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Siberian Crane

Leucogeranus leucogeranus Pallas, 1773

The Siberian Crane (Leucogeranus leucogeranus), also known as the Siberian White Crane or the Snow Crane, is a bird of the family Gruidae, the cranes. They are distinctive among the cranes, adults are nearly all snowy white, except for their black primary feathers that are visible in flight and with two breeding populations in the Arctic tundra of western and eastern Russia. The eastern populations migrate during winter to China while the western population winters in Iran and formerly, in India. Among the cranes, they make the longest distance migrations. Their populations, particularly those in the western range, have declined drastically in the 20th century due to hunting along their migration routes and habitat degradation. The world population was estimated in 2010 at about 3,200 birds, mostly belonging to the eastern population with about 95% of them wintering in the Poyang lake basin in China, a habitat that may be altered by the Three Gorges Dam. In western Siberia there are only around ten of these cranes in the wild. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Gruiformes
Family:
  Gruidae
Genus:
  Leucogeranus

Scientific:
  Leucogeranus leucogeranus

Citation:
  Pallas, 1773

Reference:
  ReiseVersch.Provin.Russ.Reichs 2 p.714

Protonym:
  Grus Leucogeranus

Avibase ID:
  77845DAD1C49E8F1

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/77845DAD

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176185


CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Leucogeranus leucogeranus: Breeds Arctic Siberia; winters to n India and China
English:
Siberian Crane
Czech:
jeřáb bílý
German:
Schneekranich
Danish:
Snetrane
Spanish:
Grulla Siberiana
Finnish:
lumikurki
French:
Grue de Sibérie
Icelandic:
Snjótrana
Italian:
Gru siberiana
Japanese:
sodegurozuru
Japanese:
ソデグロヅル
Dutch:
Siberische Witte Kraanvogel
Norwegian:
Snøtrane
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Snøtrane
Polish:
zuraw bialy
Portuguese:
Grou-branco
Russian:
Стерх
Slovak:
žeriav biely
Swedish:
snötrana
Ukrainian:
Журавель білий
Chinese:
白鹤


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Grue de Sibérie ( Grus leucogeranus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Grue de Sibérie ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 1st edition:
Siberian White Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 3rd edition:
Siberian White Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 4th edition:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 6th edition:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements, version 2015:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Clements, version 2016:
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Clements, version 2017:
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Clements, version 2018:
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Clements, version 2019:
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
eBird version 1.50:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
eBird version 1.52:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
eBird version 1.53:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
eBird version 1.54:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
eBird version 1.55:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
eBird version 2015:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
eBird version 2016:
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
eBird version 2017:
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
eBird version 2018:
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
eBird version 2019:
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Great White Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Great White Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Siberian Crane ( Leucogeranus leucogeranus)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Oriental Bird Club:
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
James Lee Peters:
Grus leucogeranus
James Lee Peters (original):
Grus leucogeranus
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Grus leucogeranus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Siberian Crane ( Grus leucogeranus)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Grus leucogeranus
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Grus leucogeranus

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Araucanian: Yukuku
Mapundungun: Yukuku
Aymara: Khullu-lluthu
Azerbaijani: Ağ durna, Bildirçin quşu
Belarusian: Белы жораў
Bulgarian: Бял жерав
Catalan: Grua siberiana, Guatla
Valencian: Guatla
Czech: Jeráb bílý, Jeřáb bílý
Danish: Snetrane
German: Nonnenkranich, Schneekranich
Emiliano-romagnolo: Quaja
English: Great White Crane, Siberian Crane, Siberian White Crane, White Crane
English (IOC): Siberian Crane
Esperanto: Blanka gruo
Spanish: Grulla de Siberia, Grulla Siberiana
Spanish (Spain): Grulla Siberiana
Spanish (HBW): Grulla siberiana
Estonian: valgekurg
Persian: درنای سیبری , درنای سیبری (سفید)
Finnish: Lumikurki
French: Grue blanche, Grue blanche d'Asie, Grue blanche de Sibérie, Grue de Sibérie, Grue sibérienne
Friulian: Cuaie
Frisian: Sybearyske Kraan
Galician: Paspallás
Guarani: Ynambu
Gujarati: તીતર જેવું એક પક્ષી
Hebrew: עגור סיבירי
Hindi: बटेर
Croatian: Bijeli ždral, Sibirski ždral
Hungarian: hódaru, Szibériai daru
Icelandic: Snjótrana
Italian: Gru bianca asiatica, Gru siberiana
Japanese: Sode guro-zuru, sodeguroduru, sodegurozuru, Sode-guro-zuru, Sodeguro-zuru
Japanese: ソデグロヅル
Japanese (Kanji): 袖黒鶴
Georgian: [mts'q'eri], მწყერი
Khakas: Ах турна
Kazakh: Ақ тырна, Бөдене
Kazakh (Transliteration): aq tırna
Korean: 시베리아흰두루미
Korean (Transliteration): Siberia-huin-durumi
Scientific: Bugeranus leucogeranus, Grus leucogeranus, Leucogeranus leucogeranus
Ladin: Caia
Lithuanian: Baltoji gervė, Sibirinė gervė
Latvian: baltā dzērve
Mongolian: Цагаан тогоруу
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Цагаан тогоруу
Mongolian (Transliteration): tsag aaŋ togoruu
Marathi: होला पक्षी
Dutch: Siberische kraanvogel, Siberische witte kraanvogel, Sibirische witte kraanvogel, Witte Kraanvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk: Snøtrane
Norwegian: Snøtrane
Occitan: Catla
Punjabi: ਬਟੇਰ
Polish: Zuraw bially, Żuraw bially, Żuraw białly, zuraw bialy, żuraw biały
Pinyin: bái-hè, hēi-xiù hè, xībólìyà bái-hè
Portuguese: Grou-branco, Grou-siberiano
Portuguese (Portugal): Grou-siberiano
Romansh: Quacra, Quaiglia
Romanian: Dropya
Romany: Dropya
Russian: белый журавль, Стерх, Стерх журавль
Sanskrit: वर्तकः
Sindhi: ى وٍبي ثٓ يَ ي ) ٴٕى ي(
Slovak: Žeriav biely
Slovenian: Snežni žerjav, Žerjav beli
Serbian: Sibirski ždral, Бели ждрал
Swedish: Snötrana
Turkish: Ak turna, Rahibe Turnası, Ақ тырна
Tuvinian: Ак дуруяа
Ukrainian: Білий журавель, Журавель білий , Стерх
Venetian: Quaja
Sorbian, Lower: Paśpula
Sorbian, Upper: Pocpula
Chinese: [bai-he], [hei-xiu he], [Xiboliya bai-he], 白 鹤, 白鶴, 白鹤, 西伯利亚白鹤, 黑袖鹤
Chinese (Traditional): 白鶴, 白鶴〔西伯利亞鶴〕, 西伯利亞鶴, 黑袖鶴

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