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Square-tailed Nightjar

Caprimulgus fossii Hartlaub, KJG 1857

The square-tailed nightjar is a species of nightjar in the family Caprimulgidae which is native to tropical and subtropical woodlands of the Afrotropics. It has an extensive range south of the African equator. Despite not having a completely "square tail", its naming highlights a distinguishing field mark. The similarly plumaged slender-tailed nightjar, found in dry bush country of the tropics, differs namely by its protruding central tail feathers. It is alternatively known as the Gabon nightjar or Mozambique nightjar. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Caprimulgiformes
Family:
  Caprimulgidae
Genus:
   Caprimulgus
Scientific:
  Caprimulgus fossii


Original description

Citation:
  Hartlaub, KJG 1857

Reference:
   System Orn. Westafr.

Protonym:
  Caprimulgus Fossii

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/48048846


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  4FD242D01B5D5232

Avibase ID:
  avibase-4FD242D0

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/4FD242D0


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 555600

Geographic range:

  • Caprimulgus fossii fossii: Grassy savanna of Gabon and sw Congo
  • Caprimulgus fossii [welwitschii or mossambicus]: southern Democratic Republic of the Congo to Angola and eastern South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal); Zanzibar and Pemba islands
  • Caprimulgus fossii griseoplurus: Kalahari Desert and extreme n South Africa
English:
Square-tailed Nightjar
Catalan:
Enganyapastors de Fosse
Czech:
lelek gabonský
Danish:
Afrotropisk Natravn
German:
Gartennachtschwalbe
Spanish:
Chotacabras de Fosse
Spanish (Spain):
Chotacabras de Fosse
Finnish:
gaboninkehrääjä
French:
Engoulevent du Mozambique
Croatian:
gabonski leganj
Hungarian:
mozambiki lappantyú
Italian:
Succiacapre codaquadra
Japanese (romaji):
gabon'yotaka
Japanese:
ガボンヨタカ
Lithuanian:
Mozambikinis lėlys
Dutch:
Gabonnachtzwaluw
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Bantunatteramn
Norwegian:
Bantunattravn
Polish:
lelek klinosterny
Portuguese:
noitibó-de-moçambique
Russian:
Габонский козодой
Slovak:
lelek družný
Swedish:
bantunattskärra
Ukrainian:
Дрімлюга габонський
Chinese:
方尾夜鹰
Chinese (Traditional):
方尾夜鷹


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Engoulevent du Mozambique ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Engoulevent du Mozambique ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Gabon Nightjar ( Scotornis fossii) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Gabon Nightjar ( Scotornis fossii) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Gabon Nightjar ( Scotornis fossii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Gabon Nightjar ( Scotornis fossii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Mozambique Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Gabon Nightjar ( Scotornis fossii) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Square-tailed Nightjar ( Caprimulgus fossii) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Caprimulgus fossii [version 2]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Caprimulgus fossii [version 2]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Caprimulgus [climacurus, clarus or fossii] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Laeveldnaguil
Catalan: Enganyapastors de Fosse
Czech: Lelek gabonský
Danish: Afrotropisk Natravn
German: Gabunnachtschwalbe, Gartennachtschwalbe, Welwitschnachtschwalbe, Welwitsch-Nachtschwalbe
English: Gabon Nightjar, Gaboon Nightjar, Mozambique Nightjar, Square tailed Nightjar, Square-tailed Nightjar
English, HBW: Mozambique Nightjar
English (IOC): Square-tailed Nightjar
English (Kenya): Gabon Nightjar
English (United States): Square-tailed Nightjar
Esperanto: Kvadratvosta kaprimulgo
Spanish: Chotacabra de Mozambique, Chotacabras de Fosse
Spanish (Spain): Chotacabras de Fosse
Spanish (HBW): Square-tailed Nightjar
Estonian: kiilsaba-öösorr
Finnish: Gaboninkehrääjä
French: Engoulevent du Mozambique
Croatian: gabonski leganj
Hungarian: mozambiki lappantyú
Italian: Succiacapre codaquadra, Succiacapre del Gabon
Japanese (romaji): gabonyotaka, gabon'yotaka
Japanese: ガボンヨタカ, ガボン'ヨタカ
Scientific: Caprimulgus fossii, Caprimulgus fossii fossii, Scotornis fossii
Lithuanian: Mozambikinis lėlys
Dutch: Gabonnachtzwaluw
Norwegian Nynorsk: Bantunatteramn
Norwegian: Bantunattravn
Polish: lelek klinosterny, lelek sawannowy
Portuguese: Noitibó de Moçambique, Noitibó-de-moçambique
Portuguese (Portugal): noitibó-moçambicano
Russian: Габонский козодой
Slovak: lelek družný, lelek lúcochvostý
Shona: Datiwa
Siswant: Malwelwe
Swedish: Angolanattskärra, bantunattskärra
Swahili: Kirukanjia Kijivucheusi
Turkish: Mozambik çobanaldatanı
Tsonga: Kubhasti
Ukrainian: Дрімлюга габонський
Chinese: 方尾夜鹰
Chinese (Traditional): 方尾夜鷹

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