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Bewick's Swan

Cygnus bewickii Yarrell, 1830

The Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus) is a small Holarctic swan. The two taxa within it are usually regarded as conspecific, but are also sometimes split into two species, Cygnus bewickii (Bewick's Swan) of the Palaearctic and the Whistling Swan, C. columbianus proper, of the Nearctic. Birds from eastern Russia (roughly east of the Taimyr Peninsula) are sometimes separated as the subspecies C. c. jankowskii, but this is not widely accepted as distinct, most authors including them in C. c. bewickii. Tundra Swans are sometimes separated in the genus Olor together with the other Arctic swan species. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Anseriformes
Family:
  Anatidae
Genus:
  Cygnus

Scientific:
  Cygnus bewickii

Citation:
  Yarrell, 1830

Reference:
  Zool.J. p.133,note

Protonym:
  Cygnus Bewickii

Avibase ID:
  3D8F0A76A7CCD79F

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/3D8F0A76

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 714735

Geographic range:

  • Cygnus bewickii: Kola Peninsula to arctic n Siberia; winters w Europe to s Asia
English:
Bewick's Swan
French:
Cygne de Bewick
Japanese (romaji):
kohakuchou
Portuguese:
Cisne de Bewick


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Bewick's Swan ( Cygnus bewickii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Bewick's Swan ( Cygnus bewickii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Bewick's Swan ( Cygnus bewickii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Bewick's Swan ( Cygnus bewickii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Bewick's Swan ( Cygnus bewickii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Bewick's Swan ( Cygnus bewickii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Bewick's Swan ( Cygnus bewickii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Bewick's Swan ( Cygnus bewickii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Bewick's Swan ( Cygnus bewickii) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Cygne de Bewick ( Cygnus bewickii) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Bewick's Swan ( Cygnus bewickii) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Bewick's Swan ( Cygnus bewickii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Tundra Swan (Bewick's) ( Cygnus columbianus bewickii) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Tundra Swan (Bewick's) ( Cygnus columbianus bewickii) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Tundra Swan (Bewick's) ( Cygnus columbianus bewickii) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Tundra Swan (Bewick's) ( Cygnus columbianus bewickii) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Tundra Swan (Bewick's) ( Cygnus columbianus bewickii) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Tundra Swan (Bewick's) ( Cygnus columbianus bewickii) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Tundra Swan (Bewick's) ( Cygnus columbianus bewickii) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Tundra Swan (Bewick's) ( Cygnus columbianus bewickii) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Tundra Swan (Bewick's) ( Cygnus columbianus bewickii) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Tundra Swan (Bewick's) ( Cygnus columbianus bewickii) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Tundra Swan (Bewick's) ( Cygnus columbianus bewickii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Cygnus bewickii [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Cygnus bewickii [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Cygnus bewickii [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Cygnus columbianus bewickii [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Cygnus [columbianus or bewickii] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Kleinswaan
Arabic: تم بويكي
Asturian: Cisne pequeñu (paleárticu)
Azerbaijani: Bevik qu quşu, kiçik qu, Kiçik qu (bewickii yarımnövü), Kiçik qu quşu, kiçik qulələk
Bashkir: ваҡ аҡҡош
Belarusian: Лебедзь малы, Малы лебедзь
Bulgarian: Малък лебед, Тундров лебед, Тундров лебед (ssp. bewickii)
Bengali: চফিঈচয়ক ভযার
Bengali (transliteration): bi'uẏika marāla
Breton: Alarc'h Bewick, An alarc'h Bewick
Catalan: Cigne petit, Cigne petit (paleàrtic)
Valencian: Cigne petit
Montenegrin: mali labud, мали лабуд
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): мали лабуд
Czech: labuť Bewickova, Labuť malá, labuť malá (ssp. bewickii)
Chuvash: тундра акăшĕ
Welsh: Alarch Bewick, Alorch Bewick
Danish: Pibesvane, Pibesvane (ssp. bewickii)
German: Zwergschwan, Zwergschwan (bewickii)
Greek: Ναvόκυκvoς, Νανόκυκνος, Νανόκυκνος (bewickii)
English: Bewick Swan, Bewick's Swan, Tundra swan, Tundra Swan (Bewick's), Western Whistling Swan
English (United Kingdom): Bewick's Swan (Bewick's)
English, HBW: Tundra Swan (Bewick's)
English (IOC): Tundra Swan (Bewick's)
English (United States): Tundra Swan (Bewick's)
Esperanto: Malgranda cigno
Spanish: Cisne Chico, Cisne Chico (paleártico), Cisne de Bewick, Cisne de tundra, Cisne de Tundra (bewickii)
Spanish (Cuba): Cisne (bewickii)
Spanish (Spain): Cisne Chico (Paleártico)
Spanish (HBW): Tundra Swan (Bewick's)
Spanish (Mexico): Cisne de Tundra (bewickii)
Estonian: väikeluik
Basque: Beltxarga txiki, Beltxarga txistularia, Beltxarga txistularia (bewickii)
Persian: قوی کوچک, قوی کوچک (bewickii)
Finnish: Pikkujoutsen, pikkujoutsen (alalaji bewickii), pikkujoutsen (bewickii)
Faroese: Smáokn, Smáokn (bewickii)
French: Cygne de Bewick, Cygne siffleur, Cygne siffleur (bewickii), Cygne siffleur (de Bewick)
Friulian: cign piçul
Frisian: Lytse Swan
Irish: Eala Bewick, Eala Bhewick
Gaelic: Eala Bheag
Galician: Cisne de Bewick, Cisne pequeno, Cisne pequeño (paleártico)
Manx: Ollay veg
Hebrew: ברבור בוויק, ברבור קטן, ברבור קטן (אירואסייתי)
Croatian: Crnokljuni labud, Mali labud, Mali labud (subsp. Brewickii)
Hungarian: Kis hattyú, Kis hattyú (Bewick)
Armenian: [Pokr Karap ], Փոքր Կարապ, Փոքր կարապ (Բևիկի)
Icelandic: Dvergsvanur, Dvergsvanur (bewickii)
Italian: Cigno minore, Cigno minore (bewickii), Cigno nano
Japanese (romaji): Haku-choo, Ko haku-choo, Ko-hakucho, kohakuchou, kohakuchou (bewickii)
Japanese: コハクチョウ, コハクチョウ (bewickii), コハクチョウ(亜種 コハクチョウ), ハクチョウ
Georgian: მცირე მყივანი გედი
Kara-Kalpak: кишкене ақ қуў
Kabardian: тундрэкъыу
Mongolian, Halh: хуруут хун
Khakas: Кiчiг хуу
Kazakh: Кіші аққу, кішкентай аққу, тундра аққуы, тундралық аққу
Korean: 고니, 고니 (bewickii)
North Karelian: pikkujoučen
Kirghiz: кидик ак куу, кидик куу
Scientific: Anas Columbianus, Cygnus bewicki [sic] jankowskyi, Cygnus bewicki jankowskyi, Cygnus bewickii, Cygnus bewickii bewickii, Cygnus columbianus bewickii, Cygnus columbianus columbianus, Olor columbianus bewickii
Luxembourgish: Klenge Schwunn, Zwergschwan , Zwergschwunn
Limburgish: Toendrazwaan
Lithuanian: Mažoji gulbė
Latvian: Mazais gulbis, Mazais gulbis (bewickii)
Macedonian: Мал лебед
Mongolian: Гунгар хун, толбот хун, торомт хун, хуруут хун
Maltese: Ċinju żgħir
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): толбот хун, торомт хун, хуруут хун
Dutch: Kleine Zwaan, Kleine Zwaan (bewickii)
Norwegian: Dvergsvane, dvergsvane (bewickii), rasen bewickii
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): meččyhanhi
Polish: Łabędź Bewicka, Labedz czarnodzioby, łabędź czarnodzioby, łabędź czarnodzioby (bewickii), labedz maly, łabędź mały
Portuguese: Cisne de Bewick, Cisne-pequeno
Portuguese (Portugal): Cisne-pequeno (bewickii)
Romansh: Cign pitschen
Rhaeto-Romance: Cign pitschen
Romanian: Lebădă mică, Lebădă mică (bewickii)
Russian: Американский лебедь (Малый), Лебедь малый, Малый лебедь, Малый лебедь - Тундровый лебедь, тундровый лебедь
Yakut: быытта куба
Scots: Eala bheag
Northern Sami: Deagganjukcá, Uhcanjukča
Slovak: Labuť malá, labuť malá (skup.)
Slovenian: mali labod, Mali labod (bewickii)
Albanian: Mjelma e vogël
Serbian: Mali labud, Mali labud (bewickii), Мали лабуд
Swedish: Mindre sångsvan, mindre sångsvan (bewickii)
Turkmen: kiçi guw
Turkish: Küçük kuğu, Küçük Kuğu (bewickii), Küçük Kuğu Kuşu
Tatar: кече аккош
Tuvinian: Бичии куу
Udmurt: пичи юсь
Ukrainian: Лебідь малий , Малий (Тундровий) лебідь, Малий лебідь
Uzbek: кичик оққуш, тундра оққуши
Kalmyk: баһ хун
Chinese: [duan-zui], [hu], [xiao tian-e], [xiao-sheng tian-e], 啸声天鹅, 小天鹅, 小天鹅(欧亚), 短嘴天鹅, 鵠
Chinese (Traditional): 小天鵝(東亞)
Chinese (Taiwan): [hu], 鵠

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