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Royal Tern

Thalasseus maximus (Boddaert, 1783)




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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Thalasseus

Scientific:
  Thalasseus maximus

Citation:
  (Boddaert, 1783)

Reference:
  TablePlanchesEnlum. p.58

Protonym:
  Sterna maxima

Avibase ID:
  719935EF80BDF4AB

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/719935EF

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 824142

Geographic range:

  • Thalasseus maximus: breeds from southwestern United States (southern California) to northwestern Mexico (south to Sinaloa), and eastern United States through the West Indies to the Guianas and possibly Brazil, wintering south to Peru, Uruguay, and Argentina; also a disjunct breeding population in northern Argentina and southern Brazil
English:
Royal Tern
Catalan:
Xatrac reial bec-roig (americà)
Czech:
rybák královský (ssp. maximus)
Danish:
Amerikansk Kongeterne
German:
Königsseeschwalbe (maximus)
Spanish:
Charrán Real (americano)
Spanish (Spain):
Charrán real (americano)
Finnish:
kuningastiira (maximus)
French:
Sterne royale
Croatian:
kraljevska čigra
Hungarian:
Királycsér (Amerikai)
Icelandic:
Rosaþerna (maximus)
Italian:
Sterna reale
Japanese (romaji):
amerikaooajisashi (maximus)
Japanese:
アメリカオオアジサシ (maximus)
Lithuanian:
Karališkoji žuvėdra (maximus)
Dutch:
Koningsstern (Amerikaans)
Norwegian:
kongeterne (maximus)
Polish:
rybitwa królewska (maximus)
Portuguese:
trinta-réis-real / garajau-real
Portuguese (Brazil):
trinta-réis-real (maximus)
Russian:
Королевская крачка (maximus)
Slovak:
rybár veľký (skup.)
Serbian:
Kraljevska čigra (maximus)
Swedish:
kungstärna (maximus)
Ukrainian:
крячок королівський
Chinese:
橙嘴凤头燕鸥
Chinese (Traditional):
皇家鳳頭燕鷗


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Royal Tern ( Thalasseus maximus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Royal Tern ( Thalasseus maximus)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Royal Tern ( Thalasseus maximus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Royal Tern ( Thalasseus maximus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Royal Tern ( Thalasseus maximus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Royal Tern ( Thalasseus maximus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Royal Tern (American) ( Thalasseus maximus maximus) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Royal Tern ( Thalasseus maximus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Sterna maxima maxima [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Royal Tern ( Thalasseus maximus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Royal Tern ( Thalasseus maximus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Royal Tern ( Thalasseus maximus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Royal Tern ( Thalasseus maximus) [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Royal Tern ( Thalasseus maximus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Thalasseus maximus maximus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Thalasseus [maximus or albididorsalis] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Koningseeswael (Koningsterretjie), Koningsterretjie (Amerikaanse)
Asturian: Garrochín real (americanu)
Bulgarian: Кралска рибарка (ssp. maximus)
Catalan: Xatrac reial, Xatrac reial bec-roig (americà)
Czech: rybák královský, rybák královský (ssp. maximus)
Danish: Amerikansk Kongeterne, Kongeterne
German: Königsseeschwalbe, Königsseeschwalbe (maximus)
Greek: Διπλογλάρονο (maximus)
English: Nearctic Royal Tern, Royal Tern, Royal Tern (American)
English, HBW: Royal Tern (American)
English (IOC): Royal Tern, Royal Tern (American)
English (United States): Royal Tern (American)
Spanish: Charrán Real (americano), Charrán Real (maximus), Gaviotín Real
Spanish (Chile): Gaviotín real (maximus)
Spanish (Costa Rica): Pagaza Real (maximus)
Spanish (Ecuador): Gaviotín Real (maximus)
Spanish (Spain): Charrán real (americano), Charrán Real (maximus)
Spanish (HBW): Royal Tern (American)
Spanish (Mexico): Charrán Real (maximus)
Spanish (Panama): Gaviotín Real (maximus)
Spanish (Peru): Gaviotín Real (maximus)
Spanish (Paraguay): Gaviotín real (maximus)
Spanish (Uruguay): Gaviotín Real, Gaviotín Real (Subesp. maximus)
Estonian: kuningtiir
Basque: Txenada handia (maximus)
Finnish: kuningastiira, kuningastiira (maximus)
French: Sterne royale, Sterne royale (Amérique), Sterne royale (forme d'Amérique), Sterne royale (maximus)
Guadeloupean Creole French: Foquette, Mauve
Galician: Carrán real (maximus)
Croatian: kraljevska čigra
Hungarian: királycsér, Királycsér (Amerikai)
Icelandic: Rosaþerna, Rosaþerna (maximus)
Italian: Sterna reale
Japanese (romaji): amerikaooajisashi (maximus)
Japanese: アメリカオオアジサシ (maximus)
Scientific: Sterna maxima, Sterna maxima maxima, Thalasseus maximus, Thalasseus maximus maximus
Lithuanian: karališkoji žuvėdra, Karališkoji žuvėdra (maximus)
Latvian: karaliskais zīriņš
Dutch: Koningsstern, Koningsstern (Amerikaans)
Norwegian: Kongeterne, kongeterne (maximus)
Polish: rybitwa królewska, rybitwa królewska (maximus)
Portuguese: trinta-réis-real / garajau-real
Portuguese (Brazil): trinta-réis-real (maximus)
Portuguese (Portugal): Garajau-real (maximus)
Russian: Королевская крачка, Королевская крачка (maximus)
Northern Sami: Gonagasčearret
Slovak: rybár veľký, rybár veľký (skup.)
Slovenian: kraljeva čigra
Serbian: Kraljevska čigra (maximus)
Swedish: kungstärna, kungstärna (maximus)
Turkish: Kral Sumru (maximus)
Ukrainian: крячок королівський
Chinese: 橙嘴凤头燕鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 皇家鳳頭燕鷗

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