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Crested, Changeable or Flores Hawk-Eagle

Nisaetus [cirrhatus, limnaeetus or floris] (= Nisaetus cirrhatus) (Gmelin, JF 1788)

The changeable hawk-eagle or crested hawk-eagle (Nisaetus cirrhatus) is a large bird of prey species of the family Accipitridae. More informal or antiquated English common names include the marsh hawk-eagle or Indian crested hawk-eagle. It is a member of the subfamily Aquilinae, with signature feathers, absent in tropical raptors from outside this subfamily, covering the tarsus. It was formerly placed in the genus Spizaetus, but studies pointed to the group being paraphyletic resulting in the Old World members being placed in Nisaetus and separated from the New World species. It is a typical “hawk-eagle” in that it is an agile forest-dwelling predator and like many such eagles readily varies its prey selection between birds, mammals or reptiles as well as other vertebrates. Among the members of its genus, the changeable hawk-eagle stands out as the most widely distributed, adaptable and abundant species. Birds show a wide range of variation in plumage from pale to dark, varying with moult and age giving rise to the name "changeable". Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Accipitriformes
Family:
  Accipitridae
Genus:
   Nisaetus
Scientific:
  Nisaetus cirrhatus


Original description

Citation:
  (Gmelin, JF 1788)

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 13, vol. 1, part 1

Protonym:
  Falco cirrhatus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2896874


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  7189D28DFB65CBB9

Avibase ID:
  avibase-7189D28D

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/7189D28D


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 824093

Geographic range:

  • Nisaetus cirrhatus cirrhatus: Peninsular India
  • Nisaetus cirrhatus ceylanensis: Sri Lanka
  • Nisaetus cirrhatus andamanensis: Andaman Islands
  • Nisaetus limnaeetus limnaeetus: N India to Indochina, Malaya, Greater Sundas and Philippines
  • Nisaetus limnaeetus vanheurni: Simeulue I. (off w Sumatra)
  • Nisaetus floris: Lesser Sundas (Sumbawa, Komodo, Flores and Paloe)
  • Show more...
English:
Crested, Changeable or Flores Hawk-Eagle
French:
Aigle huppé ou A. de Florès


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Crested, Changeable or Flores Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [cirrhatus, limnaeetus or floris])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Changeable or Flores Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus [cirrhatus or floris])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Changeable or Flores Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus [cirrhatus or floris])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Changeable or Flores Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [cirrhatus or floris])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Crested, Changeable or Flores Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [cirrhatus, limnaeetus or floris])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Crested, Changeable or Flores Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [cirrhatus, limnaeetus or floris])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Crested, Changeable or Flores Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [cirrhatus, limnaeetus or floris])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Crested, Changeable or Flores Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [cirrhatus, limnaeetus or floris])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Crested, Changeable or Flores Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [cirrhatus, limnaeetus or floris])
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Aigle huppé ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Crested Hawk Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Crested Hawk Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Changeable Hawk Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Changeable Hawk Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Changeable Hawk Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Spizaetus cirrhatus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Spizaëtus cirrhatus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Spizaetus cirrhatus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Spizaetus cirrhatus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Bengali: ঝুটিয়াল শিকরেঈগল
Catalan: Àguila variable
Czech: Orel promenlivý, orel proměnlivý
Danish: Lysbuget Høgeørn
German: Haubenadler
English: Changeable Hawk Eagle, Changeable Hawk-Eagle, Changeable or Flores Hawk-Eagle, Crested Hawk Eagle, Crested, Changeable or Flores Hawk-Eagle
Spanish: Aguila-azor Variable, Águila-azor Variable
Estonian: välu-tuttkotkas
Finnish: Jalokotka
French: Aigle huppé, Aigle huppé ou A. de Florès
Hungarian: főkötős vitézsas
Indonesian: Elang brontok
Italian: Aquilastore variabile
Japanese (romaji): kawarikumataka
Japanese: カワリクマタカ
Japanese (Kanji): 変り熊鷹
Scientific: Falco cirrhatus, Nisaetus [cirrhatus or floris], Nisaetus [cirrhatus, limnaeetus or floris], Nisaetus cirrhatus, Nisaetus cirrhatus cirrhatus, Spizaetus [cirrhatus or floris], Spizaetus cirrhatus, Spizaëtus cirrhatus, Spizaetus cirrhatus cirrhatus
Lithuanian: Kuoduotasis peslinis erelis
Malayalam: കിന്നരിപ്പരുന്ത്‌  
Malay: Burung Lang Hindek, Helang Hindek
Nepali: शदलचील
Dutch: Indische Kuifarend
Norwegian: Vekselskogørn
Polish: wojownik indyjski, Wojownik malajski
Pinyin: fèng-tóu yīng-diāo
Portuguese: Gavião-variável
Russian: Изменчивый Орел, Изменчивый орёл, Изменчивый хохлатый орёл
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Perali Kondakussa
Slovak: orol viactvarý
Swedish: Indisk tofsörn
Tamil: Kudumi Parundhu
Thai: เหยี่ยวต่างสี
Thai (Transliteration): yìaw tàaŋ-sĭi
Ukrainian: Орел-чубань індійський
Vietnamese: Diều đầu nâu
Chinese: 凤头鹰雕
Chinese (Traditional): 鳳頭鷹鵰

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