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Sombre Tit

Poecile lugubris (Temminck, CJ 1820)

The sombre tit is a member of the tit family found in southeast Europe and southwest Asia. Sombre tits occur in low density in thin woodlands at the elevation range between 1000 and 1600 metres above sea level. Similar to the other tit species, the sombre tit is a cavity-nesting species, which makes the nests in the holes in juniper, willow, poplar, and other relevant tree species. In some cases they nest in iron pipes, and in artificial nest-boxes. The clutch usually consists on 4 to 9 eggs, having two clutches per year. The species appear to be resident in the country with slight local movements. They breed on mountain slopes and in open deciduous forest; lower down on in trees and bushes in rocky terrain, as well as in fruit orchards. The breeding season lasts from early April till end of July - beginning of August. The food mainly consists on insects. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Paridae
Genus:
   Poecile
Scientific:
  Poecile lugubris


Original description

Citation:
  (Temminck, CJ 1820)

Reference:
   Manuel Orn. Tabl. Syst. ed.2, part 1 p.293

Protonym:
  Parus lugubris

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41001858


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  3EDDBA595BCD215E

Avibase ID:
  avibase-3EDDBA59

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/3EDDBA59


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 562352

Geographic range:

  • Poecile lugubris lugubris: SE Europe south to n Greece; Crete
  • Poecile lugubris [anatoliae or lugens]: S Greece to Turkey, w Georgia, Armenia, n Iraq and nw Iran
  • Poecile lugubris dubius: W Iran (Zagros Mountains); winters to ne Iraq
English:
Sombre Tit
Catalan:
mallerenga fosca
Czech:
sýkora temná
Danish:
Sørgemejse
German:
Trauermeise
Spanish:
Carbonero Lúgubre
Spanish (Spain):
Carbonero Lúgubre
Finnish:
balkanintiainen
French:
Mésange lugubre
Croatian:
Mrka sjenica
Hungarian:
Füstös cinege
Icelandic:
Grámeisa
Italian:
Cincia dalmatina
Japanese (romaji):
barukankogara
Japanese:
バルカンコガラ
Lithuanian:
Dūminė zylė
Dutch:
Rouwmees
Norwegian:
Balkanmeis
Polish:
sikora zalobna
Portuguese:
Chapim-lúgubre
Russian:
Средиземноморская гаичка
Slovak:
sýkorka smútočná
Serbian:
mediteranska sjenica
Swedish:
Balkanmes
Ukrainian:
Гаїчка середземноморська
Chinese:
暗山雀
Chinese (Traditional):
灰暗山雀


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Sombre Tit ( Poecile lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Sombre Tit ( Parus lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Sombre Tit ( Parus lugubris) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Sombre Tit ( Parus lugubris) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Poecile [lugubris or hyrcanus] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Azerbaijani: Aralıq dəniz arıquşu, Araliq dənizi arıquşu
Bulgarian: Жалобен синигер
Catalan: mallerenga fosca
Montenegrin: mrka śenica mrka sjenica, mrka sjenica, мрка сјеница
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): мрка сјеница
Czech: sýkora temná
Danish: Sørgemejse
German: Trauermeise, Trauermeise-lugubris
Greek: Κλειδωνάς
English: Sombre tit, Western Sombre Tit
Esperanto: Funebra paruo
Spanish: Carbonero Lúgubre
Spanish (Spain): Carbonero Lúgubre
Estonian: tammetihane
Persian: چرخ‌ریسک سرسیاه
Finnish: Balkanintiainen
French: Mésange caspienne, Mésange lugubre
Friulian: parussule dalmate
Hebrew: ירגז-י החרמון, ירגזי חרמון
Croatian: Mrka sjenica
Hungarian: Füstös cinege
Armenian: [Mijyerkratzovyan Yerashtahav ], Միջերկրածովյան Երաշտահավ, Միջրկրածովյան Երաժտահավ
Icelandic: Grámeisa
Italian: Cincia dalmatina
Japanese (romaji): barukankogara
Japanese: バルカンコガラ
Georgian: დიდი წიწკანურა
Kazakh: Жерорта теңізі шөжеторғай
Kirghiz: Жер ортолук деңиз кашка чымчыгы
Scientific: Parus lugens, Parus lugubris, Parus lugubris lugubris, Parus lugubris splendens, Poecile hyrcanus hyrcanus, Poecile lugubris, Poecile lugubris hyrcana, Poecile lugubris hyrcanus, Poecile lugubris lugens, Poecile lugubris lugubris, Poecile lugubris splendens
Lithuanian: Dūminė zylė
Latvian: sēru zīlīte
Macedonian: Голема црноглава сипка
Moldavian: Pițigoi de livadă
Dutch: Rouwmees
Norwegian: Balkanmeis
Polish: sikora zalobna, Sikora żałobna
Portuguese: chapim lúgubre, Chapim-lúgubre
Portuguese (Portugal): Chapim-sombrio
Romanian: Pițigoi de livadă
Russian: Гаичка средиземноморская, Средиземноморская гаичка
Slovak: sýkorka smútočná
Slovenian: žalobna sinica
Albanian: Trishtili i madhe i murrmë
Serbian: mediteranska sjenica, Медитеранска сеница
Swedish: Balkanmes
Turkish: Ak Yanaklı Baştankara, ak yanakly baştankara, Akyanaklı Baştankara, Ak-yanaklı Baştankara, Anadolu Baştankarası, Dağ Baştankarası
Ukrainian: Гаїчка середземноморська
Chinese: 暗山雀
Chinese (Traditional): 灰暗山雀

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