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Spotted Green Pigeon

Caloenas maculata (Gmelin, JF 1789)

The spotted green pigeon or Liverpool pigeon is a species of pigeon which is most likely extinct. It was first mentioned and described in 1783 by John Latham, who had seen two specimens of unknown provenance and a drawing depicting the bird. The taxonomic relationships of the bird were long obscure, and early writers suggested many different possibilities, though the idea that it was related to the Nicobar pigeon prevailed, and it was therefore placed in the same genus, Caloenas. Today, the species is only known from a specimen kept in World Museum, Liverpool. Overlooked for much of the 20th century, it was recognised as a valid extinct species by the IUCN Red List only in 2008. It may have been native to an island somewhere in the South Pacific Ocean or the Indian Ocean, and it has been suggested that a bird referred to as titi by Tahitian islanders was this bird. In 2014, a genetic study confirmed it as a distinct species related to the Nicobar pigeon, and showed that the two were the closest relatives of the extinct dodo and Rodrigues solitaire. Source: Wikipedia

Classification
Order:
  Columbiformes
Family:
  Columbidae
Genus:
   Caloenas
Scientific:
  Caloenas maculata


Original description

Citation:
  (Gmelin, JF 1789)

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 13, vol. 1, part 2 pars.2 p.772

Protonym:
  Columba maculata

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2656275


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  6E8B492EF727540B

Avibase ID:
  avibase-6E8B492E

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/6E8B492E


Taxonomic Serial Number:


EXTINCT

Geographic range:

  • Caloenas maculata: Extinct. Known only from two specimens (one of which now is lost) and one illustration; probably was native to an island or island group in the South Pacific
English:
Spotted Green Pigeon
Catalan:
Colom de Liverpool
Czech:
holub kropenatý
Danish:
Liverpool Due
German:
Liverpooltaube
Spanish:
Paloma de Liverpool
Spanish (Spain):
Paloma de Liverpool
Finnish:
täplähuivikyyhky
French:
Nicobar ponctué
Croatian:
pjegavoleđi golub
Italian:
Piccione di Liverpool
Japanese:
マダラミノバト
Lithuanian:
Dėmėtasis žaliasis karvelis
Dutch:
Liverpoolduif
Norwegian:
Plettdue
Polish:
nikobarczyk plamisty
Portuguese:
pombo-pontilhado
Russian:
Полинезийский голубь
Slovak:
veľkohrivec krátkokrídly
Serbian:
Pegavi zeleni golub
Swedish:
liverpoolduva
Ukrainian:
голуб плямистий
Chinese:
点斑绿鸠
Chinese (Traditional):
斑點綠鳩


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Clements, version 2021:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Clements, version 2022:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Clements, version 2018:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Clements, version 2019:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
eBird version 2018:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
eBird version 2019:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
eBird version 2021:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
eBird version 2022:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Liverpool Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Spotted Green Pigeon ( Caloenas maculata)

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Catalan: Colom de Liverpool
Czech: holub kropenatý
Danish: Liverpool Due
German: Liverpooltaube, Liverpool-Taube
English: Liverpool Pigeon, Spotted Green Pigeon
English, HBW: Liverpool Pigeon
English (IOC): Spotted Green Pigeon
English (United States): Spotted Green Pigeon
Spanish: Paloma de Liverpool
Spanish (Spain): Paloma de Liverpool
Finnish: täplähuivikyyhky
French: Nicobar ponctué, Pigeon vert ponctué
Croatian: pjegavoleđi golub
Italian: Piccione di Liverpool
Japanese: マダラミノバト
Scientific: Caloenas maculata
Lithuanian: Dėmėtasis žaliasis karvelis
Dutch: Liverpoolduif
Norwegian: Plettdue
Polish: nikobarczyk plamisty
Portuguese: pombo-pontilhado
Portuguese (Portugal): pombo-verde-malhado
Russian: Ливерпульский голубь, Полинезийский голубь
Slovak: veľkohrivec krátkokrídly
Serbian: Pegavi zeleni golub
Swedish: liverpoolduva
Turkish: Liverpool güvercini
Ukrainian: голуб плямистий
Chinese: 点斑绿鸠
Chinese (Traditional): 斑點綠鳩

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