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White-throated or brown-breasted Kingfisher

Halcyon [smyrnensis or gularis] (= Halcyon smyrnensis) (Linnaeus, C 1758)

The white-throated kingfisher also known as the white-breasted kingfisher is a tree kingfisher, widely distributed in Asia from the Sinai east through the Indian subcontinent to China and Indonesia. This kingfisher is a resident over much of its range, although some populations may make short distance movements. It can often be found well away from water where it feeds on a wide range of prey that includes small reptiles, amphibians, crabs, small rodents and even birds. During the breeding season they call loudly in the mornings from prominent perches including the tops of buildings in urban areas or on wires. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Coraciiformes
Family:
  Alcedinidae
Genus:
   Halcyon
Scientific:
  Halcyon smyrnensis


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, C 1758)

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.116

Protonym:
  Alcedo smyrnensis

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727021


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  3EEE4BB4CEACA3FC

Avibase ID:
  avibase-3EEE4BB4

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/3EEE4BB4


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 554585

Geographic range:

  • Halcyon smyrnensis smyrnensis: Arabian Peninsula to Caucasus Mountains and nw India
  • Halcyon smyrnensis fusca: W India and Sri Lanka
  • Halcyon smyrnensis saturatior: Andaman Islands
  • Halcyon smyrnensis perpulchra: Myanmar to Malay Peninsula and Indochina
  • Halcyon smyrnensis fokiensis: S and e China; Hainan and Taiwan
  • Halcyon gularis: Philippine Islands
  • Show more...
English:
White-throated or brown-breasted Kingfisher
French:
Martin-chasseur de Smyrne ou M.-c. à poitrine brune


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
White-throated or brown-breasted Kingfisher ( Halcyon [smyrnensis or gularis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
White-throated or brown-breasted Kingfisher ( Halcyon [smyrnensis or gularis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
White-throated or brown-breasted Kingfisher ( Halcyon [smyrnensis or gularis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
White-throated or brown-breasted Kingfisher ( Halcyon [smyrnensis or gularis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
White-throated or brown-breasted Kingfisher ( Halcyon [smyrnensis or gularis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
White-throated or brown-breasted Kingfisher ( Halcyon [smyrnensis or gularis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
White-throated or brown-breasted Kingfisher ( Halcyon [smyrnensis or gularis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
White-throated or brown-breasted Kingfisher ( Halcyon [smyrnensis or gularis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
White-throated or brown-breasted Kingfisher ( Halcyon [smyrnensis or gularis])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Martin-chasseur de Smyrne ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Martin-chasseur de Smyrne ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
White-breasted Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
White-breasted Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Halcyon smyrnensis [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Halcyon smyrnensis [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Halcyon smyrnensis [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
White-throated Kingfisher ( Halcyon smyrnensis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Halcyon smyrnensis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Halcyon smyrnensis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Witborsvisvanger
Arabic: السماك ابيض الصدر, السُماك ابيض الصدر, القرلى أبيض الصدر, غطاس
Azerbaijani: Qırmızıdimdik balıqçıl
Belarusian: Чырвананосы зімародак
Bulgarian: Белогръдо земеродно рибарче, Кафяво рибарче
Bengali: ধলাগলা মাছরাঙা
Breton: Diredig jave gwenn
Catalan: Alció d'Esmirna
Czech: Lednácek hnedohlavý, ledňáček hnědohlavý
Welsh: Pysgotwr bronwyn
Danish: Smyrnaisfugl
German: Braunliest
Greek: Σμυρvαλκυόνη, Σμυρναλκυόνα, Σμυρναλκυόνη, Σμυρνονέρουππος
Greek (Cypriot): Σμυρνονέρουππος
English: Smyrna Kingfisher, White-breasted Kingfisher, White-throated Kingfisher, White-throated or brown-breasted Kingfisher
Esperanto: Blankbrusta alciono
Spanish: Alción de Esmirna, Alción Esmirna, Martín Pescador Turco
Estonian: ruske-safiirlind
Basque: Esmirnako martin arrantzale
Persian: ماهی‌خورک سینه‌سفید
Finnish: Aasiankalastaja, smyrnankalastaja
French: Martin-chasseur à gorge blanche, Martin-chasseur de Smyrne, Martin-chasseur de Smyrne ou M.-c. à poitrine brune, Martin-pêcheur à gorge blanche, Martin-pêcheur à poitrine blanch, Martin-pêcheur à poitrine blanche, Martin-pêcheur de Smyrne
Frisian: Smyrna-iisfûgel
Irish: Cruidín uchtbhán
Galician: Alción de papo branco
Manx: Eeasteyr cleeau-vane
Hebrew: לבן חזה, לבן־חזה, לבן-חזה, שלדג לבן חזה, שלדג לבן־חזה, שלדג לבן-חזה
Hindi: Meenkotti, Vichuli
Croatian: bjeloprsi vodomar
Hungarian: barna halkapó, Fehérbegyű halcion
Indonesian: Burung Cekakak Belukar, Cekakak belukar, Raja udang leher putih
Icelandic: Tyrkjaþyrill
Italian: Martin pescatore di Smirne, Martin pescatore golabianca, Martin pescatore pettobianco
Japanese (romaji): ao shōbin, Ao-shobin, aoshoubin, Ao-shoubin
Japanese: アオショウビン
Japanese (Kanji): 青翡翠
Scientific: Alcedo smyrnensis, Halcyon [smyrnensis or gularis], Halcyon smyrnensis, Halcyon smyrnensis smyrnensis
Lithuanian: Baltagurklis halcionas, Raudonsnapis halcionas
Latvian: baltkrūšu dzenītis
Macedonian: Белоградо рибарче
Malayalam: മീന്‍കൊത്തി ചാത്തന്‍ 
Malay: Burung Pekaka Belukar, Burung Pekaka Dada Putih, Burung Pekaka Dusun, Pekaka Dada Putih
Nepali: सेतोकण्ठे माटीकोरे
Dutch: Smyrna ijsvogel, Smyrnaijsvogel, Smyrna-ijsvogel, Witkeelijsvogel
Norwegian: Kastanjeisfugl
Polish: lowiec krasnodzioby, łowiec krasnodzioby, zimorodek krasnodzioby
Pinyin: bái-xiōng fěicuì, bái-xiōng yú-gǒu, cāng fěicuì, cāng-fěi-niǎo, cuì-bì-niǎo, cuì-máo-niǎo, yú-gǒu, yú-hǔ
Portuguese: Guarda-rios-de-papo-branco
Rhaeto-Romance: Pestgaderin brin
Romanian: Pescăraş cu gât alb
Russian: Белогрудый зимородок, Зимородок красноносый, Красноклювая альциона, Красноносый зимородок
Northern Sami: Smyrnafiskár
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Layasudu Madi-pilihuduwa
Slovak: Rybárik červenozobý, rybárikovec hnedohlavý
Slovenian: izmirski gozdomec
Serbian: Belogrudi vodomar
Swedish: Smyrnakungsfiskare
Tamil: Venthondai Meenkothi
Thai: นกกระเต็นอกขาว, นกกะเต็นอกขาว, นกกินปลาอกขาว
Thai (Transliteration): nók kà-ten òk-kʰăaw, nók kin-plaa òk-kʰăaw, nók krà-ten òk-kʰăaw
Turkish: izmir Yalıçapkını, İzmir Yalıçapkını, şzmir Yalıçapkını, Yzmir yalyçapkyny
Ukrainian: Альціон білогрудий
Vietnamese: Chim Sả đầu nâu, Sả đầu nâu
Chinese: 白胸翡翠, 白胸鱼狗, 翠毛鸟, 翠碧鸟, 苍翡鸟, 蒼翡翠, 鱼狗, 鱼虎
Chinese (Traditional): 白胸翡翠, 白胸魚狗, 翠毛鳥, 翠碧鳥, 蒼翡翠〔白胸翡翠〕, 蒼翡鳥, 魚狗, 魚虎
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 蒼翡翠
Chinese (Taiwan): 苍翡翠

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