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Vermilion Flycatcher [obscurus]

Pyrocephalus rubinus [obscurus] (= Pyrocephalus rubinus obscurus) Gould, J 1839

The vermilion flycatcher is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family found throughout South America and southern North America. It is a striking exception among the generally drab Tyrannidae due to its vermilion-red coloration. The males have bright red crowns, chests, and underparts, with brownish wings and tails. Females lack the vivid red coloration and can be hard to identify—they may be confused for the Say's phoebe. The vermilion flycatcher's song is a pit pit pit pidddrrrreeedrr, which is variable and important in establishing a territory. Riparian habitats and semi-open environments are preferred. As aerial insectivores, they catch their prey while flying. Their several months-long molt begins in summer. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Tyrannidae
Genus:
   Pyrocephalus
Scientific:
  Pyrocephalus rubinus obscurus


Original description

Citation:
  Gould, J 1839

Reference:
   Zool. Voy. Beagle [Darwin] pt9 p.45

Protonym:
  Pyrocephalus obscurus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40300068


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  7E74FF79908720DE

Avibase ID:
  avibase-7E74FF79

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/7E74FF79


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 712554

Geographic range:

  • Pyrocephalus rubinus obscurus: W Peru (Lima)
  • Pyrocephalus rubinus cocachacrae: SW Peru (Ica to Tacna) and adjacent n Chile
  • Pyrocephalus rubinus major: SE Peru (Cuzco and Puno)
  • Pyrocephalus rubinus ardens: N Peru (Cajamarca, Amazonas and extreme e Piura)
  • Pyrocephalus rubinus piurae: Colombia (west of Eastern Andes) to w Ecuador and nw Peru
  • Pyrocephalus rubinus mexicanus: Arid sw Texas to Guerrero, Oaxaca, Puebla and Veracruz
  • Pyrocephalus rubinus flammeus: Arid sw US to Baja California and nw Mexico (Nayarit)
  • Pyrocephalus rubinus blatteus: SE Mexico (s Veracruz) to Guatemala and Honduras
  • Pyrocephalus rubinus pinicola: Lowland pine savanna of ne Nicaragua
  • Pyrocephalus rubinus saturatus: NE Colombia to n Venezuela, Guyana and n Brazil
  • Show more...
English:
Vermilion Flycatcher [obscurus]
French:
Moucherolle vermillon [obscurus]
Japanese (romaji):
benitairanchou (obscurus guru-pu)
Japanese:
ベニタイランチョウ (obscurus グループ)
Dutch:
Rode Tiran (obscurus groep)


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Vermilion Flycatcher [obscurus] ( Pyrocephalus rubinus [obscurus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Vermilion Flycatcher [obscurus] ( Pyrocephalus rubinus [obscurus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Vermilion Flycatcher [obscurus] ( Pyrocephalus rubinus [obscurus, mexicanus or saturatus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Vermilion Flycatcher [obscurus] ( Pyrocephalus rubinus [obscurus, mexicanus or saturatus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Vermilion Flycatcher [obscurus] ( Pyrocephalus rubinus [obscurus, mexicanus or saturatus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Vermilion Flycatcher [obscurus] ( Pyrocephalus rubinus [obscurus, mexicanus or saturatus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus obscurus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Vermilion Flycatcher (Vermilion) ( Pyrocephalus rubinus [obscurus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Vermilion Flycatcher (obscurus Group) ( Pyrocephalus rubinus [obscurus Group]) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus obscurus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus obscurus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus obscurus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus obscurus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus obscurus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus obscurus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus obscurus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus obscurus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus obscurus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus obscurus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus obscurus) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus obscurus) [version 2]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Vermilion Flycatcher ( Pyrocephalus obscurus) [version 2]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: subspecies group (sometimes a species)

This taxon is a subspecies of Pyrocephalus rubinus

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


German: Karmintyrann
English: Vermilion Flycatcher, Vermilion Flycatcher (obscurus Group), Vermilion Flycatcher (Vermilion), Vermilion Flycatcher [obscurus]
French: Moucherolle de Gould, Moucherolle vermillon (obscurus), Moucherolle vermillon [obscurus, mexicanus ou saturatus], Moucherolle vermillon [obscurus]
Japanese (romaji): benitairanchou (obscurus guru-pu)
Japanese: ベニタイランチョウ (obscurus グループ)
Scientific: Pyrocephalus obscurus, Pyrocephalus rubinus [obscurus Group], Pyrocephalus rubinus [obscurus, mexicanus or saturatus], Pyrocephalus rubinus [obscurus], Pyrocephalus rubinus obscurus
Dutch: Rode Tiran, Rode Tiran (obscurus groep)
Polish: żarek zmienny
Portuguese: papa-moscas-vermelhão
Slovak: pamuchár rumelkový
Swedish: cinnobertyrann
Ukrainian: москверо карміновий
Chinese: 朱红霸鹟
Chinese (Traditional): 朱紅霸鶲

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