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Virginia or Ecuadorian Rail

Rallus [limicola or aequatorialis] (= Rallus limicola) Vieillot, 1819

The Virginia rail is a small waterbird, of the family Rallidae. These birds remain fairly common despite continuing loss of habitat, but are secretive by nature and more often heard than seen. They are also considered a game species in some provinces and states, though rarely hunted. The Ecuadorian rail is often considered a subspecies, but some taxonomic authorities consider it distinct. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Gruiformes
Family:
  Rallidae
Genus:
   Rallus
Scientific:
  Rallus limicola


Original description

Citation:
  Vieillot, 1819

Reference:
  Nouv.Dict.Hist.Nat. p.558

Protonym:
  Rallus limicola

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/19430531


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  4880DC5532DFCFA4

Avibase ID:
  avibase-4880DC55

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/4880DC55


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176221

Geographic range:

  • Rallus limicola limicola: S Canada and US; winters to Baja and Guatemala
  • Rallus limicola friedmanni: SE Mexico (Puebla, México, Veracruz and Chiapas)
  • Rallus aequatorialis: Andes of southern Colombia and Ecuador, and coast of Peru (La Libertad to Arequipa)
English:
Virginia or Ecuadorian Rail
French:
Râle de Virginie ou R. d'Équateur


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus virginianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus virginianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus virginianus)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Virginia or Ecuadorian Rail ( Rallus [limicola or aequatorialis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Virginia or Ecuadorian Rail ( Rallus [limicola or aequatorialis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Virginia or Ecuadorian Rail ( Rallus [limicola or aequatorialis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Virginia or Ecuadorian Rail ( Rallus [limicola or aequatorialis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Virginia or Ecuadorian Rail ( Rallus [limicola or aequatorialis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Virginia or Ecuadorian Rail ( Rallus [limicola or aequatorialis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Virginia or Ecuadorian Rail ( Rallus [limicola or aequatorialis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Virginia or Ecuadorian Rail ( Rallus [limicola or aequatorialis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Virginia or Ecuadorian Rail ( Rallus [limicola or aequatorialis])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Râle de Virginie ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Râle de Virginie ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (20/02/2020):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/06/2020):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/08/2021):
Virginia Rail ( Rallus limicola) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Rallus limicola [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

This taxon is a subspecies of Rallus [limicola, aequatorialis or semiplumbeus]

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Catalan: Rascló de Virgínia
Czech: Chrástal virginský, chřástal virginský
Danish: Mudderrikse
German: Virginiaralle
English: Lesser Rail, Virginia or Ecuadorian Rail, Virginia Rail, Virginian rail
English, HBW: Virginia Rail
English (IOC): Virginia/Ecuadorian Rail
English (United States): Virginia Rail
Esperanto: Virginia ralo
Spanish: Gallinuela de Virginia, Gallito deVirginia, Rascón Cara Gris, Rascón Chico, Rascón de Nariño, Rascón de Virginia, Rascón Limícola
Spanish (Colombia): Rascón de Nariño
Spanish (Cuba): Gallinuela de Virginia
Spanish (Ecuador): Rascón de Virginia
Spanish (Spain): Rascón de Virginia
Spanish (HBW): Virginia Rail
Spanish (Mexico): Rascón Cara Gris, Rascón de Virginia, rascón limícola
Spanish (Peru): Rascón Menor
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Pollo de Virginia
Estonian: paduruik
Finnish: Amerikanluhtakana, räikkäluhtakana
French: Râle de Virginie, Râle de Virginie ou R. d'Équateur
Croatian: Virdžinijska kokošica
Hungarian: Amerikai guvat, virginiai guvat
Icelandic: Dalarella
Italian: Porciglione della Virginia, Rallo della Virginia
Japanese (romaji): koonikuina
Japanese: コオニクイナ
Scientific: Rallus [limicola or aequatorialis], Rallus limicola, Rallus limicola limicola, Rallus virginianus
Lithuanian: Virdžininė vandeninė vištelė
Dutch: Virginiaral, Virginia-ral
Norwegian Nynorsk: Grynterikse
Norwegian: Grynterikse
Polish: wodnik blotny, Wodnik błotny
Portuguese: Saracura-de-peito-laranja
Portuguese (Portugal): frango-d'água-virginiano
Russian: Виргинский пастушок, центральноамериканский пастушок
Slovak: chriašteľ hnedý
Serbian: Virdžinijski petlovan
Swedish: Virginiarall, virginiarall/ecuadorrall
Turkish: Virjinya sukılavuzu
Ukrainian: Пастушок віргинський
Chinese: 弗吉尼亚秧鸡
Chinese (Traditional): 維吉尼亞秧雞

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