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Eurasian Great Tit

Parus major Linnaeus, 1758

The great tit is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. It is a widespread and common species throughout Europe, the Middle East, Central Asia and east across the Palearctic to the Amur River, south to parts of North Africa where it is generally resident in any sort of woodland; most great tits do not migrate except in extremely harsh winters. Until 2005 this species was lumped with numerous other subspecies. DNA studies have shown these other subspecies to be distinct from the great tit and these have now been separated as two distinct species, the cinereous tit of southern Asia, and the Japanese tit of East Asia. The great tit remains the most widespread species in the genus Parus. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Paridae
Genus:
   Parus
Scientific:
  Parus major


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.189

Protonym:
  Parus major

Link:
  http://www.archive.org/details/carolilinnaeisy01gesegoog


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  7296BC772F2643AD

Avibase ID:
  avibase-7296BC77

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/7296BC77


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 561864

Geographic range:

  • Parus major major: Europe to nw Iran, Siberia, Lake Baikal, Altai and Sayan mts.
  • Parus major [kapustini or bargaensis]: NW China (nw Xinjiang) to Mongolia and e Siberia
  • Parus major excelsus: NW Africa (Morocco to Tunisia)
  • Parus major corsus: Iberian Peninsula and Corsica
  • Parus major ecki: Sardinia
  • Parus major newtoni: British Isles
  • Parus major aphrodite: S Italy, Sicily, s Greece, Mediterranean islands and Cyprus
  • Parus major mallorcae: Balearic Islands
  • Parus major niethammeri: Crete
  • Parus major terraesanctae: NW Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Jordan
  • Parus major [blanfordi or karelini]: N Iraq and Iran
  • Parus major intermedius: NE Iran and adjacent sw Turkmenistan
  • Show more...
English:
Eurasian Great Tit
French:
Mésange charbonnière
Japanese (romaji):
shijuukara
Portuguese:
Chapim-real
Chinese (Traditional):
大山雀


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 3]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 3]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Eurasian Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Mésange charbonnière ( Parus major) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 3]
eBird version 1.53:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 3]
eBird version 1.54:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 4]
eBird version 1.55:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 2015:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 2016:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 2017:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 2018:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 2019:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 2]
eBird version 2021:
Great Tit (Great) ( Parus major [major Group]) [version 2]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Great Tit ( Parus major) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Parus [major, cinereus or minor] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4  5  6 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Abkhazian: аШшаӷьынұ, аШшаӷьыч, аШшаӷьычҟәаз
Arabic: القرقف الكبير, قرقف كبير (كبير)
Asturian: Beranín real [triba major], Branín, Veranín
Azerbaijani: böyük arıquş, iri arıquş, Iri arıquşu, İri arıquşu [major qrupu]
Bashkir: ҙур ҡарабаш турғай , ҡара башлы турғай, ҡарабаш турғай, майгис, майгүс, майсыл, майсыл турғай
Belarusian: Вялiкая сiнiца, Вялікая сініца, Сініца вялікая
Bulgarian: Голям симигер, Голям симигер (Група major), Голям синигер [Група major]
Bengali: বড় তিত
Breton: Ar pennglaou
Catalan: Ferrerico, Mallerenga carbonera, Mallerenga carbonera [grup major]
Catalan (Balears): Ferrerico
Valencian: Primavera
Montenegrin: velika śenica velika sjenica, velika sjenica, велика сјеница
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): велика сјеница
Czech: Sýkora konadra, sýkora koňadra, sýkora koňadra [skupina major], sýkora koňadra evropská
Chuvash: Кăсăя, пысăк кăсăя
Welsh: Titw mawr
Danish: musvit, Musvit (major), Musvit, Almindelig [major Gruppe], sortmejse
German: Kohlmeise, Kohlmeise [major Gruppe], Kohlmeise [major-Gruppe]
Greek: kalogeros, καλόγερος, Καλόγερος [major ομάδα], Καλόγερος [major]
English: Eurasian Great Tit, Great Tit, Great Tit (Great), Intermediate Tit
English, HBW: Great Tit (Great)
English (India): European Great Tit, European Great Tit (European), European Great Tit (Great)
English (IOC): Great Tit (Great)
English (United States): Great Tit (Great)
Esperanto: granda paruo
Spanish: Carbonero Comun, Carbonero Común, Carbonero Común (común), Carbonero Común (major), Herrerillo ciáneo
Spanish (Spain): Carbonero Común, Carbonero común (común), Carbonero Común (Grupo major)
Spanish (HBW): Great Tit (Great)
Estonian: rasvatihane
Basque: Kaskabeltz handia, Kaskabeltz handia [major taldekoa]
Persian: چرخ ‌ریسک بزرگ [major Group], چرخ‌ریسک بزرگ
Finnish: talitiainen, talitiainen [alalaji major]
Faroese: Stórtita, stórtíta
French: Mésange charbonnière, Mésange charbonnière (major), Mésange charbonnière (nominal), Mésange charbonnière [major]
Friulian: parussàt, parussule
Frisian: blokfink, Blokmies
Irish: meantán mór
Gaelic: Currac Bhain Tighearna
Galician: Ferreiriño real, Ferreiro común [grupo major]
Manx: Drean Mooar
Hebrew: ירגזי, ירגזי מצוי (אירופי)
Croatian: sjenica velika, Velika Sjenica, Velika Sjenica (major grupa)
Hungarian: Széncinege, Széncinege [major csoport]
Armenian: Մեծ Երաժտահավ, Մեծ երաշտահավ, Մեծ երաշտահավ (Սովորական)
Indonesian: Burung Gelatuk-batu Kelabu, Gelatik batu, Gelatikbatu Kelabu
Icelandic: Flotmeisa, Flotmeisa (major), Flotmeisa [major hópur]
Italian: Cinciallegra, Cinciallegra [gruppo major]
Japanese (romaji): shijū-kara, shijuukara, yo-roppashijuukara (major guru-pu)
Japanese: シジュウカラ, ヨーロッパシジュウカラ (major グループ), ヨーロッパシジュウカラ(major グループ)
Japanese (Kanji): 四十雀
Georgian: დიდი წივწივა, დიდი წიწკანა
Kara-Kalpak: қара тамақ, қурқылдай, тық-тық, шық-шық
Kabardian: цӀыжьдадэ
Mongolian, Halh: их хөх бух, их хөхбух, хөх бялзуухай
Khakas: Кöгiзек
Kazakh: Сарыбауыр шымшық, үлкен көкшымшық, үлкен сарыбауыр шымшық, үлкен сарышымшық
Kazakh (Transliteration): sarı-bawır şımşıq
Korean: 노랑배박새 (major group), 박새
Korean (Transliteration): bak-sae
Karachay-Balkar: герге чыпчыкъ, гергеджиз, уллу ала чыпчыкъ
North Karelian: šuuritijani
Cornish: Penglow bras
Kirghiz: кадимки кашка чымчык, сарыбоор чымчык, чоң кашка чымчык
Scientific: Parus cinereus, Parus cinereus cinereus, Parus major, Parus major [major Group], Parus major major
Luxembourgish: Schielmees
Limburgish: Zjwartkop
Lithuanian: Didžioji zyle, Didžioji zylė, Didžioji zylė [major grupė]
Latvian: Lielā zīlīte, Lielā zīlīte (major gr.)
Macedonian: Голема сипка
Malayalam: ചാരമരപ്പൊട്ടന്‍
Mongolian: дууд задуулай, Их хөх бух, Их хөхбух, хөх бялзуухай
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Дууд задуулай
Mongolian (Transliteration): duud zaduulai, ikh khökh bukh, ikh khökh-bukh
Moldavian: Pițigoi mare
Malay: Burung Serai Bakau
Maltese: Fjorentin
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): дууд задуулай, их хөх бух
Nepali: चिचिल्कोटे
Dutch: koolmees, Koolmees (major groep)
Norwegian: kjøttmeis, kjøttmeis (major gr.)
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): valgeipiätiaine
Polish: Bogatka, bogatka (gr. major), bogatka (zwyczajna), bogatka [gr. major], bogatka zwyczajna, sikora bogatka
Pinyin: bái-jiá shān-què, bái-liǎn shān-què, bái-miàn gōng, bái-miàn zhī, dà shān-què, hēi-zi, huā-liǎn què, huā-liǎn wáng, huī shān-què, shān zǎizǎi hēi, yáng fèn-dàn, zǎizǎi-hēi, zhībo, zhīzhī hēi, zhī-zhī hóng, zǐ-guī niǎo, zǐzǐ hēi
Portuguese: Chapim-real
Portuguese (Portugal): Chapim-real, Chapim-real [grupo major]
Romansh: maset grond
Romanian: Pițigoi mare, Piţigoi
Russian: Большая синица, Большая синица [группа major], Синица большая
Yakut: татыйыга, татыйык, татыйыктар, улахан чычып-чаап
Sardinian: Acutzaferru
Scots: Currac bhain tighearna
Northern Sami: buoidegaccet, fiskesgaccet
Slovak: sýkorka veľká, sýkorka veľká (skup.)
Slovenian: velika sinica, Velika sinica [major]
Albanian: trishtili i madh
Serbian: Velika senica [major grupa], velika sjenica
Swedish: talgoxe , talgoxe [gruppen major], talgoxe [major Group]
Thai: นกติ้ดใหญ่, นกติ๊ดใหญ่, นกติตใหญ่
Thai (Transliteration): nók tít yày, nók tìt yày, nók tît yày
Turkmen: uly gögümtil jikjiki
Turkish: Büyük baştankara, Büyük Baştankara [major Grubu], Сарыбауыр шымшық
Tatar: гади песнәк , зур песнәк , йәшел чыпчык (мишәр)
Tuvinian: Улуг көк-хөкпеш
Udmurt: бадӟым пислэг, гурт пислэг, гуртпислэг, киса, кӧйсиись, кокась пислэг, пежа, пислэг, пистрай
Ukrainian: Велика синиця, Синиця велика, Синиця велика [група major]
Uzbek: катта читтак
Vietnamese: Bạc má, Chim Bạc má
Kalmyk: ик көквш
Chinese: 仔仔黑, 吇吇黑, 吱吱嘿, 吱吱红, 吱啵, 大山雀, 大山雀(欧洲), 子归鸟, 山仔仔黑, 灰山雀, 白脸山雀, 白面公, 白面只, 羊粪蛋, 花脸王, 花脸雀, 黑子
Chinese (Traditional): 仔仔黑, 吇吇黑, 吱吱嘿, 吱吱紅, 吱吱黑, 吱啵, 大山雀, 大山雀(欧洲), 子歸鳥, 山仔仔黑, 灰山雀, 白臉山雀, 白面公, 白面只, 羊糞蛋, 花臉王, 花臉雀, 黑子
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 白頰山雀
Chinese (Taiwan): 白頰山雀 , 白颊山雀

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