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Hawaiian Hawk

Buteo solitarius Peale, 1848

The Hawaiian Hawk or ʻIo (Buteo solitarius) is a raptor of the Buteo genus endemic to Hawaiʻi. Buteos tend to be easily recognized by their bulky bodies relative to their overall length and wingspan. The ʻIo is the only hawk that is native to Hawaiʻi, and fossil evidence indicates that it inhabited the island of Hawaiʻi, Molokaʻi, Oʻahu, and Kauaʻi at one time. Today, it is known to breed only on the Big Island, in stands of native ʻōhiʻa lehua (Metrosideros polymorpha) trees. The species is protected as an endangered species in the United States. However, the IUCN classifies the species as Near Threatened. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Accipitriformes
Family:
  Accipitridae
Genus:
  Buteo

Scientific:
  Buteo solitarius

Citation:
  Peale, 1848

Reference:
  U.S.Expl.Exped. 8 p.62

Protonym:
  Buteo solitarius

Avibase ID:
  7B3AB998C7653480

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/7B3AB998

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 175394


NEAR THREATENED

Geographic range:

  • Buteo solitarius: Forests of Hawaii (Hawaiian Islands)
English:
Hawaiian Hawk
Czech:
káně havajská
German:
Hawaiibussard
Danish:
Hawaiivåge
Spanish:
Busardo Hawaiano
Finnish:
havaijinhiirihaukka
French:
Buse d'Hawaï
Italian:
Poiana delle Hawaii
Japanese:
hawainosuri
Japanese:
ハワイノスリ
Dutch:
Hawaiibuizerd
Norwegian:
Hawaiivåk
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Hawaiivåk
Polish:
myszolów hawajski
Portuguese:
Gavião-havaiano
Russian:
Канюк-отшельник
Slovak:
myšiak samotársky
Swedish:
hawaiivråk
Ukrainian:
Канюк гавайський
Chinese:
夏威夷鵟


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Buse d'Hawaï ( Buteo solitarius)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Buse d'Hawaï ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 1st edition:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 3rd edition:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 4th edition:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 6th edition:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements, version 2015:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements, version 2016:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements, version 2017:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Clements, version 2018:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
eBird version 1.50:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
eBird version 1.52:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
eBird version 1.53:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
eBird version 1.54:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
eBird version 1.55:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
eBird version 2015:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
eBird version 2016:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
eBird version 2017:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
eBird version 2018:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
James Lee Peters:
Buteo solitarius
James Lee Peters (original):
Buteo solitarius
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Buteo solitarius
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Hawaiian Hawk ( Buteo solitarius)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Buteo solitarius
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Buteo solitarius

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Catalan: Aligot de Hawaii
Czech: Káne havajská, káně havajská
Danish: Hawaiivåge
German: Hawaiibussard, Hawiibussard
English: Gruber's Hawk, Hawaiian Buzzard, Hawaiian Hawk, Io, lo
English (Hawaii): ʻIo - Hawaiian Hawk
English (IOC): Hawaiian Hawk
Spanish: Busardo Hawaiano, Gavilán Hawaiano
Spanish (Spain): Busardo Hawaiano
Spanish (HBW): Hawaiian Hawk
Estonian: havai viu
Finnish: Havaijinhiirihaukka
French: Buse d’Hawaï, Buse de Hawaï, Buse d'Hawaï
Hawaiian: 'Io
Hungarian: hawaii ölyv
Italian: Poiana delle Hawaii
Japanese: hawainosuri
Japanese: ハワイノスリ
Scientific: Buteo solitarius
Lithuanian: Havajinis suopis
Dutch: Hawaiibuizerd, Hawaii-buizerd
Norwegian Nynorsk: Hawaiivåk
Norwegian: Hawaiivåk
Polish: myszolów hawajski, myszołów hawajski
Portuguese: Gavião-havaiano
Russian: Канюк-отшельник
Slovak: myšiak samotársky
Serbian: Havajski mišar
Swedish: Hawaiivråk
Ukrainian: Канюк гавайський
Chinese: 夏威夷鵟
Chinese (Traditional): 孤鵟

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