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Indian Short-toed Lark

Alaudala raytal (Blyth, 1845)

The Sand Lark (Calandrella raytal) is a small passerine bird in the lark (Alaudidae) family, largely resident in the river valleys of South Asia from Iran through sub-Himalayan India to Burma. It is somewhat similar, but smaller than, the Short-toed Lark. In the past it has also been referred to as the India Short-toed Lark, Indian Sand Lark or Ganges Sand Lark. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Alaudidae
Genus:
  Alaudala

Scientific:
  Alaudala raytal

Citation:
  (Blyth, 1845)

Reference:
  J.Asiat.Soc.Bengal 13(1844) p.962

Protonym:
  Alauda raytal

Avibase ID:
  862C271E3E26EF82

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/862C271E

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 558984

Geographic range:

  • Alaudala raytal raytal: Coastal se Iran to Afghanistan, n India and s Myanmar
  • Alaudala raytal krishnakumarsinhji: NW India (Kathiawar Peninsula)
  • Alaudala raytal adamsi: Coastal nw India
English:
Indian Short-toed Lark
Czech:
skřivánek indický
German:
Uferlerche
Danish:
Indisk Dværglærke
Spanish:
Terrera Raytal
Finnish:
intianhietakiuru
French:
Alouette raytal
Icelandic:
Hærulævirki
Italian:
Calandrella delle sabbie
Japanese:
indokohibari
Japanese:
インドコヒバリ
Dutch:
Indische Zandleeuwerik
Norwegian:
Sanddverglerke
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Sanddverglerke
Polish:
skowronczyk malutki
Russian:
Индийский (малый) жаворонок
Slovak:
škovránka retal
Swedish:
sandlärka
Ukrainian:
Жайворонок крихітний
Chinese:
恒河沙百灵


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Alouette raytal ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Alouette raytal ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Indian Sandlark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Indian Sandlark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Indian Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Indian Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Sand Lark ( Alaudala raytal) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Indian Sandlark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Sand Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Calandrella raytal [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Calandrella raytal [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Calandrella raytal [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Indian Short-toed Lark ( Calandrella raytal) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Calandrella raytal [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Calandrella raytal [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Bengali: বালি ভরত
Catalan: terrerola de l'Índia
Czech: Skrivánek indický, skřivánek indický
Danish: Indisk Dværglærke
German: Raytallerche, Uferlerche
English: Asian Short-toed Lark, Ganges Snad Lark, Indian Sand Lark, Indian Sandlark, Indian Short-toed Lark, Sand Lark, Sandlark
English (IOC): Sand Lark
Spanish: Terrera Raital, Terrera Raytal
Spanish (Spain): Terrera Raytal
Spanish (HBW): Sand Lark
Persian: چکاوک هندی , چکاوک هندی (شنی)
Finnish: Intianhietakiuru
French: Alouette argentée, Alouette des sables, Alouette indienne, Alouette raytal, Calendrelle des sables
Hebrew: עפרונן הודי
Icelandic: Hærulævirki
Italian: Calandrella del Raytal, Calandrella delle sabbie, Calandrella raytal
Japanese: indokohibari
Japanese: インドコヒバリ
Scientific: Alauda raytal, Alaudala raytal, Calandrella raytal, Calandrella raytal raytal
Lithuanian: Indijinis vieversys, Indinis trumpapirštis vieversys
Latvian: smilšu cīrulis
Dutch: Indische Kortteenleeuwerik, Indische zandleeuwerik
Norwegian Nynorsk: Sanddverglerke
Norwegian: Sanddverglerke
Polish: skowronczyk malutki, skowrończyk malutki
Russian: Индийский (малый) жаворонок
Sindhi: ؿپبيٻ ىَيي )ٙهي(
Slovak: škovránka retal, škovránok retal
Swedish: Indisk dvärglärka, Sandlärka
Turkish: akça bozkır toygarı, Hint Kum Toygarı
Ukrainian: Жайворонок крихітний
Chinese: 恒河沙百灵
Chinese (Traditional): 恒河沙百靈

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