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Common or Black Scoter

Melanitta [nigra or americana] (= Melanitta nigra) (Linnaeus, 1758)




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Classification
Order:
  Anseriformes
Family:
  Anatidae
Genus:
   Melanitta
Scientific:
  Melanitta nigra


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.123

Protonym:
  Anas nigra

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727028


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  655DC3C0ADECD340

Avibase ID:
  avibase-655DC3C0

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/655DC3C0


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175171

Geographic range:

  • Melanitta nigra: N Eurasia; winters w Europe to Mediterranean and Caspian Sea
  • Melanitta americana: Breeds n Siberia to Alaska; winters to n US
English:
Common or Black Scoter
Catalan:
Ànec negre comú/americà
Czech:
turpan černý/žlutozobý
Danish:
Sortand/Amerikansk Sortand
German:
Trauer-/Pazifiktrauerente
Spanish:
Negrón Común/Americano
Spanish (Spain):
Negrón común/americano
Finnish:
mustalintu/amerikanmustalintu
French:
Macreuse noire ou M. à bec jaune
Hungarian:
Feketeréce/Nyerges réce
Icelandic:
Hrafns-/krummönd
Japanese (romaji):
yo-roppakurogamo/kurogamo
Japanese:
ヨーロッパクロガモ/クロガモ
Dutch:
Zwarte Zee-eend/Amerikaanse Zee-eend
Norwegian:
svartand/amerikasvartand
Polish:
markaczka/markaczka amerykańska
Russian:
Синьга/Американская синьга
Slovak:
turpan čierny/americký
Serbian:
Crni turpan/američki crni turpan
Swedish:
sjöorre/amerikansk sjöorre
Chinese:
普通海番鸭/黑海番鸭
Chinese (Traditional):
普通海番鸭/黑海番鸭


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Oidemia nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Oidemia nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Oidemia nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Oidemia nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Oidemia nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Oidemia nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Oidemia nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Oidemia nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Oidemia nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Oidemia nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Oidemia nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Oidemia nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Oidemia nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Common Scoter ( Oidemia nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Common or Black Scoter ( Melanitta [nigra or americana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Common or Black Scoter ( Melanitta [nigra or americana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Common or Black Scoter ( Melanitta [nigra or americana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Common or Black Scoter ( Melanitta [nigra or americana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Common or Black Scoter ( Melanitta [nigra or americana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Common or Black Scoter ( Melanitta [nigra or americana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Common or Black Scoter ( Melanitta [nigra or americana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Common or Black Scoter ( Melanitta [nigra or americana])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Common or Black Scoter ( Melanitta [nigra or americana])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Common/Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra/americana)
eBird version 1.53:
Common/Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra/americana)
eBird version 1.54:
Common/Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra/americana)
eBird version 1.55:
Common/Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra/americana)
eBird version 2015:
Common/Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra/americana)
eBird version 2016:
Common/Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra/americana)
eBird version 2017:
Common/Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra/americana)
eBird version 2018:
Common/Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra/americana)
eBird version 2019:
Common/Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra/americana)
eBird version 2021:
Common/Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra/americana)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Melanitta nigra [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Oidemia nigra [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Melanitta nigra [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Melanitta nigra [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Asturian: Coríu Prietu, Zapateru común/americanu
Azerbaijani: Qara qılquyruq, Sinqə
Belarusian: Нырок-сіньга
Bulgarian: Траурна / Американска траурна потапница, Траурна потапница
Breton: An duanenn boutin
Catalan: Ànec negre, Ànec negre comú/americà, Ànnera negra, Morell de mar negre
Catalan (Balears): Ànnera negra
Valencian: Morell de mar negre
Czech: dř. kachna černá, Kachna černá, Turpan cerný, Turpan černý, turpan černý/žlutozobý, turpan èerný
Welsh: For hwyad ddu, Hwyaden ddu, Môr-hwyaden America, Môr-hwyaden ddu
Danish: Sortand, Sortand/Amerikansk Sortand
German: Amerikanische Trauerente, Atlantische Trauerente, Europäische Trauerente, Pazifische Trauerente, Trauer-/Pazifiktrauerente, Trauerente
Greek: (Ευρωπαϊκή) Μαυρόπαπια, Μαυρόπαπια, Μαυρόπαπια/Μαυρόπαπια της Αλάσκας
Greek (Cypriot): Μαυρόπαπια
English: American Scoter, Black Scoter, Common or Black Scoter, Common Scoter, Common/Black Scoter, European black scoter, Scoter
English, HBW: Common/Black Scoter
English (IOC): Common/Black Scoter
English (United States): Common/Black Scoter
Esperanto: Nigra maranaso
Spanish: Ánade negro marino commùn, Negreta Negra, Negrón Americano, Negrón Común, Negrón Común/Americano
Spanish (Spain): Negrón Común/Americano
Spanish (HBW): Common/Black Scoter
Spanish (Mexico): Negreta Común/Pico Amarillo, Negreta Negra
Estonian: Mustvaeras
Basque: Ahatebeltz, Ahatebeltz arrunta, Ànec negre
Finnish: Mustalintu, mustalintu/amerikanmustalintu
Faroese: Kolont
French: Macreuse à bec jaune, Macreuse noire, Macreuse noire européenne, Macreuse noire ou M. à bec jaune
French (Canada): Macreuse noire d'Eurasie ou M. à bec jaune
Irish: Scótar, Scótar dubh
Gaelic: Lach Bheag Dhubh, Tunnag Dhubh
Galician: Ànec negre, Pentumeiro, pentumeiro común
Manx: Thunnag ghob chrottagh
Hebrew: קטיפנית שחורה, קטיפנית שחורה/אמריקנית
Croatian: Crna patka
Hungarian: Fekete réce, Feketeréce/Nyerges réce
Armenian: Սև տուրպան
Icelandic: Hrafns-/krummönd, Hrafnsönd
Italian: Orchetto marino
Japanese (romaji): kurogamo, Kuro-gamo, Kuro-tori, yo-roppakurogamo/kurogamo
Japanese: クロガモ, クロトリ, ヨーロッパクロガモ/クロガモ
Georgian: ჩვეულებრივი გარიელა
Kazakh: Қара тұрпан
Korean: 검둥오리
Cornish: Mor-hos du
Scientific: Anas nigra, Melanitta [nigra or americana], Melanitta nigra, Melanitta nigra americana, Melanitta nigra nigra, Melanitta nigra/americana, Oidemia americana, Oidemia nigra
Luxembourgish: Schwaarz Mierint
Lithuanian: Juodoji antis
Latvian: Jūras teteris, Melnā pīle, Melnā tumšpīle
Maltese: Borka Sewda, Brajmla Sewda
Dutch: Zwarte Zee-eend, Zwarte Zeeëend, Zwarte Zee-eend/Amerikaanse Zee-eend, Zwarte Zeeend, Zwarte Zeeüend
Norwegian: Svartand, svartand/amerikasvartand
Polish: markaczka, Markaczka amerykańska, Markaczka czarna, Markaczka zwyczajna, markaczka/markaczka amerykańska
Portuguese: pato negro, Pato-negro, Pato-preto
Portuguese (Portugal): Negrola-comum/Negrola-americana
Romansh: Anda naira
Romanian: Rață negricioasă
Russian: Синьга, Синьга обыкновенная, Синьга турпан, Синьга/Американская синьга, черный турпан
Scots: Lach bheag dhub
Northern Sami: Njurgu
Slovak: Turpan čierny, turpan čierny/americký
Slovenian: crna raca, črna raca
Albanian: Rosa e zezë
Serbian: Crna plovka, crni turpan, Crni turpan/američki crni turpan, Crni/američki crni turpan, turpan, Турпан, Црна пловка
Swedish: Sjöorre, sjöorre/amerikansk sjöorre
Turkish: Kara ördek, Kara ördek/Amerika kara ördeği
Ukrainian: Синьга
Chinese: [hei hai-fan-ya], 普通海番鸭/黑海番鸭, 黑海帆鸭, 黑海番鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 普通海番鸭/黑海番鸭, 黑海番鴨

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