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Black-backed Kingfisher [incl. motleyi group]

Ceyx erithaca [incl. motleyi group] (= Ceyx erithaca) (Linnaeus, C 1758)

The oriental dwarf kingfisher, also known as the black-backed kingfisher or three-toed kingfisher, is a pocket-sized bird in the family Alcedinidae. This tropical kingfisher is a partial migrant that is endemic across much of the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It resides in lowland forests, typically near streams or ponds, where it feeds upon insects, spiders, worms, crabs, fish, frogs, and lizards. This small bird is easily distinguishable from other birds in its range due to its red bill, yellow-orange underparts, lilac-rufous upperparts, and blue-black back. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Coraciiformes
Family:
  Alcedinidae
Genus:
   Ceyx
Scientific:
  Ceyx erithaca


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, C 1758)

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.115

Protonym:
  Alcedo erithaca

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727020


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  3EB51211AECE9379

Avibase ID:
  avibase-3EB51211

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/3EB51211


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 692714

Geographic range:

  • Ceyx erithaca erithaca: resident in southwestern India and Sri Lanka; breeds from Bhutan and northeastern India to southeastern China, Indochina, and the northern Thai-Malay Peninsula (south to the Isthmus of Kra), this population partially migratory, wintering to the southern Thai-Malay Peninsula and Sumatra
  • Ceyx erithaca macrocarus: southern Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands
  • Ceyx rufidorsa motleyi: Borneo and adjacent northern offshore islands
  • Ceyx rufidorsa capta: Nias I. (off nw Sumatra)
  • Ceyx rufidorsa jungei: Batu I. and Simeulue I. (off nw Sumatra)
  • Show more...
English:
Black-backed Kingfisher [incl. motleyi group]
French:
Martin-pêcheur pourpré [incl. groupe motleyi]


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black-backed Kingfisher [incl. motleyi group] ( Ceyx erithaca [incl. motleyi group])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Martin-pêcheur pourpré ( Ceyx erithacus) [version 2]
Clements 1st edition:
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus) [version 2]
Clements 3rd edition:
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus) [version 2]
Clements 4th edition:
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition:
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Clements, version 2015:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Clements, version 2016:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Clements, version 2017:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
eBird version 1.50:
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
eBird version 1.52:
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
eBird version 1.53:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
eBird version 1.54:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
eBird version 1.55:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
eBird version 2015:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
eBird version 2016:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
eBird version 2017:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 2]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus) [version 2]
Oriental Bird Club:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus)
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Ceyx erithacus [version 2]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Ceyx erithacus
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Ceyx erithacus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus)
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithacus)

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species (alt)

This taxon is a subspecies of Ceyx [erithaca or rufidorsa]

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Bengali: উদয়ী বামনরাঙা, ওচযময়িার ফাভন ভাছযাঙা , কামরাচ঩ঠ ভাছযাঙা , কারাচ঩ঠ ভাছযাঙা , চতন-঩ায়ী ভাছযাঙা , ফুমনা ভাছযাঙা , িঈদয়ী ফাভন ভাছযাঙা , িঈদয়ী ফাভনযাঙা
Bengali (transliteration): bunō mācharāṅā, kālāpiṭha mācharāṅā, kālōpiṭha mācharāṅā, ōriẏēnṭāla bāmana mācharāṅā, tina-pāẏī mācharāṅā, udaẏī bāmana mācharāṅā, udaẏī bāmanarāṅā
Catalan: Blauet pigmeu de dors vermell
Czech: Lednácek džunglový, ledňáček džunglový
Danish: Orientalsk Dværgisfugl
German: Dschungelfischer, Dschungel-Fischer
English: Black backed Kingfisher, Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher, Black-backed Forest Kingfisher, Black-backed Kingfisher, Black-backed Kingfisher [incl. motleyi group], Malay Forest Kingfisher, Malay Forest-Kingfisher, Malay Kingfisher, Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher, Oriental Dwarf-Kingfisher, Oriental Kingfisher, Rufous-backed Kingfisher, Three-toed Kingfisher
English (India): Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher (Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher)
Esperanto: Nigradorsa alciono
Spanish: Martín Pescador Enano Oriental, Martín Pigmeo Oriental
Estonian: ritsika-jäälind
Finnish: Kolmivarvaskalastaja
French: Martin-pêcheur pourpré, Martin-pêcheur pourpré [incl. groupe motleyi], Martin-pêcheur tridactyle
Hungarian: vörhenyes jégmadár
Indonesian: Burung Udang Api, Raja udang kuku tiga, Udang Api, Udang punggung-merah
Italian: Martin pescatore dorsonero, Martin pescatore nano orientale
Japanese (romaji): mitsu-yubi kawa-semi, mitsuyubikawasemi
Japanese: ミツユビカワセミ
Japanese (Kanji): 三つ趾川蝉, 三つ趾翡翠, 三つ趾魚狗
Scientific: Alcedo erithaca, Ceyx erithaca, Ceyx erithaca [incl. motleyi group], Ceyx erithaca erithaca, Ceyx erithaca motleyi, Ceyx erithacus, Ceyx erithacus motleyi, Ceyx rufidorsa
Lithuanian: Tripirštis miškinis tulžys
Malayalam: മേനിപ്പൊന്മാൻ
Malay: Burung Pekaka Api, Burung Pekaka Rimba, Burung Pekaka Sepah, Pekaka, Pekaka Api
Dutch: Jungledwergijsvogel, Jungle-dwergijsvogel
Norwegian: Orientisfugl
Polish: zimorodek czarnogrzbiety, zimorodek orientalny
Pinyin: sān-zhǐ cuì-niǎo, xiǎo huáng yú-gǒu
Russian: Трёхпалый лесной зимородок
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Peradiga Ran-pilihuduwa
Slovak: rybárik džungľový
Slovenian: triprsti vodomec
Swedish: Orientalisk dvärgkungsfiskare
Tamil: Chinna Meenkothi
Thai: นกกระเต็นน้อยสามนิ้ว, นกกระเต็นน้อยหลังดำ, นกกะเต็นน้อยสามนิ้ว, นกกะเต็นน้อยสามนิ้วหลังแดง, นกกะเต็นน้อยสามนิ้วหลังดำ, นกกะเต็นน้อยหลังดำ
Thai (Transliteration): nók kà-ten nóaay lăŋ-dam, nók kà-ten nóaay săam-níw, nók kà-ten nóaay săam-níw lăŋ-daeeŋ, nók kà-ten nóaay săam-níw lăŋ-dam, nók krà-ten nóaay săam-níw
Ukrainian: Рибалочка-крихітка трипалий
Vietnamese: Bồng chanh đỏ, Chim Bồng chanh đỏ
Chinese: 三趾翠鳥, 三趾翠鸟, 小黄鱼狗
Chinese (Traditional): 三趾翠鳥, 小黃魚狗
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 三趾翠鳥
Chinese (Taiwan): 三趾翠鸟

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