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Melanesian Scrubfowl

Megapodius eremita Hartlaub, KJG 1868

The Melanesian scrubfowl or Melanesian megapode is a megapode bird species that is endemic to islands within Melanesia. The Melanesian scrubfowl has a unique strategy of egg incubation in which it relies on environmental heat sources. This bird species is culturally important for Indigenous peoples in Melanesia. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Galliformes
Family:
  Megapodiidae
Genus:
   Megapodius
Scientific:
  Megapodius eremita


Original description

Citation:
  Hartlaub, KJG 1868

Reference:
   Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1867, Part 3 p. 830

Protonym:
  Megapodius eremita

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29534272


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  5795BC17912E08C2

Avibase ID:
  avibase-5795BC17

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/5795BC17


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 553826

Geographic range:

  • Megapodius eremita: Admiralty Is., New Britain, New Ireland and Solomon Is.
English:
Melanesian Scrubfowl
Catalan:
Megàpode de Melanèsia
Czech:
tabon bismarcký
Danish:
Melanesisk Buskhøne
German:
Bismarck-Großfußhuhn
Spanish:
Talégalo Eremita
Spanish (Spain):
Talégalo Eremita
Finnish:
harmaaisojalka
French:
Mégapode mélanésien
Croatian:
melanezijska kokošina
Hungarian:
melanéz ásótyúk
Italian:
Megapodio di Melanesia
Japanese (romaji):
meraneshiatsukatsukuri
Japanese:
メラネシアツカツクリ
Lithuanian:
Melanezinė didžiakojė višta
Dutch:
Heremietboshoen
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Melanesiaomnhøne
Norwegian:
Melanesiaovnhøne
Polish:
nogal melanezyjski
Portuguese:
Frango-do-mato-ermitão
Russian:
Меланезийский большеног
Slovak:
tabon melanézsky
Serbian:
Melanezijska megapoda
Swedish:
melanesisk storfotshöna
Ukrainian:
Великоніг меланезійський
Chinese:
红斑塚雉
Chinese (Traditional):
美拉尼西亞塚雉


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 2023 (May 2023):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6b (Jul 2022):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2022):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Mégapode mélanésien ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Mégapode mélanésien ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Hartlaub's Incubator Bird ( Megapodius eremita)
Clements, version 2021:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Clements, version 2022:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
Clements, version 2023:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
Clements 4th edition:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
Clements, version 2015:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Clements, version 2016:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Clements, version 2017:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Clements, version 2018:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Clements, version 2019:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
eBird version 1.50:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
eBird version 1.52:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
eBird version 1.53:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
eBird version 1.54:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
eBird version 1.55:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 3]
eBird version 2015:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
eBird version 2016:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
eBird version 2017:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
eBird version 2018:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
eBird version 2019:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
eBird version 2021:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
eBird version 2022:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 5]
eBird version 2023:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 5]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Bismarck Scrub Fowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Bismarck Scrub Fowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
IOC World Bird Names, version 13.1:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Megapodius eremita [version 3]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Megapodius eremita [version 3]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Megapodius eremita [version 3]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Melanesian Scrubfowl ( Megapodius eremita) [version 2]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Melanesian Megapode ( Megapodius eremita) [version 4]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Megapodius eremita [version 2]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Megapodius eremita [version 2]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Megapodius freycinet [sensu lato] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4  5 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Azerbaijani: Melaneziya böyükayağı
Catalan: Megàpode de Melanèsia
Czech: Tabon bismarcký
Danish: Melanesisk Buskhøne
German: Bismarck-Großfußhuhn, Bismarckhuhn, Salomonengrossfusshuhn
English: Bare-faced Scrubfowl, Bismarck Scrub Fowl, Bismarck Scrub Hen, Bismark Scrubfowl, Hartlaub's Incubator Bird, Hartlaub's Scrubfowl, Melanesian Megapode, Melanesian scrub fowl, Melanesian Scrubfowl, Solomon megapode
English, HBW: Melanesian Scrubfowl
English (IOC): Melanesian Megapode
English (United States): Melanesian Scrubfowl
Esperanto: Melanezia nestamasulo
Spanish: Talégalo Eremita, Telégala de Bismarck
Spanish (Spain): Talégalo Eremita
Spanish (HBW): Melanesian Scrubfowl
Estonian: melaneesia rihukana
Finnish: Harmaaisojalka
French: Mégapode érémite, Mégapode mélanésien
Croatian: melanezijska kokošina
Hungarian: melanéz ásótyúk
Italian: Megapodio delle Isole Bismarck, Megapodio di Melanesia
Japanese (romaji): meraneshiatsukatsukuri
Japanese: メラネシアツカツクリ
Scientific: Megapodius eremita, Megapodius eremita eremita, Megapodius freycinet eremita
Lithuanian: Melanezinė didžiakojė višta
Dutch: Heremietboshoen
Norwegian Nynorsk: Melanesiaomnhøne
Norwegian: Melanesiaovnhøne
Polish: nogal melanezyjski
Portuguese: Frango-do-mato-ermitão
Portuguese (Portugal): frango-do-mato-eremita
Russian: Бисмаркская курица, Меланезийский большеног
Slovak: tabon melanézsky
Serbian: Melanezijska megapoda
Swedish: Melanesisk storfothöna, melanesisk storfotshöna
Turkish: Melanezya Megapodu
Ukrainian: Великоніг меланезійський
Chinese: 红斑塚雉
Chinese (Traditional): 美拉尼西亞塚雉

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