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Sun Parakeet

Aratinga solstitialis (Linnaeus, 1758)

The sun parakeet, also known in aviculture as the sun conure, is a medium-sized, vibrantly colored parrot native to northeastern South America. The adult male and female are similar in appearance, with predominantly golden-yellow plumage and orange-flushed underparts and face. Sun parakeets are very social birds, typically living in flocks. They form monogamous pairs for reproduction, and nest in palm cavities in the tropics. Sun parakeets mainly feed on fruits, flowers, berries, blossoms, seeds, nuts, and insects. Conures are commonly bred and kept in aviculture and may live up to 30 years. This species is currently threatened by loss of habitat and trapping for plumage or the pet trade. Sun parakeets are now listed as endangered by the IUCN. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Psittaciformes
Family:
  Psittacidae
Genus:
   Aratinga
Scientific:
  Aratinga solstitialis


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.97

Protonym:
  Psittacus solstitialis

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727004


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  4D5DF222842B7088

Avibase ID:
  avibase-4D5DF222

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/4D5DF222


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 177689


ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Aratinga solstitialis: Guyana, Suriname and n Amazonian Brazil
English:
Sun Parakeet
Catalan:
Aratinga sol
Czech:
aratinga zlatý
Danish:
Solparakit
German:
Sonnensittich
Spanish:
Aratinga Sol
Spanish (Spain):
Aratinga Sol
Finnish:
aurinkoaratti
French:
Conure soleil
Croatian:
sunčana jandaja
Hungarian:
nappapagáj
Icelandic:
Glópáfi
Italian:
Parrocchetto del sole
Japanese (romaji):
koganemekishikoinko
Japanese:
コガネメキシコインコ
Lithuanian:
Geltonoji aratinga
Dutch:
Zonparkiet
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Solparakitt
Norwegian:
Solparakitt
Polish:
konura słoneczna
Portuguese:
jandaia-amarela
Portuguese (Brazil):
jandaia-amarela
Russian:
Солнечная аратинга
Slovak:
klinochvost zlatohlavý
Serbian:
Sunčana aratinga
Swedish:
solparakit
Ukrainian:
Аратинга золотистоперий
Chinese:
金黄鹦哥
Chinese (Traditional):
太陽鸚哥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Conure soleil ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (20/02/2020):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/06/2020):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/08/2021):
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Sun Parakeet ( Aratinga solstitialis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Aratinga solstitialis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Aratinga solstitialis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Aratinga [solstitialis or maculata] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Catalan: Aratinga sol
Czech: Aratinga slunecní, aratinga zlatý
Danish: Solparakit
German: Sonnensittich
English: Sun Conure, Sun Parakeet, Yellow Conure
English, HBW: Sun Parakeet
English (IOC): Sun Parakeet
English (United States): Sun Parakeet
Esperanto: Suna aratingo
Spanish: Aratinga Sol, Periquito Dorado
Spanish (Spain): Aratinga Sol
Spanish (HBW): Sun Parakeet
Spanish (Venezuela): Perico Dorado
Estonian: päikese-aratinga
Finnish: Aurinkoaratti
French: Conure soleil, Perriche soleil, Perruche soleil
Croatian: sunčana jandaja
Hungarian: nappapagáj
Icelandic: Glópáfi, Glópápi
Italian: Conuro del sole, Parrocchetto del sole
Japanese (romaji): koganemekishikoinko
Japanese: コガネメキシコインコ
Scientific: Aratinga solstitialis, Psittacus solstitialis
Lithuanian: Geltonoji aratinga
Dutch: Zonparkiet
Norwegian Nynorsk: Solparakitt
Norwegian: Solparakitt
Polish: konura sloneczna, Konura słoneczna
Portuguese: cacaoé, guaruba, Jandaia, jandaia-amarela, Jandaia-sol, quijuba
Portuguese (Brazil): cacaoé, guaruba, jandaia, Jandaia-amarela, jandaia-sol, quijuba
Portuguese (Portugal): Jandaia-amarela, periquitão-sol
Russian: Солнечная аратинга
Slovak: klinochvost zlatohlavý
Serbian: Sunčana aratinga
Swedish: Solparakit
Turkish: Güneş rengi papağan
Ukrainian: Аратинга золотистоперий
Chinese: 金黄鹦哥
Chinese (Traditional): 太陽鸚哥

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