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Congo Serpent-Eagle

Circaetus spectabilis (Schlegel, H 1863)

The Congo serpent eagle is a species of bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, and is sometimes placed in the monotypic genus Dryotriorchis by some taxonomic authorities. This species is distributed across the African tropical rainforest, including upper and lower Guinean forests. This serpent eagle specializes in hunting in these forests’ dark understories. It has two subspecies, the nominate subspecies Dryotriorchis spectabilis spectabilis and Dryotriorchis spectabilis batesi. Though monotypic, it appears to be very closely related to Circaetus. This hawk is a medium-sized bird with distinctive short, rounded wings and a long, rounded tail. It is varying shades of brown on its back and has a slight crest. Its breast is white with variable amounts of a rufous wash and, in the nominate subspecies, is covered in round, blackish spots. The subspecies D. s. batesi only has these dots on its flanks. The Congo serpent eagle closely resembles Cassin's hawk-eagle, and some ornithologists believe that this likeness is a rare example of avian mimicry. It is a very vocal raptor, and often is one of the most heard species in its habitat. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Accipitriformes
Family:
  Accipitridae
Genus:
   Circaetus
Scientific:
  Circaetus spectabilis


Original description

Citation:
  (Schlegel, H 1863)

Reference:
   Nederl. Tijdschr. Dierk. 1 p.131 pl.6

Protonym:
  Astur spectabilis

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12575304


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  3DA062BF0F062DDE

Avibase ID:
  avibase-3DA062BF

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/3DA062BF


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175510

Geographic range:

  • Circaetus spectabilis spectabilis: Sierra Leone to Nigeria and nw Cameroon
  • Circaetus spectabilis batesi: S Cameroon to Uganda, Gabon and n Angola
English:
Congo Serpent-Eagle
Catalan:
Àguila serpera del Congo
Czech:
orlík jestřábovitý
Danish:
Slangehøg
German:
Kongoschlangenadler
Spanish:
Culebrera Congoleña
Spanish (Spain):
Culebrera Congoleña
Finnish:
kongonkäärmehaukka
French:
Serpentaire du Congo
Croatian:
dugorepi zmijar
Hungarian:
kongói gyíkászhéja
Italian:
Serpentario del Congo
Japanese (romaji):
hebiwashi
Japanese:
ヘビワシ
Lithuanian:
Konginis gyvatėdis
Dutch:
Congolese Slangenarend
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Kongoslangehauk
Norwegian:
Kongoslangehauk
Polish:
wężojad kongijski
Portuguese:
Águia-cobreira-congolesa
Russian:
Конголезский змееяд
Slovak:
hadiar dlhochvostý
Serbian:
Kongoanski zmijar
Swedish:
kongoormörn
Ukrainian:
Змієїд конголезький
Chinese:
刚果蛇雕
Chinese (Traditional):
剛果蛇鵰


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Serpentaire du Congo ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Serpentaire du Congo ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
African Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Congo Serpent-eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Dryotriorchis spectabilis [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Dryotriorchis spectabilis [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Dryotriorchis spectabilis [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Congo Serpent-Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Circaetus spectabilis) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Congo Serpent Eagle ( Dryotriorchis spectabilis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Dryotriorchis spectabilis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Dryotriorchis spectabilis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Bengali: কমঙ্খায ঳া঩িইগর
Bengali (transliteration): kaṅgōra sāpa'īgala*
Catalan: Àguila serpera del Congo
Czech: Orlík jestrábovitý, orlík jestřábovitý
Danish: Slangehøg
German: Kongoschlangenadler, Schlangenbussard
English: African Serpent Eagle, African Serpent-Eagle, Congo Serpent Eagle, Congo Serpent-Eagle, Congo Snake Eagle, Gold Coast Serpent-Eagle, Serpent Eagle
English, HBW: Congo Serpent-eagle
English (IOC): Congo Serpent Eagle
English (United States): Congo Serpent-Eagle
Spanish: Águila Culebrera del Congo, Culebrera Congoleńa, Culebrera Congoleña
Spanish (Spain): Culebrera Congoleña
Spanish (HBW): Congo Serpent-Eagle
Estonian: aafrika maduhaugas
Finnish: Kongonkäärmehaukka
French: Aigle serpentaire, Aigle Serpentaire du Congo, Circaète du Congo, Serpentaire d'Afrique, Serpentaire du Congo
Hebrew: עיט נחשים אפריקאי
Croatian: dugorepi zmijar
Hungarian: kongói gyíkászhéja
Italian: Aquila serpentaria del Congo, Serpentario del Congo
Japanese (romaji): hebiwashi
Japanese: ヘビワシ
Scientific: Astur spectabilis, Circaetus spectabilis, Dryotriorchis spectabilis, Dryotriorchis spectabilis spectabilis
Lithuanian: Konginis gyvatėdis
Dutch: Congolese Slangenarend, Zaïrese Slangenarend
Norwegian Nynorsk: Kongoslangehauk
Norwegian: Kongoslangehauk
Polish: gadożer kongijski, wezojad kongijski, wężojad kongijski
Portuguese: Águia-cobreira-congolesa
Portuguese (Portugal): águia-cobreira-congolesa
Russian: Конголезский змееяд
Slovak: hadiar dlhochvostý
Serbian: Kongoanski zmijar
Swedish: Kongolesisk ormörn, kongoormörn
Turkish: Kongo yılan kartalı
Ukrainian: Змієїд конголезький
Chinese: 刚果蛇雕
Chinese (Traditional): 剛果蛇鵰

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