F6965

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/342F6965


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176834

Geographic range:

  • Larus brachyrhynchus: Alaska to Br. Columbia and Saskatchewan; winters to California
English:
Short-billed Gull
Danish:
Amerikansk Stormmåge
German:
Kurzschnabel-Sturmmöwe
Spanish:
Gaviota Piquicorta
Spanish (Spain):
Gaviota piquicorta
French:
Goéland à bec court
Croatian:
američki burni galeb
Italian:
Gavina beccocorto
Japanese (romaji):
amerikakamome
Japanese:
コカモメ
Dutch:
Amerikaanse Stormmeeuw
Norwegian:
fiskemåke (brachyrhynchus)
Polish:
mewa alaskańska
Portuguese:
Famego-americano
Slovak:
čajka kanadská
Serbian:
Američki sivi galeb
Swedish:
kortnäbbad mås
Ukrainian:
Мартин сивий аляскинський
Chinese:
美洲海鸥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Mew Gull (American) ( Larus canus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Mew Gull (American) ( Larus canus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Mew Gull (American) ( Larus canus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Mew Gull (American) ( Larus canus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Mew Gull (American) ( Larus canus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Mew Gull (American) ( Larus canus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Mew Gull (American) ( Larus canus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Mew Gull (American) ( Larus canus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Mew Gull (American) ( Larus canus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Mew Gull (American) ( Larus canus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Short-billed Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Mew Gull ( Larus brachyrhynchus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus canus brachyrhynchus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Larus [canus or brachyrhynchus] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Amerikaanse stormmeeu
Arabic: نورس شائع (brachyrhynchus), نَوْرَسٌ قَصِيرُ مِنقَارٍ
Asturian: Gaviota cana (Neártico)
Azerbaijani: Boz qağayı (brachyrhynchus yarımnövü)
Bulgarian: Късоклюна чайка-буревестница, Чайка буревестница (ssp. brachyrhynchus)
Catalan: Gavina cendrosa (Neàrtica), Gavina cendrosa americana
Czech: racek bouřní (ssp. brachyrhynchus), Racek bouřní severoamerický
Welsh: Gwylan fewian
Danish: Amerikansk Stormmåge, Kortnæbbet stormmåge, Stormmåge, Amerikansk (ssp. brachyrhynchus)
German: Kurzschnabel-Sturmmöwe, Nordamerikanische Sturmmöwe, Sturmmöwe (brachyrhynchus)
Greek: Θυελλόγλαρος (brachyrhynchus)
English: Mew Gull, Mew Gull (American), Short-billed Gull
English (United Kingdom): Common Gull (brachyrhynchus)
English, HBW: Mew Gull (American)
English (IOC): Mew Gull (American), Short-billed Gull
English (Kenya): Common Gull (American)
English (UAE): Common Gull (American)
English (United States): Mew Gull (American), Short-billed Gull
Esperanto: Amerika griza mevo
Spanish: Gaviota Cana (brachyrhynchus), Gaviota Cana (Neártico), Gaviota cana americana, Gaviota Piquicorta
Spanish (Spain): Gaviota Cana (brachyrhynchus), Gaviota cana (Neártico), Gaviota piquicorta
Spanish (HBW): Mew Gull (American)
Inupiatun, North Alaskan: nauyatchiaq
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Cana (brachyrhynchus), Gaviota Pico Corto
Estonian: ameerika kalakajakas
Basque: Kaio mokohoria (brachyrhynchus)
Persian: کاکایی نوک ‌سبز (brachyrhynchus)
Finnish: Amerikankalalokki, kalalokki (brachyrhynchus)
Faroese: Skatumási (brachyrhyncus)
French: Goéland à bec court, Goéland cendré (Amérique), Goéland cendré (brachyrhynchus)
Irish: Faoileán meamhlach
Galician: Gaivota cana (brachyrhynchus), Gaivota cana americana
Hebrew: שחף אפרורי (אמריקני)
Croatian: američki burni galeb
Hungarian: Viharsirály (Amerikai)
Armenian: Թխակապույտ որոր (brachyrhynchus)
Icelandic: Stormmáfur (brachyrhynchus)
Italian: Gavina beccocorto, Gavina d'Alaska
Japanese (romaji): amerikakamome, kamome (brachyrhynchus)
Japanese: アメリカカモメ, カモメ (brachyrhynchus), コカモメ, コカモメ (brachyrhynchus)
Scientific: Larus brachyrhynchus, Larus canus brachyrhynchus
Lithuanian: Aliaskinis kiras, Paprastasis kiras (brachyrhynchus)
Latvian: Aļaskas kaija
Macedonian: Мартин (сивий) аляскинський
Dutch: Amerikaanse stormmeeuw, Stormmeeuw (Amerikaans)
Norwegian: fiskemåke (brachyrhynchus)
Polish: Mewa alaskańska, mewa siwa (brachyrhynchus)
Portuguese: Famego-americano
Portuguese (Portugal): Famego-americano, gaivota-de-bico-curto
Rhaeto-Romance: Muetta dal bec curt
Romanian: Pescăruş de Alaska
Russian: Американская сизая чайка, Сизая чайка (Американская)
Northern Sami: Amerihkábáiski
Slovak: čajka kanadská, čajka kanadská (skup.)
Slovenian: Kratkokljuni (sivi) galeb, Kratkokljuni galeb, Sivi galeb (brachyrhynchus)
Serbian: Američki sivi galeb, Sivi galeb (brachyrhynchus)
Swedish: fiskmås (brachyrhynchus), kortnäbbad mås
Thai: นกนางนวลปากเหลือง (อเมริกา)
Turkish: Kısa Gagalı Martı, Küçük Gümüş Martı (brachyrhynchus)
Ukrainian: Мартин сивий аляскинський
Chinese: 海鸥(美洲), 美洲海鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 海鷗(brachyrhynchus)

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