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Common or Green Pheasant

Phasianus [colchicus or versicolor] (= Phasianus colchicus) Linnaeus, C 1758

The common pheasant is a bird in the pheasant family (Phasianidae). The genus name comes from Latin phasianus, "pheasant". The species name colchicus is Latin for "of Colchis", a country on the Black Sea where pheasants became known to Europeans. Although Phasianus was previously thought to be closely related to the genus Gallus, the genus of junglefowl and domesticated chickens, recent studies show that they are in different subfamilies, having diverged over 20 million years ago. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Galliformes
Family:
  Phasianidae
Genus:
   Phasianus
Scientific:
  Phasianus colchicus


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, C 1758

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.158

Protonym:
  Phasianus colchicus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727065


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  4B9EEF568857FB51

Avibase ID:
  avibase-4B9EEF56

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/4B9EEF56


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175905

Geographic range:

  • Phasianus colchicus colchicus: eastern Georgia to northeastern Azerbaijan, southern Armenia and northwestern Iran. Pheasants representing a mixture of colchicus, torquatus, and other subspecies now are widely introduced around the world, including across Europe, on New Zealand, the Hawaiian Islands, North America, and South America (southern Chile)
  • Phasianus colchicus septentrionalis: N Caucasus
  • Phasianus colchicus talischensis: SE Transcaucasia
  • Phasianus colchicus turcestanicus: southern Kazakhstan (Syr Darya Valley) southeast to the Fergana Basin in eastern Uzbekistan and the borders of Kyrgyzstan
  • Phasianus colchicus persicus: SW Transcaspia
  • Phasianus colchicus zerafschanicus: S Uzbekistan (Bukhara and Zerafshan Valley)
  • Phasianus colchicus zarudnyi: Turkestan (valleys of central Amudar'ya)
  • Phasianus colchicus bianchii: Turkestan (Amudar'ya delta)
  • Phasianus colchicus torquatus: E China (Shandong) to Vietnam border. Pheasants representing a mixture of colchicus, torquatus, and other subspecies now are widely introduced around the world, including across Europe, on New Zealand, the Hawaiian Islands, and North America
  • Phasianus colchicus formosanus: Taiwan
  • Phasianus colchicus satscheuensis: N-central China (extreme w Gansu)
  • Phasianus colchicus vlangalii: N-central China (n Qinghai)
  • Phasianus colchicus alaschanicus: north central China, in the foothills of the Helan (Alashan) Mountains
  • Phasianus colchicus sohokhotensis: N-central China (Sohokhoto Oasis and Qilian Shan)
  • Phasianus colchicus pallasi: SE Siberia and ne China
  • Phasianus colchicus karpowi: NE China (s Manchuria and n Liaoning) to Korea
  • Phasianus colchicus kiangsuensis: NE China (n Shanxi and Shaanxi) to se Mongolia
  • Phasianus colchicus strauchi: Central China (s Shaanxi and s Gansu)
  • Phasianus colchicus suehschanensis: W-central China (nw Sichuan)
  • Phasianus colchicus elegans: W-central China (w Sichuan)
  • Phasianus colchicus decollatus: Central China (Sichuan to Liaoning, ne Yunnan and Guizhou)
  • Phasianus colchicus rothschildi: SW China (e Yunnan) and n Vietnam
  • Phasianus colchicus takatsukasae: S China and n Vietnam
  • Phasianus colchicus tarimensis: E-central Chinese Turkestan
  • Phasianus colchicus shawii: Chinese Turkestan
  • Phasianus colchicus mongolicus: NE Russian Turkestan
  • Phasianus colchicus edzinensis: S-central Mongolia
  • Phasianus colchicus hagenbecki: NW Mongolia
  • Phasianus colchicus principalis: S Russian Turkestan and n Afghanistan
  • Phasianus colchicus chrysomelas: Turkestan (upper River Amudar'ya)
  • Phasianus versicolor [versicolor or tohkaidi]: Japan (sw Honshu and Kyushu). Pheasants of the polytypic group Ring-necked Pheasant (Green) Phasianus colchicus [versicolor Group] now are widely introduced around the world, including across Europe, on the Hawaiian Islands, and in North America
  • Phasianus versicolor robustipes: Japan (nw Honshu and Sado I.)
  • Phasianus versicolor tanensis: Japan (central Honshu) and Izu Islands
  • Show more...
English:
Common or Green Pheasant
French:
Faisan de Colchide ou F. versicolore


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Common or Green Pheasant ( Phasianus [colchicus or versicolor])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Common or Green Pheasant ( Phasianus [colchicus or versicolor])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Common or Green Pheasant ( Phasianus [colchicus or versicolor])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Common or Green Pheasant ( Phasianus [colchicus or versicolor])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Common or Green Pheasant ( Phasianus [colchicus or versicolor])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Common or Green Pheasant ( Phasianus [colchicus or versicolor])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Common or Green Pheasant ( Phasianus [colchicus or versicolor])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Common or Green Pheasant ( Phasianus [colchicus or versicolor])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Common or Green Pheasant ( Phasianus [colchicus or versicolor])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Phasianus colchicus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Phasianus colchicus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Phasianus colchicus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Common Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (20/02/2020):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/06/2020):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/08/2021):
Ring-necked Pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Asturian: Faisán, Faisán de la Cólquide
Azerbaijani: Adi qırqovul, Qırqovul
Belarusian: Бажан
Bulgarian: Колхидски фазан
Breton: Ar fazan-kolc'his
Catalan: Faisà, Faisà comú
Catalan (Balears): Faisà
Czech: Bažant obecný
Welsh: Ceiliog y coed, Coediar, Ffesant
Danish: Fasan
German: Fasan, Jagdfasan
Greek: (Κοινός) Φασιανός, Φασιανός
English: Chinese pheasant, Common or Green Pheasant, Common Pheasant, English pheasant, green pheasant, Japanese pheasant, Pheasant, Ring-necked Pheasant, Ring-necked/Green Pheasant
English (United Kingdom): Common Pheasant
English, HBW: Common/Green Pheasant
English (IOC): Common/Green Pheasant
English (UAE): Common Pheasant
English (United States): Ring-necked Pheasant
Esperanto: Fazano
Spanish: Faisán, faisán de collar, Faisán Vulgar
Spanish (Argentine): Faisán común
Spanish (Chile): Faisán, Faisán de collar
Spanish (Cuba): Faisán de collar
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Faisán
Spanish (Spain): Faisán Vulgar
Spanish (HBW): Ring-necked Pheasant
Spanish (Mexico): faisán de collar
Estonian: Faasan, faasan (jahifaasan)
Basque: Faisà, Faisai arrunta
Persian: قرقاول
Finnish: Fasaani
Faroese: Fasánur
French: faisan de chasse, Faisan de Colchide, Faisan de Colchide ou F. versicolore
Frisian: fazant
Irish: Piasún
Gaelic: An Easag, Easag
Galician: Faisà, Faisán, Faisán común
Haitian Creole French: Faisan
Hebrew: פסיון מצוי
Croatian: Fazan
Hungarian: Fácán
Armenian: [Pasian ], Անդրկավկասյան Փասիան, Անդրկովկասյան փասիան, Փասիան
Icelandic: Fashani
Italian: Fagiano, Fagiano comune
Japanese (romaji): kōrai kiji, kouraikiji, Kourai-kiji, kubi-wa kiji
Japanese: キジ, クビワキジ, コウライキジ
Japanese (Kanji): 首輪雉, 高麗雉
Georgian: კოლხური ხოხობი
Kazakh: Қырғауыл
Kazakh (Transliteration): qırğawıl
Korean:
Korean (Transliteration): kkwong
Cornish: Fesont
Scientific: Phasianus [colchicus or versicolor], Phasianus colchicus, Phasianus colchicus colchicus, Phasianus colchicus/versicolor
Luxembourgish: Fasan
Lithuanian: Fazanas, Medžiojamasis fazanas, Paprastasis fazanas
Latvian: fazans, Parastais fazāns
Macedonian: Ловен фазан, Фазан
Mongolian: Гургуул, Зэрлэг гургуул
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠵᠠᠷᠯᠢᠭ ᠭᠣᠷᠭᠣᠣᠯ
Mongolian (Buryat): Горгол
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠭᠣᠷᠭᠣᠣᠯ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Гургуул
Mongolian (Transliteration): gorgol, gurguul, zerleg gurguul
Malay: Burung Kuang Bayas
Dutch: Bosfazant, Fazant
Norwegian Nynorsk: Fasan
Norwegian: Fasan
Polish: bazant, bażant, bażant (zwyczajny), bażant zwyczajny
Pinyin: huán-jǐng zhì, jǐng-quān yě-jī, shān jī, yě-jī, zhì, zhì-jī
Portuguese: faisão
Portuguese (Portugal): Faisão, faisão-de-colar
Romansh: Fasan
Romanian: fazan
Russian: Fazan, Обыкновенный фазан, Фазан, Фазан обыкновенный
Slovak: Bažant obyčajný, bažant poľovný, obyčajný poľovný
Slovenian: fazan
Albanian: Fazan, Fazani
Serbian: Fazan, obicni fazan, obični fazan, Фазан
Swedish: Fasan, fasan/grön fasan
Thai: ไก่ฟ้าธรรมดา
Thai (Transliteration): kài-fáa tʰam-ma-daa
Turkmen: sülün
Turkish: Sülün, Қырғауыл
Ukrainian: Фазан
Vietnamese: Trĩ đỏ, Trĩ đỏ khoang cổ
Chinese: 山鸡, 环颈雉, 环颈雉/绿雉, 環頸雉, 野鸡, 雉, 雉雞, 雉鸡, 颈圈野鸡
Chinese (Traditional): 山雞, 環頸雉, 環頸雉/綠雉, 野雞, 雉, 雉雞, 頸圈野雞
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 環頸雉
Chinese (Taiwan): 环颈雉

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