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Sarus Crane

Antigone antigone (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Sarus Crane (Grus antigone) is a large non-migratory crane found in parts of the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia and Australia. The tallest of the flying birds, standing at a height of up to 1.8 m (5.9 ft), they are conspicuous and iconic species of open wetlands. The Sarus Crane is easily distinguished from other cranes in the region by the overall grey colour and the contrasting red head and upper neck. They forage on marshes and shallow wetlands for roots, tubers, insects, crustaceans and small vertebrate prey. Like other cranes, they form long-lasting pair-bonds and maintain territories within which they perform territorial and courtship displays that include loud trumpeting, leaps and dance-like movements. In India they are considered symbols of marital fidelity, believed to mate for life and pine the loss of their mates even to the point of starving to death. The main breeding season is during the rainy season, when the pair builds an enormous nest "island", a circular platform of reeds and grasses nearly two metres in diameter and high enough to stay above the shallow water surrounding it. Sarus Crane numbers have declined greatly in the last century and it has been estimated that the current population is a tenth or less (perhaps 2.5%) of the numbers that existed in the 1850s. The stronghold of the species is India, where it is traditionally revered and lives in agricultural lands in close proximity to humans. Elsewhere, the species has been extirpated in many parts of its former range. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Gruiformes
Family:
  Gruidae
Genus:
  Antigone

Scientific:
  Antigone antigone

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.142

Protonym:
  Ardea Antigone

Avibase ID:
  8D891DB7520688E0

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/8D891DB7

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176181


VULNERABLE

Geographic range:

  • Antigone antigone antigone: N India to Nepal and (formerly?) Bangladesh
  • Antigone antigone sharpii: Cambodia and s Laos; winters in Vietnam
  • Antigone antigone gillae: Spottily distributed coastal n Australia (mainly Queensland)
English:
Sarus Crane
Czech:
jeřáb Antigonin
German:
Saruskranich
Danish:
Sarustrane
Spanish:
Grulla Sarus
Finnish:
saruskurki
French:
Grue antigone
Icelandic:
Hettutrana
Italian:
Gru antigone
Japanese:
oozuru
Japanese:
オオヅル
Dutch:
Saruskraanvogel
Norwegian:
Sarustrane
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Sarustrane
Polish:
zuraw indyjski
Portuguese:
Grou-antígona
Russian:
Индийский журавль
Slovak:
žeriav sarus
Swedish:
sarustrana
Ukrainian:
Антігона, або журавель індійський
Chinese:
赤颈鹤


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Grue antigone ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Grue antigone ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Sarus Crane ( Antigone antigone) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Grus antigone [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Grus antigone [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Grus antigone [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Sarus Crane ( Grus antigone) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Grus antigone [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Grus antigone [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Bengali: দেশি সারস
Catalan: Grua sarus
Czech: jeøáb, Jeráb Antigonin, Jeřáb Antigonin
Danish: Sarustrane
German: Saruskranich
English: Eastern Sarus Crane, Sarus Crane
English (IOC): Sarus Crane
Spanish: Grulla de Cola Blanca, Grulla Sarus
Spanish (Spain): Grulla Sarus
Spanish (HBW): Sarus Crane
Estonian: saaruskurg
Finnish: Saruskurki
French: Grue antigone, Grue tropicale
Irish: Grús sárasach
Hebrew: עגור אנטיגוני
Hungarian: Antigoné-daru
Icelandic: Hettutrana
Italian: Gru Antigone
Japanese: ooduru, oozuru, ō-zuru
Japanese: オオヅル
Japanese (Kanji): 大鶴
Scientific: Antigone antigone, Ardea Antigone, Grus antigone, Grus antigone antigone
Lithuanian: Indinė gervė
Malay: Burung Keria, Burung Keria Timur
Dutch: Saruskraanvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk: Sarustrane
Norwegian: Sarustrane
Polish: zuraw indyjski, żuraw indyjski
Pinyin: chì-jǐng hè
Portuguese: Grou-antígona
Russian: Антигона, индийский журавль
Slovak: Žeriav sarus
Serbian: Sarus ždral
Swedish: Sarustrana
Thai: นกกระเรียน , นกกระเรียนไทย, นกกระเรียนพันธุ์ไทย, นกกะเรียน, นกกาเรียน, นกระเรียน
Thai (Transliteration): nók kaa-rian, nók kà-rian, nók krà-rian, nók krà-rian tʰay
Turkish: Sarus Turnası
Ukrainian: Антігона, або журавель індійський
Vietnamese: Chim Sếu cổ trụi, Chim Sếu đầu đỏ, Sếu cổ trụi, Sếu cổ trụi, Sếu đầu đỏ
Chinese: 赤颈鹤
Chinese (Traditional): 赤頸鶴

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