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Blue-billed Duck

Oxyura australis Gould, 1837

The Blue-billed Duck (Oxyura australis) is a small Australian stiff-tailed duck, with both the male and female growing to a length of 40 cm (16 in). The male has a slate-blue bill which changes to bright-blue during the breeding season, hence the duck’s common name (see photo). The male has deep chestnut plumage during breeding season, reverting to a dark grey. The female retains black plumage with brown tips all year round. The duck is endemic to Australia's temperate regions, inhabiting natural inland wetlands and also artificial wetlands such as sewage ponds in large numbers. It can be difficult to observe due to its cryptic nature during its breeding season through autumn and winter. The male duck exhibits a complex mating ritual. The blue-billed duck is omnivorous, with a preference for small aquatic invertebrates. BirdLife International has classified this species as Near Threatened. Major threats include drainage of deep permanent wetlands, or their degradation as a result of introduced fish, peripheral cattle grazing, salinisation and lowering of ground water. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Anseriformes
Family:
  Anatidae
Genus:
  Oxyura

Scientific:
  Oxyura australis

Citation:
  Gould, 1837

Reference:
  PZS(1836) Pt4 no.45 p.85

Protonym:
  Oxyura Australis

Avibase ID:
  672BA2DACFB6047F

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/672BA2DA

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175178


NEAR THREATENED

Geographic range:

  • Oxyura australis: Patchily distributed sw and se Australia and Tasmania
English:
Blue-billed Duck
Czech:
kachnice australská
German:
Schwarzkinn-Ruderente
Danish:
Australsk Skarveand
Spanish:
Malvasía Australiana
Finnish:
australiankuparisorsa
French:
Érismature australe
Italian:
Gobbo beccazzurro
Japanese:
o-sutorariaotategamo
Japanese:
オーストラリアオタテガモ
Dutch:
Australische Stekelstaart
Norwegian:
Blånebband
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Blånebband
Polish:
sterniczka australijska
Portuguese:
Marreca-de-bico-azul
Russian:
Австралийская савка
Slovak:
potápnica tmavá
Swedish:
australisk kopparand
Ukrainian:
Савка австралійська
Chinese:
澳洲硬尾鸭


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Érismature australe ( Oxyura australis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Érismature australe ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 1st edition:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 3rd edition:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 4th edition:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 6th edition:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements, version 2015:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements, version 2016:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements, version 2017:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements, version 2018:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Clements, version 2019:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
eBird version 1.50:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
eBird version 1.52:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
eBird version 1.53:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
eBird version 1.54:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
eBird version 1.55:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
eBird version 2015:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
eBird version 2016:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
eBird version 2017:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
eBird version 2018:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
eBird version 2019:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Australian Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Australian Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Australian Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
James Lee Peters:
Oxyura australis
James Lee Peters (original):
Oxyura australis
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Oxyura australis
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Blue-billed Duck ( Oxyura australis)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Oxyura australis
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Oxyura australis

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Catalan: Malvasia australiana
Czech: kachnice australská, Kachnice tmavá
Danish: Australsk Skarveand
German: Australische Ruderente, Australische Schwarzkopfruderente, Schwarzkinn-Ruderente
English: Australian Blue-bill, Australian Blue-billed Duck, Australian stifftail, Australian Stiff-tail, Blue billed Duck, Blue-billed Duck
English (IOC): Blue-billed Duck
Spanish: Malvaìsa australiana, Malvasía Australiana, Pato Malvasia Australiano, Pato pico azul
Spanish (Spain): Malvasía Australiana
Spanish (HBW): Blue-billed Duck
Estonian: austraalia händpart
Finnish: australiankuparisorsa, Australianviuhkasorsa
French: Érismature austral, Erismature australe, Érismature australe, Erismature d‘Australie, Érismature d'Australie
Hungarian: szálkás réce
Italian: Gobbo australiano, Gobbo beccazzurro, Gobbo beccoazzurro, Gobbo lacustre australiano
Japanese: oasutorariaotategamo, o-sutorariaotategamo
Japanese: オアストラリアオタテガモ, オーストラリアオタテガモ
Scientific: Oxyura australis
Lithuanian: Australinė stačiauodegė
Dutch: Australische Stekelstaart, Australische stekelstart eend
Norwegian Nynorsk: Blånebband
Norwegian: Blånebband
Polish: sterniczka australijska
Portuguese: Marreca-de-bico-azul
Russian: Австралийская Савка
Slovak: potápnica tmavá
Serbian: Australijska plavokljuna patka
Swedish: Australisk kopparand
Turkish: Avustralya Dikkuyruğu
Ukrainian: Савка австралійська
Chinese: 澳洲硬尾鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 藍嘴硬尾鴨

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