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Black-backed Forktail

Enicurus immaculatus (Hodgson, BH 1836)

The black-backed forktail, occasionally referred to as the black-throated forktail, is a forktail species in the family Muscicapidae. The species was described in 1836, from a specimen collected in Nepal. It is a medium-sized forktail, weighing between 25 and 29 grams, with a length of 20.5 to 23 centimetres. The species has a broad white stripe across its forehead. The crown, face, and mantle are black, while the bird's underparts are white, sharply divided from the black above. The wings are largely black with a broad white stripe across the greater coverts. The tail of the species, similar to that of other forktails, is long, graduated, and deeply forked. The tail is black with a white tip and three white bands created by shorter tail feathers. The beak of the bird is black, while the feet and legs are light pink, and the iris is brown. The species is monomorphic. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Muscicapidae
Genus:
   Enicurus
Scientific:
  Enicurus immaculatus


Original description

Citation:
  (Hodgson, BH 1836)

Reference:
   Asiat. Res. Trans. Soc. Bengal 19 p.190

Protonym:
  Motacilla (Enicurus) Immaculatus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/43118083


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  7520AC0134D2B45C

Avibase ID:
  avibase-7520AC01

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/7520AC01


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 559910

Geographic range:

  • Enicurus immaculatus: Rocky streams of n India to Myanmar, sw China, nw Thailand
English:
Black-backed Forktail
Catalan:
enicur de dors negre
Czech:
drozdek černohřbetý
Danish:
Sortrygget Kløfthale
German:
Schwarzrücken-Scherenschwanz
Spanish:
Torrentero Dorsinegro
Spanish (Spain):
Torrentero Dorsinegro
Finnish:
nokihaarapyrstö
French:
Énicure à dos noir
Croatian:
crnoleđa rašljorepka
Hungarian:
feketehátú villásrigó
Italian:
Codaforcuta dorsonero
Japanese (romaji):
seguroenbishikichou
Japanese:
セグロエンビシキチョウ
Lithuanian:
Juodnugaris šakotuodegis strazdas
Dutch:
Zwartrugvorkstaart
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Svartryggkløftstjert
Norwegian:
Svartryggkløftstjert
Polish:
widłogon czarnogrzbiety
Portuguese:
torrenteiro-de-dorso-preto
Russian:
Черноспинная вилохвостка
Slovak:
vidličiarka čiernokrká
Serbian:
Crnoleđa rašljorepka
Swedish:
svartryggig klyvstjärt
Ukrainian:
Вилохвістка чорноспинна
Chinese:
黑背燕尾
Chinese (Traditional):
黑背燕尾


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Énicure à dos noir ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Énicure à dos noir ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 1st edition:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements, version 2021:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements, version 2022:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 3rd edition:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 4th edition:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 6th edition:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements, version 2015:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements, version 2016:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements, version 2017:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements, version 2018:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Clements, version 2019:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
eBird version 1.50:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
eBird version 1.52:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
eBird version 1.53:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
eBird version 1.54:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
eBird version 1.55:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
eBird version 2015:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
eBird version 2016:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
eBird version 2017:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
eBird version 2018:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
eBird version 2019:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
eBird version 2021:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
eBird version 2022:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Oriental Bird Club:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Enicurus immaculatus
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Enicurus immaculatus
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Enicurus immaculatus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Black-backed Forktail ( Enicurus immaculatus)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Enicurus immaculatus
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Enicurus immaculatus

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Bengali: কালাপিঠ চেরালেজ
Catalan: enicur de dors negre
Czech: drozdek černohřbetý, Drozdencík cernohrbetý, modráček černohřbetý
Danish: Sortrygget Kløfthale, Vipstjertdrossel
German: Schwarzrücken-Scherenschwanz
English: Black backed Forktail, Black-backed Forktail
English, HBW: Black-backed Forktail
English (IOC): Black-backed Forktail
English (United States): Black-backed Forktail
Esperanto: Senmakula forkovostulo
Spanish: Enicurino de Lomo Negro, Torrentero Dorsinegro
Spanish (Spain): Torrentero Dorsinegro
Spanish (HBW): Black-backed Forktail
Estonian: birma käärsaba
Finnish: Nokihaarapyrstö
French: Enicure à dos noir, Énicure à dos noir
Croatian: crnoleđa rašljorepka
Hungarian: feketehátú villásrigó
Italian: Codaforcuta dorsonero
Japanese (romaji): se-guro enbi shikichō, seguroembishikichou, seguroenbishikichou
Japanese: セグロエンビシキチョウ
Japanese (Kanji): 背黒燕尾四季鳥
Scientific: Enicurus immaculatus, Motacilla (Enicurus) Immaculatus
Lithuanian: Juodnugaris šakotuodegis strazdas
Nepali: कालोढाडे खोले धोबिनी
Dutch: Zwartrugvorkstaart, Zwartrug-vorkstaart
Norwegian Nynorsk: Svartryggkløftstjert
Norwegian: Svartryggkløftstjert
Polish: widlogon czarnogrzbiety, widłogon czarnogrzbiety
Pinyin: bái-méi hēi-bèi yàn-wěi, hēi-bèi yàn-wěi
Portuguese: torrenteiro-de-dorso-preto
Portuguese (Portugal): torrenteiro-de-dorso-preto
Russian: Черноспинная вилохвостка, Черноспинный пегий дрозд
Slovak: vidličiarka čiernokrká
Serbian: Crnoleđa rašljorepka
Swedish: Svartryggad klyvstjärt, svartryggig klyvstjärt
Thai: นกกางเขนน้ำหลังดำ
Thai (Transliteration): nók kaaŋ-kʰĕen-náam lăŋ-dam
Turkish: Kara sırtlı çatalkuyruk
Ukrainian: Вилохвістка чорноспинна
Chinese: 白眉黑背燕尾, 黑背燕尾
Chinese (Traditional): 白眉黑背燕尾, 黑背燕尾

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