Your login:

Password:

Stay signed in

Enter your login name or your email address and click on Send reminder to receive a reminder by email.


Welcome Guest

Greater Adjutant

Leptoptilos dubius (Gmelin, JF, 1789)

The Greater Adjutant (Leptoptilos dubius) is a member of the stork family, Ciconiidae. Its genus includes the Lesser Adjutant of Asia and the Marabou Stork of Africa. Once found widely across southern Asia, mainly in India but extending east to Borneo, the Greater Adjutant is now restricted to a much smaller range with only two small breeding populations; in India with the largest colony in Assam and the other in Cambodia. Populations disperse after the breeding season. This large stork has a massive wedge-shaped bill, a bare head and a distinctive neck pouch. During the day, they soar in thermals along with vultures with whom they share the habit of scavenging. They feed mainly on carrion and offal; however, they are opportunistic and will sometimes prey on vertebrates. The English name is derived from their stiff "military" gait when walking on the ground. Large numbers once lived in Asia, but have declined greatly, possibly due to improved sanitation, to the point of being endangered. The total population in 2008 was estimated at around a thousand individuals. In the 19th century, they were especially common in the city of Calcutta, where they were referred to as the "Calcutta Adjutant". Known locally as Hargila (derived from the Sanskrit word for "bone-swallower") and considered to be unclean birds, they were largely left undisturbed but sometimes hunted for the use of their meat in folk medicine. Valued as scavengers, they were once used in the logo of the Calcutta Municipal Corporation. Source: Wikipedia




(0 votes)
Photo powered by flickr.com.


Order:
  Pelecaniformes
Family:
  Ciconiidae
Genus:
  Leptoptilos

Scientific:
  Leptoptilos dubius

Citation:
  (Gmelin, JF, 1789)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat. 1 pt2 p.624

Protonym:
  Ardea dubia

Avibase ID:
  81E1FC1CBA6C9F7F

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/81E1FC1C

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 174920


ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Leptoptilos dubius: Formerly from northern India to Vietnam, dispersing west to Pakistan. Currently breeds northeastern India (Assam) and Cambodia, with dispersal west to Nepal
English:
Greater Adjutant
Czech:
marabu indický
German:
Großer Adjutant
Danish:
Adjudant
Spanish:
Marabú Argala
Finnish:
assaminmarabu
French:
Marabout argala
Italian:
Marabù asiatico maggiore
Japanese:
oohagekou
Japanese:
オオハゲコウ
Dutch:
Indische Maraboe
Norwegian:
Storadjutant
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Storadjutant
Polish:
marabut indyjski
Portuguese:
Marabu-grande
Russian:
Индийский марабу
Slovak:
marabu veľký
Swedish:
större adjutantstork
Ukrainian:
Аргала, або марабу індійський
Chinese:
大秃鹳


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Marabout argala ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Marabout argala ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 1st edition:
Greater Adjutant Stork ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 3rd edition:
Greater Adjutant Stork ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 4th edition:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements, version 2015:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements, version 2016:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements, version 2017:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements, version 2018:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Clements, version 2019:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 1.50:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 1.52:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 1.53:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 1.54:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 1.55:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 2015:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 2016:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 2017:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 2018:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
eBird version 2019:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Greater Adjutant Stork ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Greater Adjutant Stork ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Greater Adjutant Stork ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Oriental Bird Club:
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
James Lee Peters:
Leptoptilos dubius
James Lee Peters (original):
Leptoptilos dubius
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Leptoptilos dubius
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Greater Adjutant ( Leptoptilos dubius)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Leptoptilos dubius
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Leptoptilos dubius

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

You must be logged in to view your sighting details. To register to myAvibase click here.

Related taxa

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Bengali: বড় মদনটাক
Catalan: Marabú caragroc
Czech: marabu indický, Marabu vetší
Danish: Adjudant
German: Argala, Argala-Marabu, Grossadjutant, Großer Adjutant, GroßerAdjutant, Indischer Marabu
English: Adjutant, Adjutant Stork, Greater Adjutant, Greater Adjutant Stork, Greater Adjutant-Stork
English (IOC): Greater Adjutant
Spanish: Marabú Argala
Spanish (Spain): Marabú Argala
Spanish (HBW): Greater Adjutant
Estonian: india marabu (argala)
Finnish: Aasianmarabu, assaminmarabu
French: Grand Marabout, Marabout argala
Hungarian: sárgafejű marabu
Indonesian: Bangau besar, Burung Bangau Besar
Italian: Marabù asiatico maggiore, Marabu maggiore, Marabù maggiore, Marabù maggiore asiatico
Japanese: ō hage kō, oohagekou
Japanese: オオハゲコウ
Japanese (Kanji): 大禿鸛
Scientific: Ardea dubia, Leptoptilos dubius, Leptoptilus dubius
Lithuanian: Indinis marabu
Malay: Burung Botak Babi Besar, Burung Botak Besar
Dutch: Indische Maraboe
Norwegian Nynorsk: Storadjutant
Norwegian: Storadjutant
Polish: marabut indyjski
Pinyin: dà tū-guàn
Portuguese: Marabu-grande
Russian: Азиатский марабу, большой марабу, Индийский Марабу, Марабу-маргала индийский
Slovak: Bocian argala, marabu veľký
Serbian: Veliki azijski marabu
Swedish: Större adjutantstork
Thai: นกตะกราม
Thai (Transliteration): nók tà-kraam
Turkish: Sarı Yüzlü Marabu
Ukrainian: Аргала, або марабу індійський
Vietnamese: Chim Già đẩy lớn, Chim Giang, Chim Hạc già đẩy, Già đẫy lớn
Chinese: 大秃鹳
Chinese (Traditional): 大禿鸛

Avibase has been visited 287,194,437 times since 24 June 2003. © Denis Lepage | Privacy policy