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Eastern or Spotted Towhee [excl. socorroensis]

Pipilo [erythrophthalmus or maculatus, excl. socorroensis] (= Pipilo erythrophthalmus) (Linnaeus, 1758)

The eastern towhee is a large New World sparrow. The taxonomy of the towhees has been under debate in recent decades, and formerly this bird and the spotted towhee were considered a single species, the rufous-sided towhee. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Passerellidae
Genus:
   Pipilo
Scientific:
  Pipilo erythrophthalmus


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.180

Protonym:
  Fringilla erythrophthalma

Link:
  http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  5934B835482F7175

Avibase ID:
  avibase-5934B835

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/5934B835


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 179276

Geographic range:

  • Pipilo erythrophthalmus erythrophthalmus: E North America (s Canada to Gulf Coast)
  • Pipilo erythrophthalmus canaster: Tennessee to Louisiana, Alabama and nw Florida
  • Pipilo erythrophthalmus rileyi: Virginia to Georgia, n Florida and se Alabama
  • Pipilo erythrophthalmus alleni: Central peninsular Florida to tip of peninsula
  • Pipilo maculatus maculatus: Highlands of e Mexico (Hidalgo to Veracruz and e Puebla)
  • Pipilo maculatus sympatricus: Mountains of e Mexico (Sierra de Tuxtla of Veracruz)
  • Pipilo maculatus curtatus: SE Br. Col. to ne Calif., Nevada and Idaho; > to se Calif.
  • Pipilo maculatus falcinellus: Interior sw Oregon to Sierra Nevada and San Joaquin Valley
  • Pipilo maculatus montanus: SW US to nw Mexico; > to n Mexico
  • Pipilo maculatus gaigei: Mountains of New Mexico, w Texas and n Mexico (n Coahuila)
  • Pipilo maculatus griseipygius: Mountains of w Mexico (Sierra Madre Occidental)
  • Pipilo maculatus orientalis: Mountains of e Mexico (Sierra Madre Oriental)
  • Pipilo maculatus chiapensis: Mountains of s Mexico (central Chiapas)
  • Pipilo maculatus repetens: Mountains of s Mexico (se Chiapas) and w Guatemala
  • Pipilo maculatus arcticus: Great Plains of North America to sw US; > to ne Mexico
  • Pipilo maculatus macronyx: Mts. of c Mexico (e Michoacán, México, Morelos, Dist. Federal)
  • Pipilo maculatus vulcanorum: Mts. of c Mexico (México, ne Morelos, sw Tlaxcala and w Puebla)
  • Pipilo maculatus oaxacae: Highlands of s Mexico (n and central Oaxaca)
  • Pipilo maculatus oregonus: Coastal sw Br. Col. to sw Oregon; > to s California
  • Pipilo maculatus falcifer: Coastal n Calif. (Del Norte to Santa Cruz and San Benito counties)
  • Pipilo maculatus megalonyx: Coastal s Calif. (Monterey) to nw Baja Calif. and Santa Cruz I.
  • Pipilo maculatus clementae: Santa Rosa, Santa Catalina and San Clemente is. (off s California)
  • Pipilo maculatus umbraticola: NW Baja California (latitude 32°N to 30°N)
  • Pipilo maculatus consobrinus: formerly Isla Guadalupe (off w Baja California). Extinct; last observed in 1897
  • Pipilo maculatus magnirostris: Mountains of s Baja California (Sierra de la Laguna)
  • Show more...
English:
Eastern or Spotted Towhee [excl. socorroensis]
French:
Tohi à flancs roux ou T. maculé (excl. socorroensis)


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Eastern or Spotted Towhee [excl. socorroensis] ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus or maculatus, excl. socorroensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Eastern or Spotted Towhee (excl. socorroensis) ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus or maculatus, excl. socorroensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Eastern or Spotted Towhee (excl. socorroensis) ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus or maculatus, excl. socorroensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Eastern or Spotted Towhee (excl. socorroensis) ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus or maculatus, excl. socorroensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Eastern or Spotted Towhee (excl. socorroensis) ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus or maculatus, excl. socorroensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Eastern or Spotted Towhee [excl. socorroensis] ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus or maculatus, excl. socorroensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Eastern or Spotted Towhee [excl. socorroensis] ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus or maculatus, excl. socorroensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Eastern or Spotted Towhee [excl. socorroensis] ( Pipilo [erythrophthalmus or maculatus, excl. socorroensis])
Clements 3rd edition:
Rufous-sided Towhee ( Pipilo erythrophthalmus) [version 2]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Pipilo erythrophthalmus [version 2]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Pipilo erythrophthalmus [version 2]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Pipilo erythrophthalmus [version 2]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species (alt)

This taxon is a subspecies of Pipilo [erythrophthalmus, maculatus or socorroensis]

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms


Czech: pipilo rudooký
Danish: Rødsidet Buskspurv
German: Rötelgrundammer
English: Eastern or Spotted Towhee (excl. socorroensis), Eastern or Spotted Towhee [excl. socorroensis], Rufous-sided Towhee
Esperanto: Ruĝolula pipilo
Spanish: Toquí Flanquirrufo
Spanish (Mexico): Toquí pinto
Estonian: punakülg-maasidrik
Finnish: loistopipilo
French: Tohi à flancs roux, Tohi à flancs roux ou T. maculé (excl. socorroensis)
Hebrew: אדום־עין
Hungarian: tarka avarsármány
Icelandic: Jarðtittlingur
Italian: Tòui fianchirossi
Japanese (romaji): wakiakatouhichou
Japanese: ワキアカトウヒチョウ
Scientific: Fringilla erythrophthalma, Pipilo [erythrophthalmus or maculatus, excl. socorroensis], Pipilo erythrophthalmus, Pipilo erythrophthalmus erythrophthalmus
Lithuanian: Raudonakis pipilas
Dutch: Roodflanktowie
Norwegian: Rødsidetovi
Polish: pipil rudoboczny
Portuguese: Pipilo-d'olho-vermelho
Russian: Красноглазый тоухи
Slovak: strnádlik červenooký
Slovenian: črnoglavi čivkač
Swedish: Brunsidig busksparv
Turkish: ala pipilo
Ukrainian: Тауї східний
Chinese: 棕胁唧鹀
Chinese (Traditional): 棕脇鵖鵐

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