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Spruce Grouse [canadensis]

Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis] (= Falcipennis canadensis canadensis) (Linnaeus, C 1758)

The spruce grouse, Canada grouse, spruce hen or fool hen is a medium-sized grouse closely associated with the coniferous boreal forests or taiga of North America. It is the only member of the genus Canachites. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Galliformes
Family:
  Phasianidae
Genus:
   Falcipennis
Scientific:
  Falcipennis canadensis canadensis


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, C 1758)

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.159

Protonym:
  Tetrao canadensis

Link:
  https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/178/mode/1up


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  81881027866BED5B

Avibase ID:
  avibase-81881027

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/81881027


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 723242

Geographic range:

  • Falcipennis canadensis canadensis {canadensis or labradorius}: Coniferous forests of Canada (central Alberta to Labrador)
  • Falcipennis canadensis canadensis (torridus): Nova Scotia
  • Falcipennis canadensis osgoodi: Alaska and Yukon to Great Slave Lake and Lake Athabasca
  • Falcipennis canadensis atratus: S Alaska (Bristol Bay) to Prince William Sound and Kodiak I.
  • Falcipennis canadensis canace: SE Canada and adjacent US (Minnesota to Maine)
  • Show more...
English:
Spruce Grouse [canadensis]
German:
Tannenhuhn [canadensis-Gruppe]
Spanish:
Gallo Canadiense (grupo canadensis)
Spanish (Spain):
Gallo canadiense (grupo canadensis)
Finnish:
kanadanpyy [alalaji canadensis]
French:
Tétras du Canada [canadensis]
Icelandic:
Trjáorri [canadensis hópur]
Japanese (romaji):
harimomiraichou (canadensis guru-pu)
Japanese:
ハリモミライチョウ(canadensis グループ)
Dutch:
Bossneeuwhoen (canadensis groep)
Norwegian:
granjerpe (canadensis gr.)
Polish:
borowiak kanadyjski [gr. canadensis]
Portuguese (Portugal):
tetraz-canadiano [grupo canadensis]
Russian:
Канадская дикуша [группа canadensis]
Slovak:
jariabok jedľový (skup.)
Serbian:
Smrekin tetreb [canadensis grupa]
Swedish:
granjärpe [gruppen canadensis]


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Canada Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Canada Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Canada Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Canada Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Canada Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Canada Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Canada Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Canada Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Canada Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Canada Grouse ( Dendragapus canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Canada Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Canada Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Spruce Partridge ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Hudsonian Spruce Partridge ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Hudsonian Spruce Partridge ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Hudsonian Spruce Partridge ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Hudsonian Spruce Partridge ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Spruce Grouse [canadensis] ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 2023 (May 2023):
Spruce Grouse [canadensis] ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Spruce Grouse [nominate group] ( Canachites canadensis [canadensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Spruce Grouse [nominate group] ( Canachites canadensis [canadensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Spruce Grouse [nominate group] ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Spruce Grouse [nominate group] ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Spruce Grouse [nominate group] ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Spruce Grouse [nominate] ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Spruce Grouse [nominate] ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Spruce Grouse [nominate] ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis])
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6b (Jul 2022):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v7 (Dec 2022):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v8 (Dec 2023):
Spruce Grouse ( Canachites canadensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Spruce Grouse (Eastern) ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Spruce Grouse (Spruce) ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Spruce Grouse (Spruce) ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Spruce Grouse (Spruce) ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Spruce Grouse (Spruce) ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Spruce Grouse (Spruce) ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Spruce Grouse (Spruce) ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Spruce Grouse (Spruce) ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Spruce Grouse (Spruce) ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Spruce Grouse (Spruce) ( Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Spruce Grouse (Spruce) ( Canachites canadensis [canadensis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
Spruce Grouse (Spruce) ( Canachites canadensis [canadensis Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2023:
Spruce Grouse (Spruce) ( Canachites canadensis [canadensis Group]) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Spruce Grouse ( Falcipennis canadensis) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Canachites canadensis [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Canachites canadensis [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Canachites canadensis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: subspecies group (sometimes a species)

This taxon is a subspecies of Falcipennis canadensis

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Related taxa

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Other related concepts

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Catalan: Grèvol del Canadà
Czech: tetřívek kanadský
Chuvash: Канада дикуши
Danish: Granhjerpe
German: Tannenhuhn, Tannenhuhn [canadensis-Gruppe]
English: Canada Grouse, Hudsonian Spruce Partridge, Spruce Grouse, Spruce Grouse (Eastern), Spruce Grouse (nominate group), Spruce Grouse (Spruce), Spruce Grouse [canadensis], Spruce Grouse [nominate group], Spruce Grouse [nominate], Spruce Partridge
English, HBW: Spruce Grouse
English (IOC): Spruce Grouse (Spruce)
English (United States): Spruce Grouse (Spruce)
Esperanto: Kanada lagopo
Spanish: Gallo Canadiense, Gallo Canadiense (grupo canadensis)
Spanish (Spain): Gallo canadiense (grupo canadensis), Gallo Canadiense [canadensis Group]
Spanish (HBW): Spruce Grouse (Spruce)
Estonian: kuusepüü
Finnish: kanadanpyy, kanadanpyy [alalaji canadensis]
French: Tétras du Canada, Tétras du Canada (canadensis), Tétras du Canada (nominal), Tétras du Canada [canadensis], Tétras du Canada [nominal]
Icelandic: Trjáorri [canadensis hópur]
Italian: Pernice delle peccete, Tetraone delle peccette canadese
Japanese (romaji): harimomiraichou, harimomiraichou (canadensis guru-pu)
Japanese: ハリモミライチョウ, ハリモミライチョウ (canadensis グループ), ハリモミライチョウ(canadensis グループ)
Scientific: Canachites canadensis, Canachites canadensis [canadensis Group], Canachites canadensis [canadensis], Canachites canadensis canadensis, Dendragapus canadensis, Falcipennis canadensis, Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis Group], Falcipennis canadensis [canadensis], Falcipennis canadensis canadensis, Tetrao canadensis
Dutch: Bossneeuwhoen, Bossneeuwhoen (canadensis groep)
Norwegian: Granjerpe, granjerpe (canadensis gr.)
Polish: borowiak kanadyjski, borowiak kanadyjski [gr. canadensis]
Portuguese (Portugal): tetraz-canadiano [grupo canadensis]
Russian: Канадская Дикуша, Канадская дикуша [группа canadensis]
Yakut: Канаада хараакыта
Slovak: jariabok jedľový, jariabok jedľový (skup.)
Serbian: Smrekin tetreb [canadensis grupa]
Swedish: Granjärpe, granjärpe [canadensis Group], granjärpe [gruppen canadensis]
Turkish: Amerika Ladin Tavuğu [canadensis Grubu]
Chinese: 枞树镰翅鸡

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