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Great Crested-Tern
Thalasseus bergii (Lichtenstein, MHC, 1823)
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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Thalasseus

Scientific:
  Thalasseus bergii

Citation:
  (Lichtenstein, MHC, 1823)

Reference:
  Verz.Doubl.Zool.Mus.Berlin p.80

Protonym:
  Sterna Bergii

Avibase ID:
  526978C4A16D3750

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/526978C4

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 824140

Geographic range:

  • Thalasseus bergii [bergii or enigma]: coastal southern Africa (Namibia to Mozambique)
  • Thalasseus bergii velox: Red Sea and nw Somalia to Maldives, Myanmar and Sri Lanka
  • Thalasseus bergii cristatus: Ryukyu Islands and southeastern China to the Philippines, the Sunda Islands, Wallacea, New Guinea, Australia, and the tropical Pacific Ocean (to southeastern Polynesia)
  • Thalasseus bergii thalassinus: breeds Tanzania, Seychelles, Aldabra, Rodrigues I., and northern Madagascar; disperses north to Somalia, and south to southern Madagascar
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Great Crested-Tern
Czech:
  rybák chocholatý
German:
  Eilseeschwalbe
Danish:
  Bergius-terne
Spanish:
  Charrán Piquigualdo
Finnish:
  töyhtötiira
French:
  Sterne huppée
Icelandic:
  Boðaþerna
Italian:
  Sterna di Bergius
Japanese:
  ooajisashi
Japanese:
  オオアジサシ
Dutch:
  Grote Kuifstern
Norwegian:
  Hinduterne
Polish:
  rybitwa zlotodzioba
Portuguese:
  Gaivina-de-bico-amarelo
Russian:
  Крачка Берга
Slovak:
  rybár rýchly
Swedish:
  tofstärna
Chinese:
  大凤头燕鸥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Great Crested-Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Great Crested-Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Great Crested-Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Great Crested-Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Great Crested-Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Great Crested-Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Great Crested-Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Great Crested-Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Great Crested-Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Great Crested-Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
   Great Crested-Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
   Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Sterne huppée ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Sterne huppée ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
   Great Crested-Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
   Great Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
   Swift Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
   Swift Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
   Swift Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
   Swift Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
   Swift Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
   Swift Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
   Swift Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
   Swift Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
   Swift Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
   Swift Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
   Swift Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
   Swift Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
   Swift Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
   Swift Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
   Greater Crested Tern ( Thalasseus bergii) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Great Crested-Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
   Great Crested Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
    Thalasseus bergii [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
    Thalasseus bergii [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Thalasseus bergii [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Great Crested-Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Great Crested-Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Great Crested-Tern ( Sterna bergii) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Thalasseus bergii [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Thalasseus bergii [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other related concepts
Other synonyms

Afrikaans: Geelbekseeswael, Geelbekseeswael (Geelbeksterretjie), Geelbeksterretjie
Arabic: الخرشنة الخطافية
Bengali: বড় টিকিপানচিল
Catalan: Xatrac reial becgroc
Czech: Rybák chocholatý
Danish: Bergiusterne, Bergius-terne
German: Eilseeschwalbe
Maldivian: Great Crested Tern
English: Crested Tern, Great Crested Tern, Great Crested-Tern, Great-crested Tern, Greater Crested Tern, Greater Crested-Tern, Large Crested Tern, Swift Tern
English (Australia): Crested Tern
English (Kenya): Swift Tern
English (South Africa): Swift Tern
Spanish: Charrán Piquigualdo, Gaviotín Crestado
Spanish (Spain): Charrán Piquigualdo
Estonian: tanutiir
Persian: پرستودریایی کاکلی بزرگ
Finnish: Töyhtötiira
French: Sterne huppée
Hebrew: צהובת מקור, שחפית ברג, שחפית צהובת־מקור, שחפית צהובת-מקור
Hungarian: üstökös csér
Indonesian: Burung Dara Laut Jambul Besar, Burung Dara-laut Jambul, Dara laut jambul besar, Daralaut Jambul, Dara-laut jambul
Icelandic: Boðaþerna
Italian: Beccapesci veloce, Sterna crestata, Sterna di Bergius
Japanese: ō aji-sashi, ō-aji-sashi, Oh-ajisashi, ooajisashi, Oo-ajisashi
Japanese: オオアジサシ
Japanese (Kanji): 大鯵刺
Korean: 큰제비갈매기
Latin: Sterna bergii, Thalasseus bergii, Thalasseus bergii bergii
Lithuanian: Kuoduotoji žuvėdra
Latvian: lielais cekulzīriņš
Malagasy: Samby
Malayalam: വലിയ കടലാള, വലിയ  കടല്‍  ആള 
Malay: Burung Camar Berjambul Besar, Burung Camar Besar, Burung Camar Besar Berjambul, Camar Besar Berjambul
Dutch: Grote kuifstern
Norwegian: Hinduterne
Polish: rybitwa zlotodzioba, rybitwa złotodzioba
Pinyin: dà fèng-tóu yàn-ōu, fèng-tóu yàn-ōu
Portuguese: Gaivina-de-bico-amarelo, Garajau-de-bico-amarelo
Portuguese (Portugal): Garajau-de-bico-amarelo
Russian: Крачка Берга
Sindhi: د شَٕ ىً اٍي يي ٽبٽڄي ث ٿٍِ
Slovak: Rybár rýchly
Slovenian: čopasta čigra
Serbian: Južna čigra
Swedish: Tofstärna
Swahili: Shakwe Kishungi Mkubwa
Thai: นกนางนวลแกลบหงอนใหญ่
Thai (Transliteration): nók naaŋ-nuan-klàeep ŋŏaan yày
Turkish: büyük tepeli sumru
Tahitian: tarapapa
Vietnamese: Chim Nhàn mào, Chim Nhàn mào lớn, Nhàn mào
Chinese: 大凤头燕鸥, 大鳳頭燕鷗, 鳳頭燕鷗
Chinese (Traditional): 大鳳頭燕鷗, 鳳頭燕鷗
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 鳳頭燕鷗
Chinese (Taiwan): 凤头燕鸥

 

         

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