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Hill Myna

Gracula religiosa Linnaeus, 1758

The common hill myna (Gracula religiosa), sometimes spelled "mynah" and formerly simply known as hill myna, is the myna bird most commonly seen in aviculture, where it is often simply referred to by the latter two names. It is a member of the starling family (Sturnidae), resident in hill regions of South Asia and Southeast Asia. The Sri Lanka hill myna, a former subspecies of G. religiosa, is generally accepted as a separate species G. ptilogenys nowadays. The Enggano hill myna (G. enganensis) and Nias hill myna (G. robusta) are also widely accepted as specifically distinct, and many authors favor treating the southern hill myna (G. r. indica) from the Nilgiris and elsewhere in the Western Ghats of India as a separate species, also. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Sturnidae
Genus:
  Gracula

Scientific:
  Gracula religiosa

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.108

Protonym:
  Gracula religiosa

Avibase ID:
  5CF6F8EBAB1D0743

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/5CF6F8EB

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 179652

Geographic range:

  • Gracula religiosa [religiosa or miotera]: Thai-Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Bangka Island, Java, Bali, and Borneo
  • Gracula religiosa batuensis: Batu and Mentawi islands (off nw Sumatra)
  • Gracula religiosa palawanensis: Palawan (sw Philippines)
  • Gracula religiosa intermedia: N India to Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina and s China
  • Gracula religiosa peninsularis: NE peninsular India
  • Gracula religiosa andamanensis: Andaman and Nicobar islands
  • Gracula religiosa venerata: W Lesser Sundas (Sumbawa, Flores, Pantar, Lomblen and Alor)
  • Show more...
English:
Hill Myna
Czech:
loskuták posvátný
German:
Beo
Danish:
Beo
Spanish:
Miná Religioso
Finnish:
pyhämaina
French:
Mainate religieux
Icelandic:
Prestastari
Italian:
Gracula religiosa comune
Japanese:
kyuukanchou
Japanese:
キュウカンチョウ
Dutch:
Grote Beo
Norwegian:
Beostær
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Beostare
Polish:
gwarek czczony
Portuguese:
Mainá-de-java
Russian:
Священная майна
Slovak:
beo posvätný
Swedish:
beostare
Ukrainian:
Бео священний
Chinese:
鹩哥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
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IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Common Hill Myna ( Gracula religiosa) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Gracula religiosa [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Gracula [religiosa, indica, robusta or enganensis] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Other synonyms


Bengali: পাতি ময়না
Catalan: Minà indi, Minà religiós
Cebuano: kiyaw
Czech: loskuták posvátný
Danish: Beo
German: Beo, Bergbeo
English: Common Hill Myna, Common Hill-Myna, Eastern Hill-myna, Grackle, Hill Myna, Indian grackle, Southern grackle
English (IOC): Common Hill Myna
Spanish: Mainá del Himalaya, Miná Religioso
Spanish (Spain): Miná Religioso
Spanish (HBW): Common Hill Myna
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Maina de Colinas
Estonian: suurmaina
Finnish: Pyhämaina
French: Mainate religieux
Hungarian: beó
Indonesian: Beo, Burung Tiong Emas, Tiong Emas
Icelandic: Prestastari
Italian: Gracula religiosa, Gracula religiosa comune
Japanese: kyūkan-chō, kyuukanchou
Japanese: キュウカンチョウ
Japanese (Kanji): 九官鳥
Scientific: Gracula religiosa, Gracula religiosa religiosa
Lithuanian: Javinė šventoji maina
Latvian: pakalnu maina
Malayalam: കാട്ടുമൈന  
Mamasa: katuti
Malay: Burung Tiong Besar, Burung Tiong Emas, Burung Tiong Mas, Tiong Emas, Tiong Mas
Dutch: Grote Beo
Norwegian Nynorsk: Beostare
Norwegian: Beostær, Vanlig beostær
Polish: gwarek czczony
Pinyin: liáo-gē
Portuguese: Mainá-de-java
Russian: Священная майна
Slovak: beo posvätný
Slovenian: Hribovske majne
Serbian: Obična brdska majna
Swedish: Beostare
Tamil: மலை மைனா
Thai: นกขุนทอง
Thai (Transliteration): nók kʰŭn-tʰoaaŋ
Turkish: Mino
Ukrainian: Бео священний
Vietnamese: Chim Nhồng, Chim Sáo đá, Chim Yểng, Yểng, Nhồng
Chinese: 鷯哥, 鹩哥
Chinese (Traditional): 九官鳥, 鷯哥, 鷯哥〔九官鳥〕

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