Welcome Guest

Western Gull

Larus occidentalis Audubon, 1839

The western gull is a large white-headed gull that lives on the west coast of North America. It was previously considered conspecific with the yellow-footed gull of the Gulf of California. The western gull ranges from British Columbia, Canada to Baja California, Mexico. Source: Wikipedia




(0 votes)
Photo powered by flickr.com.


Classification
Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
   Larus
Scientific:
  Larus occidentalis


Original description

Citation:
  Audubon, 1839

Reference:
  Orn.Biogr. p.320

Protonym:
  Larus occidentalis

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33240318


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  575A3E3BE9C9F93B

Avibase ID:
  avibase-575A3E3B

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/575A3E3B


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176817

Geographic range:

  • Larus occidentalis occidentalis: Pacific coast of British Columbia to central California
  • Larus occidentalis wymani: Central California (Monterey Bay) to s Baja California
English:
Western Gull
Catalan:
Gavià occidental
Czech:
racek západní
Danish:
Amerikansk Svartbag
German:
Westmöwe
Spanish:
Gaviota Occidental
Spanish (Spain):
Gaviota Occidental
Finnish:
amerikanmerilokki
French:
Goéland d'Audubon
Croatian:
obalni galeb
Hungarian:
nyugati sirály
Icelandic:
Ránmáfur
Italian:
Gabbiano occidentale
Japanese (romaji):
amerikaoosegurokamome
Japanese:
アメリカオオセグロカモメ
Lithuanian:
Vakarinis kiras
Dutch:
Californische Meeuw
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Kaliforniasvartbak
Norwegian:
Kaliforniasvartbak
Polish:
mewa zachodnia
Portuguese:
Gaivota-de-pés-rosados
Russian:
Западная чайка
Slovak:
čajka pláštiková
Serbian:
Zapadni američki galeb
Swedish:
västtrut
Ukrainian:
Мартин західний
Chinese:
西美鸥
Chinese (Traditional):
西方鷗


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Goéland d'Audubon ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Goéland d'Audubon ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Western Gull ( Larus occidentalis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus occidentalis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus occidentalis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Larus [occidentalis or livens] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

You must be logged in to view your sighting details. To register to myAvibase click here.

Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Azerbaijani: qərb qağayısı
Bulgarian: Западна чайка
Bengali: ঩চিভা গাঙচচর
Bengali (transliteration): paścimā gāṅacila*
Catalan: Gavià occidental
Czech: Racek západní
Danish: Amerikansk Svartbag
German: Westmöwe
English: Western Gull, Wyman's Gull
English, HBW: Western Gull
English (IOC): Western Gull
English (United States): Western Gull
Esperanto: Okcidenta mevo
Spanish: Gaviota Occidental
Spanish (Costa Rica): Gaviota Occidental
Spanish (Spain): Gaviota Occidental
Spanish (HBW): Western Gull
Spanish (Mexico): Gaviota Occidental
Spanish (Panama): Gaviota Occidental
Estonian: kiltkajakas
Finnish: Amerikanmerilokki
French: Goéland d’Audubon, Goéland d'Audubon, Goéland de l'Ouest
Croatian: obalni galeb
Hungarian: nyugati sirály
Icelandic: Ránmáfur
Italian: Gabbiano occidentale
Japanese (romaji): amerikaoosegurokamome
Japanese: アメリカオオセグロカモメ
Korean: 미국큰재갈매기
Kirghiz: батыш чардагы
Scientific: Larus occidentalis, Larus occidentalis occidentalis
Lithuanian: Vakarinis kiras
Latvian: rietumu kaija
Dutch: Californische Meeuw, Pacifische Mantelmeeuw
Norwegian Nynorsk: Kaliforniasvartbak
Norwegian: Kaliforniasvartbak
Polish: mewa zachodnia
Portuguese: Gaivota-de-pés-rosados
Portuguese (Portugal): gaivota-ocidental
Russian: Западная чайка
Slovak: Čajka pláštiková
Slovenian: Zahodni galeb
Serbian: Zapadni američki galeb
Swedish: Västtrut
Turkish: Batı Amerika martısı
Ukrainian: Мартин західний
Chinese: 西美鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 西方鷗

Avibase has been visited 343,975,622 times since 24 June 2003. © Denis Lepage | Privacy policy