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Sao Tome Green-Pigeon

Treron sanctithomae (Gmelin, JF 1789)

The São Tomé green pigeon is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to the island of São Tomé in São Tomé and Príncipe. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. The species was described by Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1789. They have disappeared from Ilhéu das Rolas due to habitat loss. There are around 10,000 pigeons of this species today. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Columbiformes
Family:
  Columbidae
Genus:
   Treron
Scientific:
  Treron sanctithomae


Original description

Citation:
  (Gmelin, JF 1789)

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 13, vol. 1, part 2 1 pt2 p.778

Protonym:
  Columba S. Thomae

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2656273


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  8F575A0E37788BD4

Avibase ID:
  avibase-8F575A0E

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/8F575A0E


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 563512


ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Treron sanctithomae: São Tomé (extirpated on adjacent Ilha das Rôlas)
English:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon
Catalan:
Colom verdós de Sâo Tomé
Czech:
holub svatotomášský
Danish:
São Tomé-papegøjedue
German:
Sao-Tomé-Grüntaube
Spanish:
Vinago de Santo Tomé
Spanish (Spain):
Vinago de Santo Tomé
Finnish:
koukkunokkakyyhky
French:
Colombar de Sao Tomé
Croatian:
saotomska voćarica
Hungarian:
São Thomé-i zöldgalamb
Italian:
Piccione verde di São Tomé
Japanese (romaji):
santomeaobato
Japanese:
サントメアオバト
Lithuanian:
Santominis žaliasis karvelis
Dutch:
São-Tomépapegaaiduif
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Kroknebbgrøndue
Norwegian:
Kroknebbgrønndue
Polish:
treron papugodzioby
Portuguese:
Pombo-verde-de-são-tomé
Russian:
Сантомейский зелёный голубь
Slovak:
trerón sivý
Serbian:
Zeleni golub sa ostrva Sao Tome
Swedish:
sãotomégrönduva
Ukrainian:
Вінаго сан-томейський
Chinese:
圣多美绿鸠
Chinese (Traditional):
聖多美綠鳩


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 2]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 2]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6b (Jul 2022):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 2]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Colombar de Sao Tomé ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Colombar de Sao Tomé ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
São Thomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae)
Clements, version 2021:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Clements, version 2022:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Clements 3rd edition:
São Thomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
São Tomé Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
São Tomé Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
eBird version 2022:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Sao Thome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Sao Thome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
São Tomé Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Sao Tome Green-pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 2]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
S‹o Thom‚ Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Treron s. thomae
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Treron s. thomae
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Treron s. thomae
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Sao Tome Green-Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Sao Tome Green Pigeon ( Treron sanctithomae) [version 3]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Treron sanctithomae [version 3]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Treron sanctithomae [version 3]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Treron [calvus, pembaensis or sanctithomae] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Bengali: ঳াও হতামভয ঴চযয়ার
Bengali (transliteration): sā'ō tōmēra hariẏāla
Catalan: Colom verdós de Sâo Tomé
Czech: Holub svatotomášský
Danish: São Tomé-papegøjedue
German: Sao-Tomé Grüntaube, Sao-Tomé-Grüntaube, Sao-Tomm-Grüntaube, St.-Thomas-Grüntaube
English: S‹o Thom‚ Green-Pigeon, Sao Thome Green Pigeon, Sao Thomé green pigeon, São Thomé Green Pigeon, Sao Thome Green-Pigeon, Sao Tome Green Pigeon, Sao Tomé Green Pigeon, Sáo Tomé Green Pigeon, São Tomé Green Pigeon, Sao Tome Green-Pigeon, São Tomé Green-Pigeon
English, HBW: Sao Tome Green-pigeon
English (IOC): Sao Tome Green Pigeon
English (United States): Sao Tome Green-Pigeon
Esperanto: Sanktatomea verda kolombo
Spanish: Vinago de Santo Tomé
Spanish (Spain): Vinago de Santo Tomé
Spanish (HBW): Sao Tome Green-Pigeon
Estonian: são tomé viigituvi
Finnish: Koukkunokkakyyhky
French: Colombar de Sao Tomé, Pigeon vert de São Tomé
Croatian: saotomska voćarica
Hungarian: São Thomé-i zöldgalamb
Italian: Piccione verde di Sao Tomè, Piccione verde di São Tomé
Japanese (romaji): santomeaobato
Japanese: サントメアオバト
Scientific: Columba S. Thomae, Treron s. thomae, Treron sanctithomae
Lithuanian: Santominis žaliasis karvelis
Dutch: Sao Tomé-papegaaiduif, Sáo Tomé-papegaaiduif, Sao-Tomépapegaaiduif, São-Tomépapegaaiduif
Norwegian Nynorsk: Kroknebbgrøndue
Norwegian: Kroknebbgrønndue
Polish: treron papugodzioby
Portuguese: Pombo-verde-de-são-tomé
Portuguese (Portugal): pombo-verde-de-são-tomé
Russian: Сантомейский зелёный голубь, Сан-Томийский зелёный голубь, Саотомейский зеленый голубь
Slovak: trerón sivý
Serbian: Zeleni golub sa ostrva Sao Tome
Swedish: São Tomégrönduva, sãotomégrönduva
Turkish: Sao Tome yeşil güvercini
Ukrainian: Вінаго сан-томейський
Chinese: 圣多美绿鸠
Chinese (Traditional): 聖多美綠鳩

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