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Mediterranean or Turkestan Short-toed Lark

Alaudala [rufescens or heini] (= Alaudala rufescens) (Vieillot, LJP 1819)

The Mediterranean short-toed lark is a small passerine bird found in and around the Mediterranean Basin. It is a common bird with a very wide range from Canary Islands north to the Iberian Peninsula and east throughout North Africa to parts of the Middle East. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being of "least concern". Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Alaudidae
Genus:
   Alaudala
Scientific:
  Alaudala rufescens


Original description

Citation:
  (Vieillot, LJP 1819)

Reference:
   Tabl. Encycl. Méth. Nat. Orn. 1 p.322

Protonym:
  A[lauda] rufescens

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/19431087


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  47F3CA1869E3C1FB

Avibase ID:
  avibase-47F3CA18

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/47F3CA18


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 558985

Geographic range:

  • Alaudala rufescens [rufescens or polatzeki]: Canary Islands (Tenerife, where perhaps extirpated, Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura and Lanzarote)
  • Alaudala rufescens [minor or nicolli]: northern Africa (from Morocco east to Egypt) and from southern Turkey south to the Sinai Peninsula and east to Iraq
  • Alaudala rufescens apetzii: S Iberian Peninsula
  • Alaudala heinei [heinei or pseudobaetica]: breeds from Ukraine and eastern Turkey east to eastern Kazakhstan and (disjunctly?) to southern Mongolia; wintering in the Middle East and southwestern Asia
  • Alaudala heinei persica: S Iraq and Iran to se Afghanistan
  • Alaudala heinei [aharonii or niethammeri]: breeds central Turkey (Anatolian high plateau); partially migratory, wintering to central Syria
  • Show more...
English:
Mediterranean or Turkestan Short-toed Lark
Czech:
skřivánek menší/turkestánský
Danish:
Dværglærke/Turkestan Korttået Lærke
German:
Stummellerche/Heinestummellerche
Spanish:
Terrera Marismeña/Pálida
Spanish (Spain):
Terrera marismeña/pálida
French:
Alouette pispolette ou A. de Heine
Norwegian:
flekkdverglerke
Slovak:
škovránok malý/Heineho


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Mediterranean or Turkestan Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala [rufescens or heini])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Lesser Short-toed Lark [incl. niethammeri] ( Alaudala rufescens [incl. niethammeri])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Lesser Short-toed Lark [incl. niethammeri] ( Alaudala rufescens [incl. niethammeri])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Lesser Short-toed Lark [incl. niethammeri] ( Alaudala rufescens [incl. niethammeri])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Lesser Short-toed Lark [incl. niethammeri] ( Alaudala rufescens [incl. niethammeri])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Mediterranean or Turkestan Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala [rufescens or heini])
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens) [version 4]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens) [version 4]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens) [version 4]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens) [version 4]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens) [version 4]
Clements, version 2016:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 4]
Clements, version 2017:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 4]
Clements, version 2018:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 4]
Clements, version 2019:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 4]
eBird version 2016:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Mediterranean/Turkestan Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens/heinei)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella rufescens) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Lesser Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala rufescens) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

This taxon is a subspecies of Alaudala [rufescens, heini or cheleensis]

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4  5 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Arabic: القبرة الصغيرة, قبرة قصيرة الاصابع صغيرة
Asturian: Terreriega les marismes
Azerbaijani: Boz torağayı, Kiçik torağay
Belarusian: Шэры жаўрук
Bulgarian: Сива чучулига
Breton: Kodioc'h-palud
Catalan: terrerola rogenca
Catalan (Balears): Terrola de prat
Czech: skřivánek menší, skřivánek menší/turkestánský
Welsh: Ehedydd llwyd bach, Ehedydd llwyd lleiaf
Danish: Dværglærke, Dværglærke/Turkestan Korttået Lærke
German: Stummellerche, Stummellerche/Heinestummellerche
Greek: Γραμμωτή Μικρογαλιάντρα, Μικρογαλιάντρα της Ερήμου
Greek (Cypriot): Στικτοτρασιηλούδα
English: Lesser Short-toed Lark, Lesser Short-toed Lark [incl. niethammeri], Mediterranean or Turkestan Short-toed Lark, Mediterranean/Turkestan Short-toed Lark
English, HBW: Lesser Short-toed Lark (Lesser)
English (IOC): Lesser Short-toed Lark, Mediterranean/Turkestan Short-toed Lark
English (United States): Lesser Short-toed Lark, Mediterranean/Turkestan Short-toed Lark
Esperanto: Malgranda alaŭdo
Spanish: Terrera marismeña, Terrera marismeña [Grupo rufescens], Terrera Marismeña/Pálida
Spanish (Spain): Terrera Marismeña, Terrera marismeña/pálida
Spanish (HBW): Terrera marismeña [Grupo rufescens]
Estonian: kõnnu-väikelõoke
Basque: Txoriandre pispoleta, Txoriandre pispoleta mediterranearra/turkestandarra
Persian: چکاوک پنجه کوتاه کوچک
Finnish: pikkukiuru
Faroese: Smálerkur
French: Alouette pispolette, Alouette pispolette (rufescens), Alouette pispolette [incl. niethammeri], Alouette pispolette ou A. de Heine
Frisian: Lytse koartteanljurk
Irish: MionFhuiseog Ladharghearr
Galician: Calandriña das marismas, Calandriña dos esteiros
Manx: Ushag vair-ghiare veg
Hebrew: עפרוני גמדי/טורקסטני, עפרונן גמדי
Croatian: španjolska ševa
Hungarian: csíkos szikipacsirta, Vörhenyes pacsirta
Armenian: Մոխրագույն արտույտ
Icelandic: Stúflævirki
Italian: Calandrina
Japanese (romaji): kohibari
Japanese: コヒバリ
Japanese (Kanji): 小雲雀
Georgian: მცირე მოკლეთითა ტოროლა
Kazakh: Сұр бозторғай
Kazakh (Transliteration): sur boz-torğay
Korean: 북방쇠종다리
Scientific: A[lauda] rufescens, Alauda rufescens, Alaudala [rufescens or heini], Alaudala rufescens, Alaudala rufescens [incl. niethammeri], Alaudala rufescens rufescens, Alaudala rufescens/heinei, Calandrella rufescens, Calandrella rufescens rufescens
Lithuanian: pilkasis trumpapirštis vieversys
Latvian: mazais cīrulis
Macedonian: Источна мала чучулига
Mongolian: Орог жиргэмэл
Mongolian (Transliteration): orog bor byalzuumar
Maltese: Bilbla Sekonda
Dutch: Kleine Kortteenleeuwerik
Norwegian Nynorsk: Flekkdverglerke
Norwegian: flekkdverglerke
Polish: skowrończyk mały
Pinyin: xiǎo duǎn-zhǐ bǎi-líng
Portuguese: calhandrinha-das-marismas
Portuguese (Portugal): Calhandrinha-das-marismas, calhandrinha-das-marismas/calhandrinha-do-turquestão
Romansh: lodola da la detta curta nanina
Rhaeto-Romance: Lodola da la detta curta nanina
Romanian: Ciocârlie mică
Russian: Серый жаворонок
Northern Sami: Uhcaleivvoš
Slovak: škovránka malá, škovránok malý, škovránok malý/Heineho
Slovenian: mali škrjanček
Albanian: Drenja gishtshkurtër
Serbian: Istočna mala ševa
Swedish: dvärglärka
Turkish: Çorak toygarı, Çorak Toygarı [rufescens Grubu], Tuzcul/Asya Çorak Toygarı
Ukrainian: Жайворонок сірий, Жайворонок сірий [група rufescens]
Chinese: 小短趾百灵
Chinese (Traditional): 小短趾百靈

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