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Purple Heron

Ardea purpurea Linnaeus, 1766

The Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) is a wading bird in the heron family Ardeidae, breeding in Africa, central and southern Europe, and southern and eastern Asia. The European populations are migratory, wintering in tropical Africa; the more northerly Asian populations also migrate further south within Asia. It is a rare but regular wanderer north of its breeding range. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Pelecaniformes
Family:
  Ardeidae
Genus:
  Ardea

Scientific:
  Ardea purpurea

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1766

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.12 p.236

Protonym:
  Ardea purpurea

Avibase ID:
  8D6CB009B4D20368

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/8D6CB009

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 174791

Geographic range:

  • Ardea purpurea purpurea: southwestern Palearctic east to Iran, and Africa south of the Sahara
  • Ardea purpurea manilensis: Southern and e Asia, Indonesia and Philippine Islands
  • Ardea purpurea madagascariensis: Madagascar
English:
Purple Heron
French:
Héron pourpré
Croatian:
Čaplja Danguba
Japanese (romaji):
murasakisagi
Portuguese:
garça-roxa
Ukrainian:
Чапля руда


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Héron pourpré ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Purple Heron (Purple) ( Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Purple Heron (Purple) ( Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Purple Heron (Purple) ( Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Purple Heron (Purple) ( Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Purple Heron (Purple) ( Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Purple Heron (Purple) ( Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group]) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Ardea [purpurea or bournei] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

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Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Abkhazian: аӠыцәацәхаҧшь
Afrikaans: Rooireier, Rooireier (Rooi)
Arabic: البلشون الأرجواني, البلشون البنفسجي, بلشون ارجواني ارجواني (مجموعة), مالك الحزين الأرجواني
Asturian: Garcia bermeya [triba purpurea], Garcia Roxa
Azerbaijani: Kürən vağ, Kürən vağ [purpurea qrupu]
Belarusian: Чапля чырвоная, Чырвоная чапля
Bulgarian: Червена чапла, Червена чапла (Група purpurea)
Bengali: রারমচ ফক , লালচে বক
Bengali (transliteration): lālacē baka
Breton: Ar gerc'heiz ruz
Catalan: Agró roig, Agró roig [grup purpurea]
Catalan (Balears): Agró roig
Cebuano: dugwak
Montenegrin: crvena čaplja, црвена чапља
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): црвена чапља
Czech: Volavka cervená, Volavka červená, volavka červená [skupina purpurea], volavka červená evropská
Chuvash: хĕрлĕ чарлан
Welsh: Crëyr porffor, Crёyr Porffor
Danish: Purpurhejre, Purpurhejre, Almindelig [purpurea Gruppe]
German: Purpurreiher, Purpurreiher [purpurea Gruppe], Purpurreiher [purpurea-Gruppe], Purpurreiher-purpurea
Maldivian: Dhanbu Maakanaa
Greek: Πορφυρός Ψαροφάς, Πορφυροτσικνιάς, Πορφυροτσικνιάς [purpurea ομάδα], Πορφυροτσικνιάς [purpurea]
Greek (Cypriot): Πορφυρός Ψαροφάς
English: Cape Verde Heron, North-western Purple Heron, Purple Heron, Purple Heron (Purple)
English, HBW: Purple Heron (Purple)
English (IOC): Purple Heron (Purple)
English (Kenya): Purple Heron
English (United States): Purple Heron (Purple)
Esperanto: Purpura ardeo
Spanish: Garza Imperial, Garza Imperial (imperial)
Spanish (Spain): Garza Imperial, Garza imperial (imperial), Garza Imperial [purpurea Group]
Spanish (HBW): Purple Heron (Purple)
Estonian: Purpurhaigur
Basque: Agró roig, Koartza gorria [purpurea taldekoa], Lertxun gorria
Persian: حواصیل ارغوانی, حواصیل ارغوانی [purpurea Group]
Finnish: Ruskohaikara, ruskohaikara [alalaji purpurea]
Faroese: Korkahegri
French: Héron pourpré, Héron pourpré (nominal), Héron pourpré [purpurea]
Friulian: airon ros
Irish: Corr Chorcra
Galician: Agró roig, Garza rubia [grupo purpurea], Garza vermella
Hebrew: אנפה ארגמנית, אנפה ארגמנית (אירואסייתית)
Hindi: Peria vellai kokku
Croatian: Caplja Danguba, Čaplja Danguba
Hungarian: Vörös gém, Vörös gém [purpurea csoport]
Armenian: [Shikakarmir Taregh ], Շիկակարմիր Տառեղ, Շիկակարմիր տառեղ (Սովորական)
Indonesian: Burung Cangak Merah, Cangak Merah, Cangkak merah
Icelandic: Rauðhegri, Rauðhegri [purpurea hópur]
Italian: Airone rosso, Airone rosso [gruppo purpurea]
Japanese (romaji): murasakisagi, Murasaki-sagi, murasakisagi (purpurea guru-pu)
Japanese: ムラサキサギ, ムラサキサギ (purpurea グループ), ムラサキサギ(purpurea グループ)
Japanese (Kanji): 紫鷺
Georgian: წითური ყანჩა
Kara-Kalpak: жыланшы қутан
Kabardian: псыхэуэ гъуатӀафэ, псыхэуэцыплъ
Mongolian, Halh: хөх дэглий
Kazakh: жирен құтан, Қошқыл құтан, қызғылт сары тырна
Kazakh (Transliteration): qoşqıl qutan
Korean: 붉은왜가리, 붉은왜가리 (purpurea group)
Korean (Transliteration): bulgeun-waegari
Kwangali: Samunkoma Gomugeha
Kirghiz: сары кытан
Scientific: Ardea bournei, Ardea purpurea, Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group], Ardea purpurea bournei, Ardea purpurea purpurea
Luxembourgish: Purpurreeër
Lithuanian: Purpurinis garnys, Purpurinis garnys [purpurea grupė]
Latvian: rudais gārnis
Malagasy: Kehambe, Langorofalafa, Langorovoanga, Vagna, Vanga, vano, Vanomena
Macedonian: Драјка, Црвена чапја
Malayalam: ചായമുണ്ടി 
Mongolian: Зээрд дэглий, хөх дэглий
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠵᠡᠬᠡᠷᠳᠡ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠩ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Хүрэн дэглий
Mongolian (Transliteration): khüreŋ deglii, zeerd deglii
Moldavian: Stârc roșu
Mamasa: korong ula
Malay: Bangau Paya, Burung Bangau Paya, Burung Cangak Hulu, Burung Pucung Serandau, Burung Serandau, Burung Seriap, Pucung Serandau
Maltese: Russett Aħmar
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): хөх дэглий
Nepali: ध्यानी बकुल्ला
Dutch: Purperreiger, Purperreiger (purpurea groep), Purpurreiger
Norwegian: Purpurhegre, purpurhegre (purpurea gr.)
Polish: czapla purpurowa, czapla purpurowa (gr. purpurea), czapla purpurowa [gr. purpurea]
Pinyin: cǎo-lù, cháng-bó lǎo-děng, huā wāzi, huā yáo-mǎ, zǐ-lù
Portuguese: garça imperial, Garça-imperial, garça-roxa, Garça-vermelha, Vermelha, vermelha.
Portuguese (Brazil): garça-roxa, garça-roxa [grupo purpurea]
Portuguese (Portugal): Garça-vermelha, Garça-vermelha [grupo purpurea]
Romansh: irun cotschen
Romanian: Stârc roşu
Russian: Рыжая цапля, Рыжая цапля [группа purpurea], Цапля рыжая
Northern Sami: Purporháigir
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Karawal Koka
Slovak: Volavka purpurová, volavka purpurová (skup.)
Slovenian: rjava caplja, rjava čaplja, Rjava čaplja [purpurea], rjavacaplja
Albanian: Çapka rrudhi
Serbian: crvena caplja, crvena čaplja, Crvena čaplja [purpurea grupa], Црвена цаплја
Sotho, Southern: Kokolofitoe
Swedish: Purpurhäger, purpurhäger [gruppen purpurea], purpurhäger [purpurea Group]
Swahili: Pondagundi
Tamil: Sen Narai
Thai: นกกระสาแดง , นกกระสาแดง (ธรรมดา)
Thai (Transliteration): nók krà-săa daeeŋ
Turkmen: çypar hokgar
Tswana: Kôkôlôhutwê
Turkish: Erguvani Balıkçıl, Erguvani Balıkçıl [purpurea Grubu], erguvani balykçyl, Қошқыл құтан
Tsonga: Rikolwa
Tatar: җирән челән
Ukrainian: Руда чапля, Чапля руда
Uzbek: жийрон қарқара, жийрон қўтон, катта қўтон, қизил қўтон
Vietnamese: Chim Diệc lửa, Diệc lửa
Kalmyk: зеерд деглә
Xhosa: Ucofuza
Chinese: 花洼子, 花窑马, 草 鹭, 草鷺, 草鹭, 草鹭(广布), 长脖老等
Chinese (Traditional): 紫鷺(purpurea群), 花窪子, 花窯馬, 草鷺, 長脖老等
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 紫鷺
Chinese (Taiwan): 紫鹭

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