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Scarlet Macaw

Ara macao (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao) is a large, red, yellow and blue South American parrot, a member of a large group of Neotropical parrots called macaws. It is native to humid evergreen forests of tropical South America. Range extends from extreme south-eastern Mexico to Amazonian Peru, Bolivia and Brazil in lowlands up to 500 m (1,640 ft) (at least formerly) up to 1,000 m (3,281 ft). It has suffered from local extinction through habitat destruction and capture for the parrot trade, but locally it remains fairly common. Formerly it ranged north to southern Tamaulipas. It can still be found on the island of Coiba. It is the national bird of Honduras. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Psittaciformes
Family:
  Psittacidae
Genus:
  Ara

Scientific:
  Ara macao

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.96

Protonym:
  Psittacus Macao

Avibase ID:
  5B015EDA14786E2D

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/5B015EDA

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 177665

Geographic range:

  • Ara macao macao: Costa Rica to Colombia, the Guianas, Brazil, Peru and Bolivia
  • Ara macao cyanopterus: SE Mexico to Nicaragua
English:
Scarlet Macaw
Czech:
ara arakanga
German:
Scharlachara
Danish:
Lyserød Ara
Spanish:
Guacamayo Macao
Finnish:
puna-ara
French:
Ara rouge
Icelandic:
Rauðari
Italian:
Ara scarlatta
Japanese:
kongouinko
Japanese:
コンゴウインコ
Dutch:
Geelvleugelara
Norwegian:
Gulvingerødara
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Raudara
Polish:
ara zóltoskrzydla
Portuguese:
Arara-canga
Portuguese (Brazil):
Araracanga
Russian:
Красный ара
Slovak:
ara arakanga
Swedish:
röd ara
Ukrainian:
Араканга
Chinese:
金刚鹦鹉


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Ara rouge ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Ara rouge ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Ara macao [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Ara macao [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Scarlet Macaw ( Ara macao) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Ara macao [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Ara macao [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Ara [macao or chloropterus] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Arawak: Kâro
Catalan: Guacamai roig d'ales grogues, Guacamai vermell
Carib: Kinoro
Czech: Ara arakanga
Danish: Lyserød Ara
German: Arakanga, Hellroter ara, HellroterAra, Scharlachara
Aukan: Dyaba
Emerillon: Alat
English: Red-and-yellow Macaw, Red-breasted Macaw, Red-yellow-and-blue Macaw, Scarled macaw, Scarlet Macaw
English (IOC): Scarlet Macaw
Spanish: Guacamaya Macao, Guacamaya Roja, Guacamayo Macao, Guacamayo Rojo, Guacamayo Rosado, Guara roja, Guara Roja = AVE NACIONAL, Lapa Roja
Spanish (Colombia): Guacamaya bandera, Guacamaya Macao
Spanish (Costa Rica): Guacamayo rojo, Lapa Roja
Spanish (Ecuador): Guacamayo Escarlata
Spanish (Spain): Guacamayo Macao
Spanish (HBW): Scarlet Macaw
Spanish (Honduras): Guara roja, Guara Roja = AVE NACIONAL
Spanish (Mexico): Guacamaya Roja
Spanish (Nicaragua): Guacamayo Rojo
Spanish (Panama): Guacamaya Roja
Spanish (Peru): Guacamayo Escarlata
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Guacamayo Rojo
Spanish (Venezuela): Guacamaya Bandera, Guacamayo Bandera
Estonian: puna-aara (makao)
Finnish: Puna-ara
French: Ara macao, Ara rouge
Guianese Creole French: Ara-rouj
Irish: Macá scarlóideach
Hungarian: sárgaszárnyú ara
Icelandic: Rauðari
Italian: Ara rossa e gialla, Ara scarlatta
Japanese: kongouinko
Japanese: コンゴウインコ
Karipúna Creole French: Ara-rouge, Kinoro
Scientific: Ara macao, Ara macao macao, Psittacus Macao
Lithuanian: Raudonoji ara
Ndyuka-trio Pidgin: Akpansa
Dutch: Geelvleugelara, Macao
Norwegian Nynorsk: Raudara
Norwegian: Gulvingerødara, Lyserød ara, Rødara
Wayampi: Alala
Palikúr: Kalu
Polish: ara zóltoskrzydla, Ara żółtoskrzydła
Portuguese: arara-boliviana, Araracanga, Arara-canga, arara-macau, arara-piranga, arara-vermelha, arara-vermelha-pequena, macau
Portuguese (Brazil): Arara Piranga, arara-boliviana, Araracanga, arara-canga, arara-macau, arara-piranga, arara-vermelha, arara-vermelha-pequena, macau
Portuguese (Portugal): Araracanga
Russian: Красный ара
Slovak: Ara arakanga
Serbian: Crvena ara
Saramaccan: Adjába, Alalá
Sranan: Bokrafru, Redirafru
Swedish: Ljusröd ara, Röd ara
Turkish: Karmen Rengi Ara
Ukrainian: Араканга
Wayana: Kunolo
Chinese: 金刚鹦鹉
Chinese (Traditional): 緋紅麥鷍

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