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Great Auk
Pinguinus impennis (Linnaeus, 1758)
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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Alcidae
Genus:
  Pinguinus

Scientific:
  Pinguinus impennis

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.130

Protonym:
  Alca impennis

Avibase ID:
  57D2F32E062CB366

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/57D2F32E

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 177037


EXTINCT

Geographic range:

  • Pinguinus impennis: N North Atlantic. Extinct; last reported 1844
Source: Clements checklist

English:
  Great Auk
Czech:
  alka velká
German:
  Riesenalk
Danish:
  Gejrfugl
Spanish:
  Alca Gigante
Finnish:
  siivetönruokki
French:
  Grand Pingouin
Icelandic:
  Geirfugl
Italian:
  Alca impenne
Japanese:
  ooumigarasu
Japanese:
  オオウミガラス
Dutch:
  Reuzenalk
Norwegian:
  Geirfugl
Polish:
  alka olbrzymia
Portuguese:
  Torda-grande
Russian:
  Бескрылая гагарка
Slovak:
  alka veľká
Swedish:
  garfågel
Chinese:
  大海雀


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
   Great Auk ( Plautus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
   Great Auk 1 ( Pinguinus impennis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
   Grand Pingouin ( Pinguinus impennis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
   Grand Pingouin ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 3rd edition:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 4th edition:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 6th edition:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements, version 2015:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements, version 2016:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Clements, version 2017:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
eBird version 1.50:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
eBird version 1.52:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
eBird version 1.53:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
eBird version 1.54:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
eBird version 1.55:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
eBird version 2015:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
eBird version 2016:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
eBird version 2017:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
James Lee Peters:
    Pinguinus impennis
James Lee Peters (original):
    Pinguinus impennis
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
    Pinguinus impennis
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
   Great Auk ( Pinguinus impennis)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Pinguinus impennis
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
    Pinguinus impennis

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other synonyms

Catalan: Alca gegant
Czech: alka velká
Welsh: Carfil mawr
Danish: Gejrfugl
German: Riesenalk
English: Great Auk, Great Auk 1, siivetön ruokki
Spanish: Alca Gigante
Spanish (Spain): Alca Gigante
Estonian: hiidalk
Finnish: Siivetönruokki
Faroese: Gorfuglur
French: Grand Pingouin
Irish: Falcóg Mhór
Gaelic: Gearbhul, Gearrbhul
Croatian: Velika njorka
Hungarian: óriásalka
Icelandic: Geirfugl
Italian: Alca impenne
Japanese: ooumigarasu
Japanese: オオウミガラス
Cornish: Auk bras
Latin: Alca impennis, Pinguinis impennis, Pinguinus impennis, Plautus impennis
Lithuanian: Didžioji alka
Latvian: milzu alks
Dutch: Reuzenalk
Norwegian: Geirfugl
Polish: alka olbrzymia
Portuguese: Torda-grande
Russian: Бескрылая гагарка
Slovak: alka veľká
Slovenian: orjaška njorka
Serbian: Velika njorka
Swedish: Garfågel
Turkish: Büyük Alk
Chinese: 大海雀
Chinese (Traditional): 大海雀, 大海雀1844滅絕

 

         

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