Your login:

Password:

Stay signed in

Enter your login name or your email address and click on Send reminder to receive a reminder by email.


Welcome Guest

Red-faced Spinetail

Cranioleuca erythrops (Sclater, PL, 1860)

The Red-faced Spinetail (Cranioleuca erythrops) is a species of bird in the Furnariidae family. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. Source: Wikipedia




(0 votes)
Photo powered by flickr.com.


Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Furnariidae
Genus:
  Cranioleuca

Scientific:
  Cranioleuca erythrops

Citation:
  (Sclater, PL, 1860)

Reference:
  PZS Pt(28)1 p.66

Protonym:
  Synallaxis erythrops

Avibase ID:
  6D00ECAF9030E289

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/6D00ECAF

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 559564

Geographic range:

  • Cranioleuca erythrops erythrops: Andes of w Ecuador (sw Manabí and w Guayas)
  • Cranioleuca erythrops rufigenis: Highlands of Costa Rica and w Panama (Chiriquí)
  • Cranioleuca erythrops griseigularis: W Andes and w slope of C Andes of Colombia
English:
Red-faced Spinetail
Czech:
ostrochvostka červenolící
German:
Rotgesicht-Baumschlüpfer
Danish:
Rødmasket Spidshale
Spanish:
Curutié Carirrojo
Finnish:
punanaamaorneero
French:
Synallaxe à face rouge
Italian:
Codaspino facciarossa
Japanese:
akagaokamadodori
Japanese:
アカガオカマドドリ
Dutch:
Roodwangstekelstaart
Norwegian:
Rødhettestifthale
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Raudhettestifthale
Polish:
moczarnik rdzawolicy
Russian:
Краснолицая пищуховая иглохвостка
Slovak:
košikárik červenolíci
Swedish:
rosthuvad taggstjärt
Ukrainian:
Курутія рудощока
Chinese:
红脸针尾雀


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Synallaxe à face rouge ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Synallaxe à face rouge ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Certhiaxis erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Certhiaxis erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Certhiaxis erythrops) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Certhiaxis erythrops) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Cranioleuca erythrops [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Cranioleuca erythrops [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Cranioleuca erythrops [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Red-faced Spinetail ( Cranioleuca erythrops) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Cranioleuca erythrops [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Cranioleuca erythrops [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

You must be logged in to view your sighting details. To register to myAvibase click here.

Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Catalan: cuaespinós cara-roig
Czech: Hrncirík cervenolící, ostrochvostka červenolící
Danish: Rødmasket Spidshale
German: Rotgesicht-Baumschlüpfer, Rotwangenschlüpfer, Rotwangen-Schlüpfer
English: Red faced Spinetail, Red-faced Spinetail
English (IOC): Red-faced Spinetail
Spanish: Chamicero Rubicundo, Cola espina cerirroja, Colaespina Carirroja, Colaespina carirrojiza, Curutié Carirrojo, Curutié de Cara Roja
Spanish (Colombia): Chamicero Rubicundo, Rastrojero rubicundo
Spanish (Costa Rica): Cola espina cerirroja, Colaespina Carirroja
Spanish (Ecuador): Colaespina carirrojiza
Spanish (Spain): Curutié Carirrojo
Spanish (HBW): Red-faced Spinetail
Spanish (Panama): Colaespina Carirroja
Finnish: Punanaamaorneero
French: Fournier à face rouge, Synallaxe à face rouge
Hungarian: rozsdásarcú ágjáró
Italian: Coda spinosa dalla faccia rossa, Codaspino facciarossa, Codaspinosa facciarossa
Japanese: akagaokamadodori
Japanese: アカガオカマドドリ
Scientific: Certhiaxis erythrops, Cranioleuca erythrops, Cranioleuca erythrops erythrops, Synallaxis erythrops
Lithuanian: rusvagalvis liputinis dygliauodegis
Dutch: Roodwangstekelstaart, Roodwang-stekelstaart
Norwegian Nynorsk: Raudhettestifthale
Norwegian: Rødhettestifthale
Polish: moczarnik rdzawolicy
Russian: Краснолицая пищуховая иглохвостка
Slovak: košikárik červenolíci
Swedish: Rödmaskad bränslesamlare, rosthuvad taggstjärt
Ukrainian: Курутія рудощока
Chinese: 红脸针尾雀
Chinese (Traditional): 紅臉針尾雀

Avibase has been visited 291,512,578 times since 24 June 2003. © Denis Lepage | Privacy policy