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Razorbill

Alca torda Linnaeus, 1758

The Razorbill (Alca torda) is a colonial seabird that only comes to land in order to breed. This agile bird chooses one partner for life; females lay one egg per year. Razorbills nest along coastal cliffs in enclosed or slightly exposed crevices. The parents spend equal amounts of time incubating. Once the chick has hatched, the parents take turns foraging for their young and sometimes fly long distances before finding prey. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Alcidae
Genus:
  Alca

Scientific:
  Alca torda

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.130

Protonym:
  Alca Torda

Avibase ID:
  64F4DD81371B269F

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/64F4DD81

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176971


NEAR THREATENED

Geographic range:

  • Alca torda torda: NE North America; Scandinavia to Murmansk and White Sea
  • Alca torda islandica: Iceland and Br. Isles to France; winters to Mediterranean
English:
Razorbill
Czech:
alka malá
German:
Tordalk
Danish:
Alk
Spanish:
Alca Común
Finnish:
ruokki
French:
Petit Pingouin
Icelandic:
Álka
Italian:
Gazza marina
Japanese:
oohashiumigarasu
Japanese:
オオハシウミガラス
Dutch:
Alk
Norwegian:
Alke
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Alke
Polish:
alka
Portuguese:
Torda-mergulheira
Russian:
Гагарка
Slovak:
alka vrúbkozobá
Swedish:
tordmule
Ukrainian:
Гагарка мала
Chinese:
刀嘴海雀


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Razor-billed Auk ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Petit Pingouin ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Petit Pingouin ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Alca torda [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Alca torda [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Alca torda [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Razorbill ( Alca torda) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Alca torda [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Alca torda [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Asturian: Alca, Monxa
Bulgarian: Дебелоклюна гагарка
Breton: An erv beg plat, Ero beg plat
Catalan: Gavot, Pingdai
Catalan (Balears): Pingdai
Montenegrin: oštrokljuna njorka
Czech: Alka malá
Welsh: Aderyn brith, Gwalch y penweig, Gwalch y pysgod, Llurs
Danish: Alk
German: Tordalk
English: Razorbill, Razor-billed Auk
English (IOC): Razorbill
Esperanto: aûko
Spanish: Alca, Alca Común
Spanish (Spain): Alca Común
Spanish (HBW): Alca común
Estonian: Alk
Basque: Gavot , Pottorro arrunta
Finnish: Ruokki
Faroese: Álka, Nakkalanga
French: Gode, Petit Pingouin, Pingouin torda, Pinguin torda
Irish: Crosán
Gaelic: Coltraiche, Falc
Galician: Carolo, Gavot
Manx: Coltrag
Hebrew: אלקה
Croatian: Oštrokljuna njorka
Hungarian: Alka
Icelandic: Álka
Italian: Gazza marina
Japanese: oohashiumigarasu
Japanese: オオハシウミガラス
Greenlandic: Apparluk
Cornish: Gelvyn lym
Scientific: Alca torda, Alca torda torda
Lithuanian: Alka
Latvian: Lielais alks
Maltese: Mus, Mus tal-Baħar
Dutch: Alk
Norwegian Nynorsk: Alke
Norwegian: Alke, Brednebbet alke, Klubbalke
Polish: alka, alka (zwyczajna), Alka krzywonosa, Alka zwyczajna, Nurzyk polarny
Portuguese: torda mergulhadeira, Torda-mergulhadeira, Torda-mergulheira
Portuguese (Portugal): Torda-mergulheira
Russian: Gagarka, Гагарка
Northern Sami: Hálkka
Slovak: Alka vrúbkozobá
Slovenian: mala njorka, njorka
Serbian: Alk, mala njorka, Oštrokljuna njorka, Алк
Swedish: Tordmule
Turkish: Usturagaga
Ukrainian: Гагарка мала
Chinese: 刀嘴海雀
Chinese (Traditional): 刀嘴海雀

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