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Spotted Nutcracker

Nucifraga caryocatactes (Linnaeus, C 1758)

The spotted nutcracker, Eurasian nutcracker, or just nutcracker, is a passerine bird slightly larger than the Eurasian jay. It has a much larger bill and a slimmer looking head without any crest. The feathering over its body is predominantly chocolate brown with distinct white spots and streaks. The wings and upper tail are virtually black with a greenish-blue gloss. It is one of three species of nutcracker. The Kashmir nutcracker, was formerly considered a subspecies of the spotted. The other member of the genus, Clark's nutcracker, occurs in western North America. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Corvidae
Genus:
   Nucifraga
Scientific:
  Nucifraga caryocatactes


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, C 1758)

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.106

Protonym:
  Corvus Caryocatactes

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727011


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  76C74B102E7F401F

Avibase ID:
  avibase-76C74B10

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/76C74B10


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 561630

Geographic range:

  • Nucifraga caryocatactes caryocatactes: Scandinavia to n and e Europe; > to s Russia
  • Nucifraga caryocatactes macrorhynchos: N and ne Asia; irruptions to n Iran, Korea and n China
  • Nucifraga caryocatactes japonica: Central and s Kuril Islands, Hokkaido and Honshu
  • Nucifraga caryocatactes rothschildi: Tien Shan Mountains (Kazakhstan)
  • Nucifraga caryocatactes hemispila: Himalayas (w Nepal to s Kashmir)
  • Nucifraga caryocatactes owstoni: Taiwan
  • Nucifraga caryocatactes interdicta: Mountains of n China (Liaoning)
  • Nucifraga caryocatactes macella (macella): E Himalayas to s Tibet, w Nepal, n Myanmar and sw China
  • Nucifraga caryocatactes macella (yunnanensis): SW China (Yunnan)
  • Show more...
English:
Spotted Nutcracker
Catalan:
trencanous eurasiàtic
Czech:
Ořešník kropenatý
Danish:
Nøddekrige
German:
Tannenhäher
Spanish:
Cascanueces Común
Spanish (Spain):
Cascanueces Común
Finnish:
Pähkinähakki
French:
Cassenoix moucheté
Croatian:
Kreja
Hungarian:
fenyőszajkó
Icelandic:
Hnotbrjótur
Italian:
Nocciolaia
Japanese (romaji):
hoshigarasu
Japanese:
ホシガラス
Lithuanian:
Riešutinė
Dutch:
Notenkraker
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Nøttekråke
Norwegian:
Nøttekråke
Polish:
orzechówka
Portuguese:
Quebra-nozes
Russian:
Кедровка
Slovak:
orešnica perlavá
Serbian:
Lešnikara
Swedish:
nötkråka
Ukrainian:
Горіхівка
Chinese:
星鸦
Chinese (Traditional):
星鴉


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Spotted nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Spotted nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Spotted nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Spotted nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Spotted nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Spotted nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Spotted nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes)
Clements, version 2021:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
Eurasian Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Spotted Nutcracker ( Nucifraga caryocatactes) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Nucifraga caryocatactes [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Nucifraga [caryocatactes or multipunctata] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Abkhazian: аҦсаӷьүыс
Afrikaans: Neutekraker
Altai: тарал
Asturian: Frayanueces euroasiáticu, Pega
Aragonese: Picaraza
Azerbaijani: adi sidr quşu, Cəvizqıran, Sağsağan, sidr quşu
Belarusian: Aрэхаўка, Арэхаўка
Bulgarian: Сокерица
Bengali: বাচাল
Breton: Tarzher-kraon Eurazia
Catalan: Trencanous, trencanous eurasiàtic
Valencian: Garsa
Montenegrin: lješnjikara, љешњикара
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): љешњикара
Czech: Orešník kropenatý, Ořešnik kropenatý, Ořešník kropenatý
Chuvash: кедр кайăкĕ, мăйăр кайăкĕ, ронкăш, рункăш
Welsh: Malwr Cnau
Danish: Nøddekrige
German: Tannenhäher
Greek: Καρυοθραύστης
Emiliano-romagnolo: Gàza
English: Eurasian Nutcracker, Nutcracker, Spotted nutcracker
English (United Kingdom): Spotted Nutcracker
English, HBW: Northern/Southern Nutcracker
English (India): Eurasian Nutcracker, Eurasian Nutcracker (Spotted Nutcracker)
English (IOC): Spotted Nutcracker
English (United States): Eurasian Nutcracker
Esperanto: nuksrompulo
Spanish: Cascanueces (común), Cascanueces Común, Cascanueces norteño
Spanish (Spain): Cascanueces Común
Spanish (HBW): Cascanueces común
Estonian: Mänsak
Basque: Intxaurjale, Intxaur-jale, Intxaurjalea
Evenki: огоди, оӈоди, оӈоли, оӈоло, чэптэрэ̄кэ̄н, эӈэлипкӣ, эӈэлэ̄
Persian: زاغ خالدار, فندق شکن, فندق‌شکن خالدار
Finnish: Pähkinähakki
Faroese: krákukárn
French: Cassenoix moucheté
Friulian: Cheche, frachenolis, papenoles
Frisian: Nutekreaker, Nûtekreaker
Irish: Cnóire
Gaelic: Cnòthair
Galician: Quebranoces
Guarani: Aka'ê
Gujarati: કપોત
Manx: Scolteyder croiyn
Hebrew: קיק
Hindi: कपोत
Croatian: Kreja
Hungarian: Fenyoszajkó, Fenyőszajkó
Armenian: կաչաղակ
Icelandic: Hnotbrjótur
Italian: Nocciolaia, Nocciolaia eurasiatica
Napulitano: Mita
Japanese (romaji): dake-garasu, hoshi garasu, hoshigarasu, take-garasu
Japanese: タケガラス, ダケガラス, ホシガラス
Japanese (Kanji): 岳烏, 星烏, 星鴉
Georgian: თხილიტეხია, კაჭკაჭი
Mongolian, Halh: бидэрт самарч шаазгай, бидэрт самарчшаазгай, самарч бялзуухай, самарч шаазгай, цуурай
Khakas: Кеерген
Kazakh: Самыркеш, самырсын, самырсын құсы, самырсын торғайы, ұзын аяқ маса
Kazakh (Transliteration): samırkeş
Korean: 잣까마귀
Korean (Transliteration): jat-kkamagwi
Karachay-Balkar: чегет чаука, чертлеук чыпчыкъ, Чыкъинжик
Karelian: Harakku
Kurmanji: Qelabaçke
Cornish: Crakyer know
Kirghiz: карагай карга, чаар карга
Scientific: Corvus Caryocatactes, Nucifraga caryocatactes, Nucifraga caryocatactes caryocatactes
Luxembourgish: Nëssknacker , Nëssknackert
Ligurian: Berta
Ladin: Gacia
Lithuanian: Paprastoji riešutinė, Riešutine, Riešutinė
Latvian: Riekstrozis
Moksha: Саезьган
Macedonian: Лешникарка
Mongolian: бидэрт самарч шаазгай, Бидэрт самарчшаазгай, самарч бялзуухай, Самарч шаазгай, цуурай
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠪᠢᠲᠡᠷᠲᠣ ᠰᠠᠮᠣᠷᠴᠢ ᠱᠠᠭᠠᠵᠠᠭᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠰᠠᠮᠣᠷᠴᠢ ᠱᠠᠭᠠᠵᠠᠭᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Цуурай
Mongolian (Transliteration): bidert samarch-shaazgai, samarch shaazg ai, tsuurai
Moldavian: Alunar
Marathi: पारवा
Malay: Burung Murai
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): цуурай
Dutch: Notenkraker
Flemish: Ekster
Norwegian Nynorsk: Nøttekråke
Norwegian: Nøttekråke
Napoletano-calabrese: Carcarazza
Occitan: Agassa
Punjabi: ਨੀਲਕੰਠ
Polish: orzechówka, orzechówka (zwyczajna)
Pinyin: xīng yā
Portuguese: Quebra-nozes
Portuguese (Portugal): Quebra-nozes, quebra-nozes-malhado
Quechua: Misti taraqachi
Romansh: Cratschla
Rhaeto-Romance: Cratschla
Romanian: Alunar
Russian: Кедровка, Ореховка
Sanskrit: चाषः
Yakut: оҥоло
Northern Sami: Niehttegarjá
Slovak: orešnica perlavá
Slovenian: Krekovt
Albanian: Boçethyesi
Serbian: Lešnikara, Lešnjikara, lješnikara
Swedish: Nötkråka
Tajik: ардич
Turkmen: Alahekik
Turkish: Göknar Kargası, Köknar Kargası, Самыркеш
Tatar: Savusqan, чиклэвек чыпчыгы, эрбет чыпчыгы , эрбетче
Tuvinian: Кээрген
Udmurt: пушмульы куадась, пушмульы сиись, пушмульыкуадась, тайга юбер, юбер
Ukrainian: Горіхівка, Горіхівка крапчаста
Uzbek: қарағай қарға, кедровка
Venetian: Gasa
Sorbian, Lower: Sroka
Sorbian, Upper: Sroka
Kalmyk: оңһала
Chinese: 星鸦
Chinese (Traditional): 星鴉
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 星鴉
Chinese (Taiwan): 星鸦

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