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Black-necked Crane

Grus nigricollis Przevalski, NM 1876

The Black-necked Crane is a medium-sized crane in Asia that breeds on the Tibetan Plateau and remote parts of India and Bhutan. It is 139 cm (55 in) long with a 235 cm (7.8 ft) wingspan, and it weighs 5.5 kg (12 lbs). It is whitish-gray, with a black head, red crown patch, black upper neck and legs, and white patch to the rear of the eye. It has black primaries and secondaries. Both sexes are similar. Some populations are known to make seasonal movements. It is revered in Buddhist traditions and culturally protected across much of its range. A festival in Bhutan celebrates the bird while the Indian union territory of Ladakh has designated it as the state bird. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Gruiformes
Family:
  Gruidae
Genus:
   Grus
Scientific:
  Grus nigricollis


Original description

Citation:
  Przevalski, NM 1876

Reference:
   Mongol. Strana Tangut. Trekhl. Putesh., Ptitsy 2 p.135

Protonym:
  Grus nigricollis


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  7A78AD1C9585A6F7

Avibase ID:
  avibase-7A78AD1C

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/7A78AD1C


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176187


NEAR THREATENED

Geographic range:

  • Grus nigricollis: Breeds Tibetan plateau; winters to ne India and s China
English:
Black-necked Crane
Catalan:
Grua collnegra
Czech:
jeřáb černokrký
Danish:
Sorthalset Trane
German:
Schwarzhalskranich
Spanish:
Grulla Cuellinegra
Spanish (Spain):
Grulla Cuellinegra
Finnish:
mustakaulakurki
French:
Grue à cou noir
Croatian:
crnovrati ždral
Hungarian:
kormosfejű daru
Icelandic:
Móskutrana
Italian:
Gru collonero
Japanese (romaji):
ogurozuru
Japanese:
オグロヅル
Lithuanian:
Juodakaklė gervė
Dutch:
Zwarthalskraanvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Svarthalstrane
Norwegian:
Svarthalstrane
Polish:
żuraw czarnoszyi
Portuguese:
Grou-de-pescoço-preto
Russian:
Черношейный журавль
Slovak:
žeriav čiernokrký
Serbian:
Crnovrati ždral
Swedish:
svarthalsad trana
Ukrainian:
Журавель чорношиїй
Chinese:
黑颈鹤
Chinese (Traditional):
黑頸鶴


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6b (Jul 2022):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Grue à cou noir ( Grus nigricollis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Grue à cou noir ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 1st edition:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements, version 2021:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements, version 2022:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 3rd edition:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 4th edition:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 6th edition:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements, version 2015:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements, version 2016:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements, version 2017:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements, version 2018:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Clements, version 2019:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
eBird version 1.50:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
eBird version 1.52:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
eBird version 1.53:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
eBird version 1.54:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
eBird version 1.55:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
eBird version 2015:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
eBird version 2016:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
eBird version 2017:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
eBird version 2018:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
eBird version 2019:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
eBird version 2021:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
eBird version 2022:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Oriental Bird Club:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Grus nigricollis
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Grus nigricollis
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Grus nigricollis
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Black-necked Crane ( Grus nigricollis)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Grus nigricollis
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Grus nigricollis

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Swartnekkraanvoël
Azerbaijani: qaraboyun durna
Bashkir: ҡарамуйын торна
Belarusian: Чарнашыйны журавель
Bulgarian: Черноврат жерав
Bengali: কামরাঘাড় ঳ায঳
Bengali (transliteration): kālōghāṛa sārasa
Breton: Garan gouzoug du
Catalan: Grua collnegra
Montenegrin: crnovrati ždral, црноврати ждрал
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): црноврати ждрал
Czech: Jeráb cernokrký, jeřáb černokrký
Chuvash: xypa мăйлă тăрна
Welsh: Garan gyddfddu
Danish: Sorthalset Trane
German: Schwarzhalskranich
Greek: Μαυρολαίμης γερανός
English: Black-necked Crane
English, HBW: Black-necked Crane
English (IOC): Black-necked Crane
English (United States): Black-necked Crane
Esperanto: Nigrakola gruo
Spanish: Grulla Cuellinegra, Grulla de Cuello Negro
Spanish (Spain): Grulla Cuellinegra
Spanish (HBW): Black-necked Crane
Estonian: mägikurg
Finnish: Huppukurki, mustakaulakurki
French: Grue à cou noir
Friulian: grue cul cuel neri
Frisian: Swarthalskraan
Irish: Grús píbdhubh
Galician: Grou de pescozo negro
Hebrew: עגור שחור-צוואר
Croatian: crnovrati ždral
Hungarian: kormosfejű daru
Icelandic: Móskutrana
Italian: Gru collonero
Japanese (romaji): o-guro zuru, oguroduru, ogurozuru
Japanese: オグロヅル
Japanese (Kanji): 尾黒鶴
Kara-Kalpak: қара мойынлы тырна
Mongolian, Halh: хар тогоруу
Kazakh: қара мойынды тырна, қарамойын тырна
Kirghiz: кара моюн турна
Scientific: Grus nigricollis
Lithuanian: Juodakaklė gervė
Latvian: melnkakla dzērve
Macedonian: Црноврат жерав
Mongolian: Төвд тогоруу, хар тогоруу
Maltese: għarnuq għonqu iswed, għarnuq ta' għonqu iswed
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): хар тогоруу
Nepali: कालीकण्ठ सारस
Dutch: Zwarthalskraanvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk: Svarthalstrane
Norwegian: Svarthalstrane
Polish: zuraw czarnoszyi, żuraw czarnoszyi
Pinyin: hēi-jǐng hè
Portuguese: Grou-de-pescoço-preto
Portuguese (Portugal): grou-de-pescoço-preto
Rhaeto-Romance: Gru dal culiez nair
Romanian: Cocor cu gât negru
Russian: Черношейный журавль
Yakut: хара моойдоох туруйа
Northern Sami: Čáhppesčeabeguorga
Slovak: Žeriav ciernokrký, Žeriav čiernokrký
Slovenian: Črnovrati žerjav
Serbian: Crnovrati ždral
Swedish: Svarthalsad trana
Tajik: турнаи сиѐҳгардан
Turkish: Kara Başlı Turna, Kara boyunlu turna, Kara gerdanlı turna
Tatar: карамуенлы торна
Tuvinian: кара моюуннуг дуруяа
Ukrainian: Журавель чорношиїй
Vietnamese: Chim Sếu cổ đen, Chim Sếu xám, Sếu xám
Kalmyk: хар күзүтә тоһрун
Chinese: 黑颈鹤
Chinese (Traditional): 黑頸鶴

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