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Purple Heron

Ardea purpurea Linnaeus, 1766

The purple heron is a wide-ranging species of wading bird in the heron family, Ardeidae. The scientific name comes from Latin ardea "heron", and purpureus, "coloured purple". It breeds in Africa, central and southern Europe, and southern and eastern Asia. The Western Palearctic populations migrate between breeding and wintering habitats whereas the African and tropical-Asian populations are primarily sedentary, except for occasional dispersive movements. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Pelecaniformes
Family:
  Ardeidae
Genus:
   Ardea
Scientific:
  Ardea purpurea


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1766

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.12 p.236

Protonym:
  Ardea purpurea

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/42946432


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  8D6CB009B4D20368

Avibase ID:
  avibase-8D6CB009

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/8D6CB009


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 174791

Geographic range:

  • Ardea purpurea purpurea: southwestern Palearctic east to Iran, and Africa south of the Sahara
  • Ardea purpurea manilensis: Southern and e Asia, Indonesia and Philippine Islands
  • Ardea purpurea madagascariensis: Madagascar
English:
Purple Heron
French:
Héron pourpré
Croatian:
Čaplja Danguba
Japanese (romaji):
murasakisagi
Portuguese:
garça-roxa
Portuguese (Brazil):
garça-roxa
Ukrainian:
Чапля руда


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Héron pourpré ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Purple Heron (Purple) ( Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Purple Heron (Purple) ( Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Purple Heron (Purple) ( Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Purple Heron (Purple) ( Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Purple Heron (Purple) ( Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Purple Heron (Purple) ( Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group]) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Purple Heron ( Ardea purpurea) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Ardea [purpurea or bournei] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Abkhazian: аӠыцәацәхаҧшь
Afrikaans: Rooireier, Rooireier (Rooi)
Arabic: البلشون الأرجواني, البلشون البنفسجي, بلشون ارجواني ارجواني (مجموعة), مالك الحزين الأرجواني
Asturian: Garcia bermeya [triba purpurea], Garcia Roxa
Azerbaijani: Kürən vağ, Kürən vağ [purpurea qrupu]
Belarusian: Чапля чырвоная, Чырвоная чапля
Bulgarian: Червена чапла, Червена чапла (Група purpurea)
Bengali: রারমচ ফক , লালচে বক
Bengali (transliteration): lālacē baka
Breton: Ar gerc'heiz ruz
Catalan: Agró roig, Agró roig [grup purpurea]
Catalan (Balears): Agró roig
Cebuano: dugwak
Montenegrin: crvena čaplja, црвена чапља
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): црвена чапља
Czech: Volavka cervená, Volavka červená, volavka červená [skupina purpurea], volavka červená evropská
Chuvash: хĕрлĕ чарлан
Welsh: Crëyr porffor, Crёyr Porffor
Danish: Purpurhejre, Purpurhejre, Almindelig [purpurea Gruppe]
German: Purpurreiher, Purpurreiher [purpurea Gruppe], Purpurreiher [purpurea-Gruppe], Purpurreiher-purpurea
Maldivian: Dhanbu Maakanaa
Greek: Πορφυρός Ψαροφάς, Πορφυροτσικνιάς, Πορφυροτσικνιάς [purpurea ομάδα], Πορφυροτσικνιάς [purpurea]
Greek (Cypriot): Πορφυρός Ψαροφάς
English: Cape Verde Heron, North-western Purple Heron, Purple Heron, Purple Heron (Purple)
English, HBW: Purple Heron (Purple)
English (IOC): Purple Heron (Purple)
English (Kenya): Purple Heron
English (United States): Purple Heron (Purple)
Esperanto: Purpura ardeo
Spanish: Garza Imperial, Garza Imperial (imperial)
Spanish (Spain): Garza Imperial, Garza imperial (imperial), Garza Imperial [purpurea Group]
Spanish (HBW): Purple Heron (Purple)
Estonian: Purpurhaigur
Basque: Agró roig, Koartza gorria [purpurea taldekoa], Lertxun gorria
Persian: حواصیل ارغوانی, حواصیل ارغوانی [purpurea Group]
Finnish: Ruskohaikara, ruskohaikara [alalaji purpurea]
Faroese: Korkahegri
French: Héron pourpré, Héron pourpré (nominal), Héron pourpré [purpurea]
Friulian: airon ros
Irish: Corr Chorcra
Galician: Agró roig, Garza rubia [grupo purpurea], Garza vermella
Hebrew: אנפה ארגמנית, אנפה ארגמנית (אירואסייתית)
Hindi: Peria vellai kokku
Croatian: Caplja Danguba, Čaplja Danguba
Hungarian: Vörös gém, Vörös gém [purpurea csoport]
Armenian: [Shikakarmir Taregh ], Շիկակարմիր Տառեղ, Շիկակարմիր տառեղ (Սովորական)
Indonesian: Burung Cangak Merah, Cangak Merah, Cangkak merah
Icelandic: Rauðhegri, Rauðhegri [purpurea hópur]
Italian: Airone rosso, Airone rosso [gruppo purpurea]
Japanese (romaji): murasakisagi, Murasaki-sagi, murasakisagi (purpurea guru-pu)
Japanese: ムラサキサギ, ムラサキサギ (purpurea グループ), ムラサキサギ(purpurea グループ)
Japanese (Kanji): 紫鷺
Georgian: წითური ყანჩა
Kara-Kalpak: жыланшы қутан
Kabardian: псыхэуэ гъуатӀафэ, псыхэуэцыплъ
Mongolian, Halh: хөх дэглий
Kazakh: жирен құтан, Қошқыл құтан, қызғылт сары тырна
Kazakh (Transliteration): qoşqıl qutan
Korean: 붉은왜가리, 붉은왜가리 (purpurea group)
Korean (Transliteration): bulgeun-waegari
Kwangali: Samunkoma Gomugeha
Kirghiz: сары кытан
Scientific: Ardea bournei, Ardea purpurea, Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group], Ardea purpurea bournei, Ardea purpurea purpurea
Luxembourgish: Purpurreeër
Lithuanian: Purpurinis garnys, Purpurinis garnys [purpurea grupė]
Latvian: rudais gārnis
Malagasy: Kehambe, Langorofalafa, Langorovoanga, Vagna, Vanga, vano, Vanomena
Macedonian: Драјка, Црвена чапја
Malayalam: ചായമുണ്ടി 
Mongolian: Зээрд дэглий, хөх дэглий
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠵᠡᠬᠡᠷᠳᠡ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠩ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Хүрэн дэглий
Mongolian (Transliteration): khüreŋ deglii, zeerd deglii
Moldavian: Stârc roșu
Mamasa: korong ula
Malay: Bangau Paya, Burung Bangau Paya, Burung Cangak Hulu, Burung Pucung Serandau, Burung Serandau, Burung Seriap, Pucung Serandau
Maltese: Russett Aħmar
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): хөх дэглий
Nepali: ध्यानी बकुल्ला
Dutch: Purperreiger, Purperreiger (purpurea groep), Purpurreiger
Norwegian: Purpurhegre, purpurhegre (purpurea gr.)
Polish: czapla purpurowa, czapla purpurowa (gr. purpurea), czapla purpurowa [gr. purpurea]
Pinyin: cǎo-lù, cháng-bó lǎo-děng, huā wāzi, huā yáo-mǎ, zǐ-lù
Portuguese: garça imperial, Garça-imperial, garça-roxa, Garça-vermelha, Vermelha, vermelha.
Portuguese (Brazil): garça-roxa, garça-roxa [grupo purpurea]
Portuguese (Portugal): Garça-vermelha, Garça-vermelha [grupo purpurea]
Romansh: irun cotschen
Romanian: Stârc roşu
Russian: Рыжая цапля, Рыжая цапля [группа purpurea], Цапля рыжая
Northern Sami: Purporháigir
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Karawal Koka
Slovak: Volavka purpurová, volavka purpurová (skup.)
Slovenian: rjava caplja, rjava čaplja, Rjava čaplja [purpurea], rjavacaplja
Albanian: Çapka rrudhi
Serbian: crvena caplja, crvena čaplja, Crvena čaplja [purpurea grupa], Црвена цаплја
Sotho, Southern: Kokolofitoe
Swedish: Purpurhäger, purpurhäger [gruppen purpurea], purpurhäger [purpurea Group]
Swahili: Pondagundi
Tamil: Sen Narai
Thai: นกกระสาแดง , นกกระสาแดง (ธรรมดา)
Thai (Transliteration): nók krà-săa daeeŋ
Turkmen: çypar hokgar
Tswana: Kôkôlôhutwê
Turkish: Erguvani Balıkçıl, Erguvani Balıkçıl [purpurea Grubu], erguvani balykçyl, Қошқыл құтан
Tsonga: Rikolwa
Tatar: җирән челән
Ukrainian: Руда чапля, Чапля руда
Uzbek: жийрон қарқара, жийрон қўтон, катта қўтон, қизил қўтон
Vietnamese: Chim Diệc lửa, Diệc lửa
Kalmyk: зеерд деглә
Xhosa: Ucofuza
Chinese: 花洼子, 花窑马, 草 鹭, 草鷺, 草鹭, 草鹭(广布), 长脖老等
Chinese (Traditional): 紫鷺(purpurea群), 花窪子, 花窯馬, 草鷺, 長脖老等
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 紫鷺
Chinese (Taiwan): 紫鹭

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