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Purple-backed Fairywren

Malurus assimilis North, AJ 1901

The purple-backed fairywren is a fairywren that is native to Australia. Described by Alfred John North in 1901, it has four recognised subspecies. In a species that exhibits sexual dimorphism, the brightly coloured breeding male has chestnut shoulders and azure crown and ear coverts, while non-breeding males, females and juveniles have predominantly grey-brown plumage, although females of two subspecies have mainly blue-grey plumage. Distributed over much of the Australian continent, the purple-backed fairywren is found in scrubland with plenty of vegetation providing dense cover. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Maluridae
Genus:
   Malurus
Scientific:
  Malurus assimilis


Original description

Citation:
  North, AJ 1901

Reference:
   Victorian Nat. 18 p.29

Protonym:
  Malurus assimilis

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/9727316


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  549957F44E89DF6D

Avibase ID:
  avibase-549957F4

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/549957F4


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 713636

Geographic range:

  • Malurus assimilis assimilis: interior of Australia, extending to coasts in western Western Australia
  • Malurus assimilis bernieri: western Australia (Bernier Island, Western Australia)
  • Malurus assimilis rogersi: northern Australia (Kimberley region in northeastern Western Australia)
  • Malurus assimilis dulcis: northern Australia (central Arnhem Land in northern Northern Territory)
English:
Purple-backed Fairywren
Danish:
Purpurrygget Alfesmutte
German:
Purpurrücken-Staffelschwanz
Spanish:
Maluro Dorsimorado
Spanish (Spain):
Maluro dorsimorado
French:
Mérion violacé
Japanese:
ムナグロオーストラリアムシクイ
Dutch:
Roestschouderelfje
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Svartbrystalvesmett
Norwegian:
Purpurhodealvesmett
Polish:
chwostka pyszna
Portuguese:
fadinha-violácea
Russian:
Красноспинный малюр
Slovak:
zamatovec fialový
Serbian:
Vilinski carić ljubičastih leđa
Swedish:
purpurryggig blåsmyg
Ukrainian:
малюр австралійський
Chinese:
紫背细尾鹩莺


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Purple-backed Fairy-wren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Purple-backed Fairy-wren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Purple-backed Fairy-wren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6b (Jul 2022):
Purple-backed Fairy-wren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Purple-backed Fairywren ( Malurus assimilis) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Malurus [lamberti or assimilis] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Danish: Purpurrygget Alfesmutte
German: Purpurrücken-Staffelschwanz
English: Purple-backed Fairywren, Purple-backed Fairy-wren, Variegated Fairywren
English, HBW: Variegated Fairy-wren (Purple-backed Fairy-wren)
English (IOC): Purple-backed Fairywren
English (United States): Purple-backed Fairywren
Spanish: Maluro Dorsimorado, Maluro Variegado
Spanish (Spain): Maluro dorsimorado
Spanish (HBW): Variegated Fairywren
French: Mérion de Lambert (violacé), Mérion violacé
Japanese: ムナグロオーストラリアムシクイ
Scientific: Malurus assimilis, Malurus assimilis assimilis, Malurus lamberti assimilis
Dutch: Roestschouderelfje
Norwegian Nynorsk: Svartbrystalvesmett
Norwegian: Purpurhodealvesmett
Polish: chwostka pyszna
Portuguese: fadinha-violácea
Portuguese (Portugal): fadinha-de-dorso-púrpura
Russian: Красноспинный малюр
Slovak: zamatovec fialový
Serbian: Vilinski carić ljubičastih leđa
Swedish: brokblåsmyg, purpurryggig blåsmyg
Turkish: Mavi sırtlı peribülbülü
Ukrainian: малюр австралійський
Chinese: 紫背细尾鹩莺

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