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Mountain or Legge's Hawk-Eagle

Nisaetus [nipalensis or kelaarti] (= Nisaetus nipalensis) Hodgson, BH 1836

The mountain hawk-eagle or Hodgson's hawk-eagle, is a large bird of prey native to Asia. The latter name is in reference to the naturalist, Brian Houghton Hodgson, who described the species after collecting one himself in the Himalayas. A less widely recognized common English name is the feather-toed eagle. Like all eagles, it is in the family Accipitridae. Its feathered tarsus marks this species as a member of the subfamily Aquilinae. It is a confirmed breeding species in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, from India, Nepal through Bangladesh to Thailand, Taiwan, Vietnam and Japan, although its distribution could be wider still as breeding species. Like other Asian hawk-eagles, this species was earlier treated under the genera of Spizaetus but genetic studies have shown this group to be paraphyletic, resulting in the Old World members being placed in Nisaetus and separated from the New World species. As is typical of hawk-eagles, the mountain hawk-eagle is a forest dwelling opportunistic predator who readily varies its prey selection between birds, mammals and reptiles along with other vertebrates. Although classified currently as a least-concern species due its persistence over a rather wide distribution, this species is often quite rare and scarce and seems to be decreasing, especially in response to large-scale habitat degradation and deforestation. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Accipitriformes
Family:
  Accipitridae
Genus:
   Nisaetus
Scientific:
  Nisaetus nipalensis


Original description

Citation:
  Hodgson, BH 1836

Reference:
   J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 5 p.229 pl.7

Protonym:
  Nisaëtus Nipalensis

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/37188326


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  3F7CA21E74628ADA

Avibase ID:
  avibase-3F7CA21E

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/3F7CA21E


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 824098


NEAR THREATENED

Geographic range:

  • Nisaetus nipalensis nipalensis: India to e China, Taiwan, Indochina and Malay Peninsula
  • Nisaetus nipalensis orientalis: Japan
  • Nisaetus kelaarti: SW India (Western Ghats) and Sri Lanka
English:
Mountain or Legge's Hawk-Eagle
French:
Aigle montagnard ou A. de Legge


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Mountain or Legge's Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [nipalensis or kelaarti])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Mountain or Legge's Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus [nipalensis or kelaarti])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Mountain or Legge's Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus [nipalensis or kelaarti])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Mountain or Legge's Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [nipalensis or kelaarti])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Mountain or Legge's Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [nipalensis or kelaarti])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Mountain or Legge's Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [nipalensis or kelaarti])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Mountain or Legge's Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [nipalensis or kelaarti])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Mountain or Legge's Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [nipalensis or kelaarti])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Mountain or Legge's Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [nipalensis or kelaarti])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6b (Jul 2022):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Aigle montagnard ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Aigle montagnard ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Hodgson's Hawk Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Hodgson's Hawk Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Mountain Hawk Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Mountain Hawk Eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Mountain Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Mountain Hawk Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Spizaetus nipalensis [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Spizaëtus nipalensis [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Spizaetus nipalensis [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Mountain Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus nipalensis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Spizaetus nipalensis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Catalan: Àguila de muntanya
Czech: Orel Hodgsonuv, orel horský
Danish: Bjerghøgeørn
German: Bergadler, Berghaubenadler, Nepalhaubenadler
English: Feather-toed Hawk-Eagle, Hodgson's Feather-toed Hawk Eagle, Hodgson's Hawk Eagle, Hodgson's Hawk-Eagle, Mountain Hawk Eagle, Mountain Hawk-Eagle, Mountain or Legge's Hawk-Eagle
Esperanto: Monta nizaglo
Spanish: Águila Azor Montañés, Águila montañesa, Aguila-azor Montańesa, Aguila-azor Montañesa, Águila-azor Montañesa
Estonian: mägi-tuttkotkas
Finnish: Mahtijalokotka
French: Aigle montagnard, Aigle montagnard ou A. de Legge, Spizaète d'Hodgson, Spizaète montagnard, Spizaète ordinaire
Hungarian: hegyi vitézsas
Italian: Aquilastore montano, Spizaeto di Hudgson
Japanese (romaji): kumataka, Kuma-taka
Japanese: クマタカ
Japanese (Kanji): 熊鷹
Korean: 뿔매
Korean (Transliteration): ppul-mae
Scientific: Nisaetus [nipalensis or kelaarti], Nisaetus nipalensis, Nisaëtus Nipalensis, Nisaetus nipalensis nipalensis, Spizaetus [nipalensis or kelaarti], Spizaetus nipalensis, Spizaëtus nipalensis, Spizaetus nipalensis nipalensis
Lithuanian: Kalninis peslinis erelis
Mongolian: Уулын согсоотбүргэд
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠠᠭᠣᠯᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠣᠭᠰᠣᠭᠠᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠬᠦᠬᠦᠯᠲᠦ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Хөхөлт бүргэд
Mongolian (Transliteration): khökhölt bürged, uuliŋ sogsoot-bürged
Malay: Burung Hindik Lang Gunung, Burung Lang Gunung
Nepali: पहाडी शदलचील
Dutch: Aziatische Kuifarend
Norwegian: Fjellskogørn
Polish: wojownik górski
Pinyin: hè-shì jiǎo yīng, xióng-yīng, yīng-diāo
Portuguese: Gavião-montês
Russian: Восточный хохлатый орёл, Горный Хохлатый Орел, Горный хохлатый орёл, Горый хохлатый орел, Орел хохлатый, Хохлатый орел, Хохлатый орёл
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Hela Kondakussa
Slovak: orlovec hnedosivý
Swedish: Berghökörn
Thai: เหยี่ยวภูเขา
Thai (Transliteration): yìaw pʰuu-kʰăw
Ukrainian: Орел-чубань гірський
Vietnamese: Chim Diều núi, Diều núi
Chinese: 熊鷹, 赫氏角鹰, 鷹鵰, 鹰, 鹰雕, 鹰鵰
Chinese (Traditional): 赫氏角鷹, 鷹鵰, 鹰鵰
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 熊鷹
Chinese (Taiwan): 熊鹰

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