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Spotted Forktail

Enicurus maculatus Vigors, NA 1831

The spotted forktail is a species of bird in the family Muscicapidae. It is found in the Himalayas and the hills of Northeast India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and southern China including Yunnan. Birds of this species are 25 cm with a long tail. The sexes are alike, having a white forehead and a black crown and nape, a black back spotted white, and a broad white wing bar. The tail is deeply forked, graduated black and white. The white spotted back easily identifies this species from other similar sized forktail. Its call is a shrill, screechy KREE, mostly given in flight; it also makes some shrill, squeaky notes while perched. It breeds mostly at 1200–3600 m, and descends to about 600 m in winter. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, where it is found in boulder-strewn torrents, forest streams, and roadside canals. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Muscicapidae
Genus:
   Enicurus
Scientific:
  Enicurus maculatus


Original description

Citation:
  Vigors, NA 1831

Reference:
   Proc. Comm. Sci. Corres. Zool. Soc. London Part 1 no.1 p.9

Protonym:
  Enicurus maculatus

Link:
  https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/16559#page/23/mode/1up


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  94160C77A2A0DEE2

Avibase ID:
  avibase-94160C77

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/94160C77


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 559912

Geographic range:

  • Enicurus maculatus maculatus: Himalayas of n Afghanistan to Kashmir, Nepal and s Tibet
  • Enicurus maculatus guttatus: Himalayas of extreme e Nepal to sw China and Myanmar
  • Enicurus maculatus bacatus: Mts. of s China (se Yunnan and nw Fujian) to n Vietnam
  • Enicurus maculatus robinsoni: South Vietnam (Da Lat Plateau)
English:
Spotted Forktail
Catalan:
enicur ocel·lat
Czech:
drozdek skvrnitohřbetý
Danish:
Plettet Kløfthale
German:
Fleckenscherenschwanz
Spanish:
Torrentero Moteado
Spanish (Spain):
Torrentero Moteado
Finnish:
pitsihaarapyrstö
French:
Énicure tacheté
Croatian:
pjegava rašljorepka
Hungarian:
foltos villásrigó
Italian:
Codaforcuta macchiato
Japanese (romaji):
seboshienbishikichou
Japanese:
セボシエンビシキチョウ
Lithuanian:
Dėmėtasis šakotuodegis strazdas
Dutch:
Gevlekte Vorkstaart
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Flekkløftstjert
Norwegian:
Flekkløftstjert
Polish:
widłogon plamisty
Portuguese:
Torrenteiro-malhado
Russian:
Пятнистая вилохвостка
Slovak:
vidličiarka bodkovaná
Serbian:
Pegava rašljorepka
Swedish:
fläckig klyvstjärt
Ukrainian:
Вилохвістка плямиста
Chinese:
斑背燕尾
Chinese (Traditional):
斑背燕尾


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Énicure tacheté ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Énicure tacheté ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Enicurus maculatus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Enicurus maculatus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Enicurus maculatus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Spotted Forktail ( Enicurus maculatus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Enicurus maculatus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Enicurus maculatus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Belarusian: Плямістая вілахвостка
Catalan: enicur ocel·lat, Enicur oceŀlat
Czech: drozdek skvrnitohřbetý, Drozdencík skvrnitý, modráček skvrnitohřbetý
Welsh: Robin gynffonfforchog bryth
Danish: Plettet Kløfthale, Plettet vipstjertdrossel
German: Fleckenscherenschwanz, Flecken-Scherenschwanz
English: Spotted Forktail
English, HBW: Spotted Forktail
English (IOC): Spotted Forktail
English (United States): Spotted Forktail
Esperanto: Makula forkovostulo, Makula forkvostulo
Spanish: Enicurino Moteado, Torrentero Moteado
Spanish (Spain): Torrentero Moteado
Spanish (HBW): Spotted Forktail
Estonian: tähnik-käärsaba
Finnish: Pitsihaarapyrstö
French: Enicure tacheté, Énicure tacheté
Galician: Enicuro pegarado
Croatian: pjegava rašljorepka
Hungarian: foltos villásrigó
Italian: Codaforcuta macchiato, Codaforcuta maculato
Japanese (romaji): se-boshi enbi shiki-cho, seboshiembishikichou, seboshienbishikichou
Japanese: セボシエンビシキチョウ
Japanese (Kanji): 背星燕尾四季鳥
Scientific: Enicurus maculatus, Enicurus maculatus maculatus
Lithuanian: Dėmėtasis šakotuodegis strazdas
Latvian: punktainā dakšaste
Nepali: थोप्ले खोलेधोबिनी
Dutch: Gevlekte Vorkstaart
Norwegian Nynorsk: Flekkløftstjert
Norwegian: Flekkløftstjert
Polish: widlogon plamisty, widłogon plamisty
Pinyin: bān-bèi yàn-wěi
Portuguese: Torrenteiro-malhado
Portuguese (Portugal): torrenteiro-malhado
Russian: Пятнистая вилохвостка, Пятнистый пегий дрозд
Slovak: vidličiarka bodkovaná
Serbian: Pegava rašljorepka
Swedish: Fläckig klyvstjärt
Turkish: Benekli çatalkuyruk
Ukrainian: Вилохвістка плямиста
Vietnamese: Chích chòe nước đốm trắng, Chim Chích chòe nước đốm trắng, Chim Chích chòe nước lưng đốm
Chinese: 斑背燕尾
Chinese (Traditional): 斑背燕尾

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