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Gull-billed Tern

Gelochelidon nilotica (Gmelin, JF, 1789)




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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
  Gelochelidon

Scientific:
  Gelochelidon nilotica

Citation:
  (Gmelin, JF, 1789)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat. p.606

Protonym:
  Sterna nilotica

Avibase ID:
  87168739C37AC427

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/87168739

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176882

Geographic range:

  • Gelochelidon nilotica nilotica: Palearctic; winters tropical Africa and Persian Gulf to India
  • Gelochelidon nilotica aranea: E US to Gr. Antilles and Yucatán; winters to Brazil and Peru
  • Gelochelidon nilotica vanrossemi: California to n Baja and nw Mexico; winters to Ecuador
  • Gelochelidon nilotica affinis: Transbaikalia to Manchuria and e China; winters SE Asia
  • Gelochelidon nilotica gronvoldi: Coasts and rivers of French Guiana to ne Argentina
  • Show more...
English:
Gull-billed Tern
Catalan:
curroc
Czech:
rybák černozobý
Danish:
Sandterne
German:
Lachseeschwalbe
Spanish:
Pagaza piconegra
Finnish:
hietatiira
French:
Sterne hansel
Croatian:
debelokljuna čigra
Hungarian:
kacagócsér
Icelandic:
Sandþerna
Italian:
Sterna zampenere
Japanese (romaji):
hashi-buto aji-sashi
Japanese:
ハシブトアジサシ
Lithuanian:
kirasnapė žuvėdra
Dutch:
Lachstern
Norwegian:
Sandterne
Polish:
rybitwa krótkodzioba
Portuguese:
trinta-réis-de-bico-preto / tagaz
Russian:
Чайконосая крачка
Slovak:
rybárka krátkozobá
Swedish:
sandtärna
Ukrainian:
крячок чорнодзьобий
Chinese:
鸥嘴噪鸥
Chinese (Traditional):
鷗嘴燕鷗


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Gull-billed Tern [nominate] ( Gelochelidon nilotica [nilotica])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Gull-billed Tern [nominate] ( Gelochelidon nilotica [nilotica])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Gull-billed Tern [nominate] ( Gelochelidon nilotica [nilotica])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Gull-billed Tern [nominate] ( Gelochelidon nilotica [nilotica])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Common Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Common Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Common Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Common Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Common Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Common Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Common Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Common Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Gull-billed Tern (Gull-billed) ( Gelochelidon nilotica [nilotica Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Gull-billed Tern (Gull-billed) ( Gelochelidon nilotica [nilotica Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Gull-billed Tern (Gull-billed) ( Gelochelidon nilotica [nilotica Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Gull-billed Tern (Gull-billed) ( Gelochelidon nilotica [nilotica Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Gull-billed Tern (Gull-billed) ( Gelochelidon nilotica [nilotica Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Gull-billed Tern (Gull-billed) ( Gelochelidon nilotica [nilotica Group]) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Common Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Common Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Common Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Common Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Gull-billed Tern ( Gelochelidon nilotica) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Gelochelidon [nilotica or macrotarsa] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Lagsterretjie, Oostelike Seeswael (Oostelike Sterretjie), Oostelike Sterretjie (Oostelike)
Arabic: خرشنة نيلية ( نيلية) (مجموعة)
Asturian: Garrochín picucurtiu (grupo nilotica)
Azerbaijani: qağayıbaş susüpürən, qağayıburun sterna, qağayıburun susüpürən, Qağayıburun susüpürən [nilotica qrupu], qırmızıayaq qağayıburun
Bashkir: бүрекле сарлаҡ, ҡарабаш күксәй, керелдәк сарлаҡ, көләпәрәле сарлаҡ
Belarusian: Чайканосая крычка
Bulgarian: Дебелоклюна рибарка, Дебелоклюна рибарка (Група nilotica), Дебелоклюна рибарка [Група nilotica]
Bengali: কারামঠাুঁট ঩ানচচর , কালাঠোঁট পানচিল
Bengali (transliteration): kālāṭhōm̐ṭa pānacila
Breton: Skrav beg tev
Catalan: Curroc, Curroc comú, Curroc comú (grup nilotica)
Montenegrin: debelokljuna čigra, дебелокљуна чигра
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): дебелокљуна чигра
Czech: rybák černozobý, rybák černozobý [skupina nilotica], rybák černozobý eurasijský
Welsh: Môr-wennol ylfinbraff
Danish: Sandterne, Sandterne, Almindelig [Nilotica Gruppe]
German: Lachseeschwalbe, Lachseeschwalbe [nilotica Gruppe], Lachseeschwalbe [nilotica-Gruppe]
Greek: Γελoγλάρovo, Γελογλάρονο [nilotica ομάδα], Γελογλάρονο [nilotica]
English: Common Gull-billed Tern, Gull-billed tern, Gull-billed Tern (Gull-billed), Gull-billed Tern [nominate]
English, HBW: Common Gull-billed Tern
English (IOC): Gull-billed Tern, Gull-billed Tern (Gull-billed)
English (United States): Gull-billed Tern (Gull-billed)
Esperanto: Mevbeka ŝterno
Spanish: Charrán Pico Grueso (grupo nilotica), Pagaza piconegra, Pagaza Piconegra (grupo nilotica)
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviotín Pico Grueso [grupo nilotica]
Spanish (Chile): Gaviotín de pico negro [grupo nilotica]
Spanish (Costa Rica): Charrán Piquinegro (grupo nilotica), Charrán Piquinegro [grupo nilotica]
Spanish (Cuba): Gaviotica de pico corto [grupo nilotica]
Spanish (Ecuador): Gaviotín Piquigrueso [Grupo nilotica]
Spanish (Spain): Pagaza piconegra (grupo nilotica), Pagaza Piconegra [nilotica Group]
Spanish (HBW): Gull-billed Tern (Gull-billed)
Spanish (Mexico): Charrán Pico Grueso (grupo nilotica)
Spanish (Panama): Gaviotín Piquigrueso (grupo nilotica)
Spanish (Peru): Gaviotín de Pico Negro [grupo nilotica]
Spanish (Paraguay): Gaviotín pico grueso [grupo nilotica]
Spanish (Uruguay): Gaviotín Pico Grueso [Grupo nilotica]
Estonian: Naerutiir
Basque: Txenada mokobeltz, Txenada mokobeltza [nilotica taldekoa)
Persian: پرستو دریایی نوک‌ کاکایی [nilotica Group]
Finnish: hietatiira, hietatiira [alalaji nilotica]
Faroese: Sandterna
French: Sterne hansel, Sterne hansel [nilotica], Sterne hansel [nominal]
Frisian: Kobbestirns, Swartsnaffelstirns
Irish: Geabhróg ghobdhubh
Galician: Carrán de bico curto, Carrán de bico curto [grupo nilotica]
Manx: Sternag ghob-doo
Hebrew: שחפית עבת-מקור (אירואסייתית)
Croatian: debelokljuna čigra
Hungarian: kacagócsér, Kacagócsér (nilotica)
Armenian: Որորակտուց ջրածիծառ (Սովորական)
Indonesian: Burung Dara-laut Paruh Lebar, Burung Dara-laut Tiram, Daralaut Tiram, Dara-laut tiram
Icelandic: Sandþerna, Sandþerna [nilotica hópur]
Italian: Sterna zampenere, Sterna zampenere [gruppo nilotica]
Japanese (romaji): hashi-buto aji-sashi, hashibutoajisashi (nilotica guru-pu)
Japanese: ハシブトアジサシ, ハシブトアジサシ (nilotica グループ), ハシブトアジサシ(nilotica グループ)
Japanese (Kanji): 嘴太鯵刺
Georgian: თოლიისნისკარტა თევზიყლაპია
Kabardian: хы тхьэрыкъуэ пэ фӀыцӀэ, хытхьэрыкъуэпэпцӀэ
Mongolian, Halh: амуулай
Kazakh: қаратұмсық қарқылдақ, қаратұмсық қырқылдақ, шағала тұмсықты қарқылдақ, шағалатұмсық қарқылдақ, шағалатұмсықты қарқылдақ
Kazakh (Transliteration): qara-tumsıq qarqıldaq
Korean: 큰부리제비갈매기, 큰부리제비갈매기 (nilotica group)
Korean (Transliteration): keun-buri-jebi-galmaegi
Kirghiz: чардак чагала, чардактумшук чабакчыл
Scientific: Gelochelidon nilotica, Gelochelidon nilotica [nilotica Group], Gelochelidon nilotica [nilotica], Gelochelidon nilotica nilotica, Sterna anglica, Sterna nilotica
Luxembourgish: Laachséischmuewel
Lithuanian: kirasnapė žuvėdra, Kirasnapė žuvėdra [nilotica grupė]
Latvian: kāpu zīriņš
Macedonian: Дебелоклуна чигра
Mongolian: амуулай, Бахим амуулай, Бахим хараалай
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠪᠠᠬᠢᠮ ᠠᠮᠣᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠪᠠᠬᠢᠮ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Бахим хараалай
Mongolian (Transliteration): bakhim amuulai, bakhim kharaalai
Malay: Burung Camar Ketam, Burung Camar Tiram
Maltese: Ċirlewwa bumunqar, ċirlewwa geddumha oħxon
Nepali: गंगाचीलठू“डे ङ्घयालङ्घयाले
Dutch: Lachstern, Lachstern (nilotica groep)
Norwegian: Sandterne, sandterne (nilotica gr.)
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): čiirakko, čiirakon, čiirakot
Polish: rybitwa krótkodzioba, rybitwa krótkodzioba (gr. nilotica), rybitwa krótkodzioba [gr. nilotica]
Pinyin: ōu-zuǐ yàn-ōu, ōu-zuǐ zào-ōu
Portuguese: Tagáz, trinta-réis-de-bico-preto / tagaz
Portuguese (Brazil): trinta-réis-de-bico-preto [grupo nilotica]
Portuguese (Portugal): Tagaz [grupo nilotica]
Rhaeto-Romance: Pestgarel chomma naira
Romanian: Pescăriţă râzătoare
Russian: Чайконосая крачка, Чайконосая крачка [группа nilotica]
Northern Sami: Sáttočearret
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Galuthudu Sayurulihiniya
Slovak: rybárka krátkozobá, rybárka krátkozobá (skup.)
Slovenian: črnonoga čigra, Črnonoga čigra [nilotica]
Albanian: Dallëndyshe deti këmbëzezë
Serbian: Debelokljuna čigra, Debelokljuna čigra [nilotica grupa]
Swedish: sandtärna, sandtärna [gruppen nilotica], sandtärna [nilotica Group]
Thai: นกนางนวลแกลบปากหนา, นกนางนวลแกลบปากหนา (ยูเรเชีย)
Thai (Transliteration): nók naaŋ-nuan-klàeep pàak năa
Turkmen: garaçüňk çerik
Turkish: Gülen Sumru, Gülen Sumru [nilotica Grubu], Қаратұмсық қарқылдақ
Tuvinian: кускун хаайлыг суг хараачыгайы
Ukrainian: крячок чорнодзьобий
Uzbek: балиқчи тумшуқли чигиртчи, балиқчитумшуқ чигиртчи, қоратумшуқ чигиртчи
Vietnamese: Chim Nhàn chân đen
Kalmyk: цах хоңшарта харлла
Chinese: 鸥嘴噪鸥, 鸥嘴噪鸥(广布)
Chinese (Traditional): 鷗嘴噪鷗, 鷗嘴燕鷗, 鷗嘴燕鷗(nilotica群), 鷗嘴燕鷗(指名亞種群)
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 鷗嘴燕鷗
Chinese (Taiwan): 鸥嘴燕鸥

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