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Brown-backed Needletail
Hirundapus giganteus (Temminck, 1825)
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Order:
  Apodiformes
Family:
  Apodidae
Genus:
  Hirundapus

Scientific:
  Hirundapus giganteus

Citation:
  (Temminck, 1825)

Reference:
  Pl.Col. livr.61 pl.364

Protonym:
  Cypselus giganteus

Avibase ID:
  468C27AD03B58EF2

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/468C27AD

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 554987

Geographic range:

  • Hirundapus giganteus giganteus: Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas and Palawan
  • Hirundapus giganteus indicus: SW India and Sri Lanka; Bangladesh to SE Asia, Andaman Is.
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Brown-backed Needletail
Czech:
  rorýs hnědohřbetý
German:
  Eilsegler
Danish:
  Kæmpetornhalesejler
Spanish:
  Vencejo Gigante
Finnish:
  jymykiitäjä
French:
  Martinet géant
Italian:
  Rondone codaspinosa dorsobruno
Japanese:
  ooharioamatsubame
Japanese:
  オオハリオアマツバメ
Dutch:
  Reuzenstekelstaartgierzwaluw
Norwegian:
  Brunryggseiler
Polish:
  iglosternik wielki
Russian:
  Большой колючехвост
Slovak:
  srp veľký
Swedish:
  brunryggig taggstjärtseglare
Chinese:
  褐背针尾雨燕


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Martinet géant ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Martinet géant ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
   Brown Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Brown Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Brown-backed Needletail ( Hirundapus giganteus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Hirundapus giganteus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Hirundapus giganteus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Hirundapus [giganteus or celebensis] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 


Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Bengali: খয়রাপিঠ সুইবাতাসি
Catalan: Falciot cuaespinós gegant
Czech: rorýs hnědohřbetý, Rorýs hnedý
Danish: Kæmpetornhalesejler
German: Eilsegler
English: Brown backed Needletail, Brown Needletail, Brown Spinetailed Swift, Brown Spine-tailed Swift, Brown-backed Needletail, Giant Needletail, Giant Spinetail Swift, Large Brown-throated Spinetail Swi, Large Brown-throated Spinetail Swift, Malaysian Spine-tailed Swift
Spanish: Rabitojo de Espalda Castaña, Vencejo Gigante
Spanish (Spain): Vencejo Gigante
Estonian: suur-kammsaba
Finnish: Jymykiitäjä
French: Martinet géant
Hungarian: maláj sarlósfecske
Indonesian: Burung Kapinis-jarum Gedang, Kapinis jarum cocklat, Kapinisjarum Gedang, Kapinis-jarum gedang
Italian: Rondone codaspinosa bruno, Rondone codaspinosa dorsobruno
Japanese: ō hari-o ama-tsubame, ooharioamatsubame
Japanese: オオハリオアマツバメ
Japanese (Kanji): 大針尾雨燕
Latin: Chaetura gigantea, Cypselus giganteus, Hirundapus gigantea, Hirundapus giganteus, Hirund-apus giganteus, Hirundapus giganteus giganteus
Lithuanian: Didysis hirundapas
Malayalam: വലിയ മുൾവാലൻ ശരപ്പക്ഷി, വലിയ  മുള്‍വാലന്‍ ശരപ്പക്ഷി 
Malay: Burung Layang-layang Besar, Burung Layang-layang Ekor Runcing Biasa, Layang-Layang Besar
Dutch: Reuzenstekelstaartgierzwaluw
Norwegian: Brunryggseiler
Polish: iglosternik wielki, igłosternik wielki, Jerzyk wielki
Pinyin: hè-bèi zhēn-wěi yǔ-yàn, hè-hóu zhēn-wěi yǔ-yàn
Russian: Большой колючехвост, Стриж бурый иглохвостый
Slovak: srp veľký
Swedish: Brun taggstjärtseglare, brunryggig taggstjärtseglare
Thai: นกแอ่นใหญ่หัวตาขาว
Thai (Transliteration): nók àeen yày hŭa-taa-kʰăaw
Vietnamese: Chim Yến đuôi cứng lớn, Chim Yến lưng nâu, Yến đuôi cứng lớn
Chinese: 褐喉针尾雨燕, 褐背针尾雨燕
Chinese (Traditional): 褐喉針尾雨燕, 褐背針尾雨燕

 

         

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