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Little Cormorant

Microcarbo niger (Vieillot, LJP 1817)

The little cormorant is a member of the cormorant family of seabirds. Slightly smaller than the Indian cormorant it lacks a peaked head and has a shorter beak. It is widely distributed across the Indian Subcontinent and extends east to Java, where it is sometimes called the Javanese cormorant. It forages singly or sometimes in loose groups in lowland freshwater bodies, including small ponds, large lakes, streams and sometimes coastal estuaries. Like other cormorants, it is often found perched on a waterside rock with its wings spread out after coming out of the water. The entire body is black in the breeding season but the plumage is brownish, and the throat has a small whitish patch in the non-breeding season. These birds breed gregariously in trees, often joining other waterbirds at heronries. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Pelecaniformes
Family:
  Phalacrocoracidae
Genus:
   Microcarbo
Scientific:
  Microcarbo niger


Original description

Citation:
  (Vieillot, LJP 1817)

Reference:
   Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. nouv. éd. 8 p.88

Protonym:
  Hydrocorax niger

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18035203


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  60EA3FA9B62912A9

Avibase ID:
  avibase-60EA3FA9

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/60EA3FA9


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 823999

Geographic range:

  • Microcarbo niger: Lowlands of India to SE Asia and n Java
English:
Little Cormorant
Catalan:
Corb marí de Vieillot
Czech:
kormorán menší
Danish:
Javaskarv
German:
Kleinscharbe
Spanish:
Cormorán de Java
Spanish (Spain):
Cormorán de Java
Finnish:
jaavanmerimetso
French:
Cormoran de Vieillot
Croatian:
dugorepi vranac
Hungarian:
fekete törpekormorán
Icelandic:
Setskarfur
Italian:
Cormorano minuto
Japanese (romaji):
ajiakobitou
Japanese:
アジアコビトウ
Lithuanian:
Javinis kormoranas
Dutch:
Indische Dwergaalscholver
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Orientdvergskarv
Norwegian:
Orientdvergskarv
Polish:
kormoran skromny
Portuguese:
Biguá-pequeno
Russian:
Яванский баклан
Slovak:
kormorán močiarny
Serbian:
Indijski mali vranac
Swedish:
småskarv
Ukrainian:
Баклан яванський
Chinese:
黑颈鸬鹚
Chinese (Traditional):
黑頸鸕鷀〔小鸕鷀〕


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Cormoran de Vieillot ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Cormoran de Vieillot ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 1st edition:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements, version 2021:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Clements 3rd edition:
Little Cormorant ( Halietor niger)
Clements 4th edition:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 6th edition:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements, version 2015:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Clements, version 2016:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Clements, version 2017:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Clements, version 2018:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Clements, version 2019:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
eBird version 1.50:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
eBird version 1.52:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
eBird version 1.53:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
eBird version 1.54:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
eBird version 1.55:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
eBird version 2015:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
eBird version 2016:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
eBird version 2017:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
eBird version 2018:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
eBird version 2019:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
eBird version 2021:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Javanese Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Javanese Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Oriental Bird Club:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Phalacrocorax niger
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Haliëtor niger
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Phalacrocorax niger
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Little Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax niger)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Little Cormorant ( Microcarbo niger)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Phalacrocorax niger
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Microcarbo niger

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Azerbaijani: Yava qarabatdağı
Bengali: ছোট পানকৌড়ি, হছাট ঩ানমকৌচড়
Bengali (transliteration): chōṭa pānakauṛi
Catalan: Corb mari de Vieillot, Corb marí de Vieillot
Czech: Kormorán menší
Welsh: Mulfran Jafa
Danish: Javaskarv
German: Kleinscharbe, Mohrenscharbe
English: Javan Cormorant, Javanese Cormorant, Little Cormorant, Pygmy Cormorant
English, HBW: Little Cormorant
English (IOC): Little Cormorant
English (United States): Little Cormorant
Esperanto: Eta kormorano
Spanish: Cormorán de Java, Cormorán Enano
Spanish (Spain): Cormorán de Java
Spanish (HBW): Little Cormorant
Estonian: Ida-kääbuskormoran, ida-kääbuskormoran (ida-kääbuskarbas)
Finnish: Jaavanmerimetso
French: Cormoran de Vieillot, Cormoran nègre
Irish: Broigheall beag
Galician: Corvo mariño pequeno
Hindi: Neer Kaakka
Croatian: dugorepi vranac
Hungarian: fekete törpekormorán
Indonesian: Burung Pecuk Kecil, Burung Pecuk-padi Kecil, Pecukpadi Kecil, Pecuk-padi kecil
Icelandic: Setskafur, Setskarfur
Italian: Cormorano di Giava, Cormorano di Giaya, Cormorano minuto, Cormorano piccolo
Japanese (romaji): ajia kobito-u, ajiakobitou
Japanese: アジアコビトウ
Japanese (Kanji): アジア小人鵜
Kirghiz: Ява кара казы
Scientific: Halietor niger, Haliëtor niger, Hydrocorax niger, Microcarbo niger, Phalacrocorax niger
Lithuanian: Javinis kormoranas
Latvian: mazais ūdenis
Malayalam: ചെറിയ നീർക്കാക്ക, നീര്‍ക്കാക്ക 
Marathi: छोटा पाणकावळा
Malay: Burung Pependang Kecil
Nepali: सानो जलेवा
Dutch: Indische Dwergaalscholver
Norwegian Nynorsk: Orientdvergskarv
Norwegian: Orientdvergskarv
Polish: kormoran skromny
Pinyin: hēi-jǐng lúcí
Portuguese: Biguá-pequeno, Corvo-marinho-anão
Portuguese (Portugal): corvo-marinho-javanês
Rhaeto-Romance: Cormoran pitschen
Russian: Яванский баклан
Northern Sami: Uhcaskárfa
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Punchi Diyakava
Slovak: Kormorán mociarny, Kormorán močiarny
Serbian: Indijski mali vranac
Swedish: Småskarv
Tamil: Chinna Neer Kagam
Thai: นกกาน้ำเล็ก
Thai (Transliteration): nók kaa-náam lék
Turkish: Kara Küçük Karabatak
Ukrainian: Баклан яванський
Vietnamese: Chim Cốc đen, Cốc đen, Cốc đen, Còng cọc
Chinese: 黑颈鸬鹚
Chinese (Traditional): 黑頸鸕鶿, 黑頸鸕鷀〔小鸕鷀〕

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