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Smooth-billed Ani

Crotophaga ani Linnaeus, 1758

Related taxa:
Partial list of sound recordings available from xeno-canto, macaulaylibrary.org & avocet.zoology.msu.edu.
Species name Recordist Date Location Remarks Cat.nr.
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani leanne grieves 2012-10-01 Cabo Rojo, Llanos Costa, Cabo Rojo, Cabo Rojo (Puerto Rico) (10 m) call, chorus -

The ahnee chorus is a string of vocalizations produced by groups before leaving their communal roost in the morning. The chorus typically begins with a repeated ahnee call from one individual and continues as the other group members join in with overlapping ahnees. The ahnee chorus may also contain grunt, whine and hoot calls. Ani groups often chorus several times before leaving the roost, and chorusing bouts can vary in duration and in the number of call types made, but we do not know whether differences in bout duration or structure are biologically meaningful. The average chorus duration measured in this study was 6.9 - 27 s. This call has also been referred to as the 'get up' call (Davis, 1940, Auk, 57).

File description: Example of an ahnee chorus initiated with ahnee calls from a single individual, followed by multiple group members joining in with grunt, ahnee, and whine calls.

bird-seen:yes

playback-used:no

171405
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Paul Marvin 2016-04-22 Arthur R. Mitchell Loxahatchee Natonal Wildlife Refuge, Palm Beach, Florida, Palm Beach (United States) (10 m) flight call -

pair in flight

bird-seen:yes

playback-used:no

316264
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Nick Komar 2016-11-10 Parque Ecologico do Tiete, Guarulhos, São Paulo, São Paulo (Brazil) (750 m) song -

Recording filtered for clarity.

bird-seen:yes

playback-used:no

342582
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani leanne grieves 2012-10-01 Cabo Rojo, Llanos Costa, Cabo Rojo, Cabo Rojo (Puerto Rico) (10 m) call, nest-associated -

The ee-oo-ee is an uncommon call. All of our observations of ee-oo-ees occurred at the nest and in the nest tree when chicks were present.

bird-seen:yes

playback-used:no

171392
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Rosendo Fraga 26-09-01 San Miguel Potrero, Itapua, Paraguay (Paraguay) (? m) song (A) - From Birds Sounds of Southern South America by Lopez-Lanus (2008) 49055
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani leanne grieves 2012-10-01 Cabo Rojo, Llanos Costa, Cabo Rojo, Cabo Rojo (Puerto Rico) (10 m) aggressive, call -

Hoots are primarily associated with chases. Chasing is an aggressive behaviour that occurs when a group or a lone bird enters another group’s territory. Chasing is accompanied by a predictable suite of vocalizations including hoots, grunts, and whines (see below). Typically, one to several birds chase a single bird. While resting between bouts of chasing, the chased bird and the chasing bird will often hoot back and forth. Hooting typically ends when one bird, typically the bird being chased, retreats. Hooting bouts can also end in attacks and fighting between the hooting birds. Hoots are also sometimes made in the roost tree, both at dawn and dusk, and may involve hooting back and forth between group members, or a single bird hooting with other group members whining or grunting in response. Hoots are also referred to as 'conk' calls (Davis, 1940, Auk, 57).

bird-seen:yes

playback-used:no

171399
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Bernabe Lopez-Lanus 30-06-2005 Serrania de Acambuco, Tartagal, Salta, Argentina (Argentina) (? m) Call (A) -   48719
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Eric DeFonso 2011-05-19 Yacumama, San Martin, San Martín (Peru) (800 m) song -

same bird and session as XC122246. this cut features the same song delivered a bit more urgently. perched on a snag in the grassy area

bird-seen:yes

playback-used:no

122247
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Eric DeFonso 2011-05-19 Yacumama, San Martin, San Martín (Peru) (800 m) song -

perched on a snag in the grassy area

bird-seen:yes

playback-used:no

122246
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Robson Silva e Silva 2017-06-23 Ferreira Gomes, Amapá, Amapá (Brazil) (70 m) song -

bird-seen:yes

playback-used:no

377198
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Rosendo Manuel Fraga 2002-09-04 Ilha da Marchantaria, Iranduba, State of Amazonas, Iranduba (Brazil) (10 m) adult, alarm call, sex uncertain -

Alarm calls of 2-3 perched birds.

bird-seen:yes

playback-used:no

607627
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Albert Lastukhin 2011-03-01 Bolívar, Barinas, Barinas (Venezuela) (800 m) call, song -

bird-seen:yes

playback-used:no

387845
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Paul Coopmans 2002-03-00 El Oro: upper Buenaventura reserve, El Oro (Ecuador) (900 m) calls -

Single bird

playback-used:no

264427
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Alexandre Renaudier ?-?-? Awala-Yalimapo, digue, French Guiana (French Guiana) (2 m) call (A) - natural recording 44120
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Bernabe Lopez-Lanus ??-??-yyyy Estancia La Sombrilla, Canal Parana, Los Amores, SantaFe, Argentina (Argentina) (? m) Call (A) -   48720
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani JAYRSON ARAUJO DE OLIVEIRA 2018-01-16 Reserva do Setor Sítio de Recreio Caraíbas-Goiânia, Goiás, Goiás (Brazil) (750 m) song -

bird-seen:yes

playback-used:no

401625
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Leonardo Ordóñez-Delgado 2011-11-01 Bosque Protector Colonso, Tena - Napo, Napo (Ecuador) (800 m) Alarm Call (A) -   94278
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Nathan Pieplow 30/12/2006 road to Rio Cuyuni east of Tumeremo, Bolivar, Venezuela (Venezuela) (? m) call (A) -   11656
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Peter Boesman 2002-08-04 Laguna Unare, Anzoategui, Anzoátegui (Venezuela) (0 - 20 m) call -

ID certainty 100%. (Archiv. tape 159 side A track 36 seq. A)

221778
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Rosendo Fraga 14-06-98 Estancia San Juan Poriahu, Corrientes, Argentina (Argentina) (? m) song (A) - From Birds Sounds of Southern South America by Lopez-Lanus (2008) 49054
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani leanne grieves 2012-10-01 Cabo Rojo, Llanos Costa, Cabo Rojo, Cabo Rojo (Puerto Rico) (10 m) call -

The chlurr is a common call, typically associated with movement or a change in activity. Chlurrs are often produced by multiple group members when two or more individuals are perched together, but are also produced by anis perched alone.

bird-seen:yes

playback-used:no

171390
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Oswaldo Cortes 2013-03-04 Puerto Lopez, Meta, Meta (Colombia) (170 m) song -

bird-seen:yes

playback-used:no

127226
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Paul Marvin 2015-07-18 Arthur R. Mitchell Loxahatchee Natonal Wildlife Refuge, Palm Beach, Florida, Palm Beach (United States) (10 m) call, flight call -

-flew towards ani behind me, second ani heard also

-in trees along canal surrounded by marsh

bird-seen:yes

playback-used:no

269046
xeno-canto.org
Smooth-billed Ani - Crotophaga ani Paul Smith 21/03/2007 PROCOSARA, PN San Rafael, Itapúa (Paraguay) (300 m) calls (A) -   13551
xeno-canto.org
Note: a maximum of 20 records are shown. For more recordings of this species, as well as maps, sonograms, and advanced searches, please visit xeno-canto, macaulaylibrary.org & avocet.zoology.msu.edu.

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