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Common Starling

Sturnus vulgaris Linnaeus, 1758

The Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris), also known as the European Starling or in the British Isles just the Starling, is a medium-sized passerine bird in the starling family Sturnidae. It is about 20 cm (8 in) long and has glossy black plumage, which is speckled with white at some times of year. The legs are pink and the bill is black in winter and yellow in summer; young birds have browner plumage than the adults. It is a noisy bird, especially in communal roosts and other gregarious situations, with an unmusical but varied song. Its gift for mimicry has been noted in literature including the Mabinogion and the works of Pliny the Elder and William Shakespeare. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Sturnidae
Genus:
  Sturnus

Scientific:
  Sturnus vulgaris

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.167

Protonym:
  Sturnus vulgaris

Avibase ID:
  94A4403295E2D9BE

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/94A44032

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 179637

Geographic range:

  • Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris: Canary Is. and Iceland to Ural Mts., n Ukraine and se Europe
  • Sturnus vulgaris faroensis: Faeroes
  • Sturnus vulgaris zetlandicus: Shetland Islands
  • Sturnus vulgaris granti: Azores
  • Sturnus vulgaris poltaratskyi: E Ural Mountains to Lake Baikal, Kazakhstan and w Mongolia
  • Sturnus vulgaris tauricus: E and s Ukraine, Crimea and Asia Minor
  • Sturnus vulgaris purpurascens: W Transcaucasia to Georgia and Armenia
  • Sturnus vulgaris caucasicus: Volga Delta and n Caucasus to Caspian Sea and s Iran
  • Sturnus vulgaris humii: W Himalayas (Kashmir to Garhwal)
  • Sturnus vulgaris nobilior: Afghanistan, Transcaspia and Khorasan
  • Sturnus vulgaris porphyronotus: S Dzungaria and Tien Shan Mts. to Pamir Mts. and Samarkand
  • Sturnus vulgaris minor: Locally in w Pakistan (Sind)
  • Show more...
English:
Common Starling
Czech:
špaček obecný
German:
Star
Danish:
Stær
Spanish:
Estornino Pinto
Finnish:
kottarainen
French:
Étourneau sansonnet
Icelandic:
Stari
Italian:
Storno
Japanese:
hoshimukudori
Japanese:
ホシムクドリ
Dutch:
Spreeuw
Norwegian:
Stær
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Stare
Polish:
szpak
Portuguese:
Estorninho-malhado
Russian:
Обыкновенный скворец
Slovak:
škorec obyčajný
Swedish:
stare
Ukrainian:
Шпак звичайний
Chinese:
紫翅椋鸟


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Étourneau sansonnet ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Étourneau sansonnet ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Sturnus vulgaris [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Sturnus vulgaris [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Sturnus vulgaris [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Common Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
European Starling ( Sturnus vulgaris) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Sturnus vulgaris [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Sturnus vulgaris [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Europese Spreeu
Arabic: الزرزور, الزرزور سمن سلو, سمن سلو
Asturian: Estornín Pintu
Azerbaijani: Adi sığırçın
Belarusian: špak, Звычайны шпак, шпак, Шпак звычайны
Bulgarian: skorec, Обикновен скорец, скорец
Bengali: পাতি কাঠশালিক
Breton: An dred, dred
Catalan: estornell, estornell comú, Estornell vulgar, Oriol
Catalan (Balears): Estornell
Valencian: Oriol
Montenegrin: čvorak
Czech: špaček, Špacek obecný, Špaček obecný, špaèek obecný
Chuvash: Шăнкăрч
Welsh: Aderyn y ddrycin, Aderyn yr eira, Dreydwen, Drudw, drudwen, Drudwy, Drwdw, Drydwy, Sgrech
Danish: Stær
German: Gemeiner Star, Star
Greek: (Ευρωπαϊκό) Ψαρόνι, [psaroni], psaroni, Λαζούρι , Ψαρόνι
Greek (Cypriot): Λαζούρι
Emiliano-romagnolo: Arghebul
English: Common Starling, English Starling, Eurasian Starling, European Starling, Northern Starling, Purple-winged starling, Starling
English (Australia): Common Starling
English (United Kingdom): Common Starling
English (India): European Starling (Common Starling)
English (IOC): Common Starling
English (UAE): Common Starling
Esperanto: sturno
Spanish: Cuervo, Estornino, Estornino común, Estornino Europeo, Estornino Pinto
Spanish (Argentine): Estornino común, Estornino pinto
Spanish (Cuba): Estornino
Spanish (Spain): Estornino Pinto
Spanish (HBW): Estornino pinto
Spanish (Mexico): Estornino Europeo, estornino pinto
Spanish (Panama): Estornino Europeo
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Estornino Pinto
Spanish (Uruguay): Estornino, Estornino Europeo
Estonian: Kuldnokk
Basque: Araba zozo pikarta, arabazozo, Arabazozo pikart, Estornell vulgar
Persian: سار معمولی
Finnish: Kottarainen
Faroese: stari
French: étourneau, Etourneau sansonnet, Étourneau sansonnet
Friulian: sturnel
Frisian: protter
Irish: druid, estorniño
Gaelic: Druid, Truid
Galician: Estornell vulgar , Estorniño pinto, Ouriolo
Guarani: Guyrajuhũ
Manx: Truitlag, trutlag
Hebrew: זרזיר, זרז-יר, זרזיר מצוי, זרז-יר מצוי
Croatian: Cvorak, Čvorak, Šareni čvorak
Hungarian: Seregély
Armenian: [Sovorakan Saryak ], Սովորական սայրակ, Սովորական Սարյակ
Icelandic: Stari
Italian: Galbéder, Storno, Storno comune, Storno europeo
Brescian: Galbéder
Japanese: Hoshi muku-dori, hoshimukudori, Hoshi-Mukudori
Japanese: ホシムクドリ
Japanese (Kanji): 星椋鳥
Georgian: მოლაღური, შოშია, შროშანი, ჩვეულებრივი შროშანი
Khakas: Парчых
Kazakh: Қараторғай, Мысықторғай, Сарғалдақ
Kazakh (Transliteration): qara-torğay
Korean: 흰점찌르레기
Korean (Transliteration): huin-jeom-, jjireuregi
Kashmiri: [Posh Nool]
Cornish: Tros, trosen
Scientific: Sturnus vulgaris, Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris
Ladino: storno
Luxembourgish: Spréiw
Lithuanian: Paprastasis varnenas, Paprastasis varnėnas, Šnekutis, Špokas, varnėnas
Latvian: Mačiņš, majas strazds, mājas strazds, Melnais strazds
Macedonian: skolovranec, Обичен сколовранец, сколовранец
Malayalam: കാളിക്കിളി
Mongolian: Хар тодол
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠲᠣᠯᠪᠣᠲᠣ ᠱᠠᠷᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Толбот шарига
Mongolian (Transliteration): khar todol, tolbot sharig
Moldavian: Graur
Maltese: sturnell
Dutch: Europeese Spreeuw, Spreeuw
Norwegian Nynorsk: Stare
Norwegian: Stær
Occitan: estornèl
Polish: szpak, szpak (zwyczajny), Szpak zwyczajny
Pinyin: ōu liáng-niǎo, ōuzhōu bā-gē, ōuzhōu liáng-niǎo, zǐ-chì liáng-niǎo
Portuguese: Estorinho-malhado, estorninho, estorninho malhado, Estorninho-malhado
Portuguese (Portugal): Estorninho-malhado
Romansh: sturnel
Romanian: graur
Russian: Obyknovenny Skvorets, skvorec, Обыкновенный скворец, Обыкновеный скворец, Серый скворец, скворец, Скворец обыкновенный
Sardinian: istrullu pintirinadu, istùrulu campinu, istůrulu campinu, puzone nieddu, sturru grandinau
Scots: druid, Truid
Sindhi: بٕ ډٮم ڃًي
Northern Sami: stárra
Slovak: Ékorec lesklý, Ékorec obyčajný, obyčajný lesklý, škorec, škorec lesklý, Škorec obyčajný
Slovenian: navadni škorec, škorec
Albanian: Cerloi i zi pikalosh, gargulli
Serbian: Cvorak, čvorak, cvorak (brljak), obicni cvorak, obični čvorak, Обични чворак, чворак
Sotho, Southern: Leholi
Swedish: Stare
Tamil: [Manja kili]
Thai: นกกิ้งโครงพันธุ์ยุโรป
Thai (Transliteration): nók kîŋ-kʰrooŋ pʰan yú-rôop
Turkmen: sığyrcık
Turkish: Sığırcık, Sışırcık, syğyrcyk, Қараторғай
Tuvinian: Кара-баарзык
Ukrainian: špak, Звичайний шпак, шпак, Шпак звичайний
Vietnamese: Chim Sáo đá, Chim Sáo đá xanh, Sáo đá, Sáo đá xanh
Sorbian, Lower: škorc
Sorbian, Upper: škórc
Chinese: [Ou liang-niao], [Ouzhou ba-ga], [Ouzhou liang-niao], [zi-chi liang-niao], 欧椋鸟, 欧洲八哥, 歐洲椋鳥, 紫翅椋鳥, 紫翅椋鸟
Chinese (Traditional): 歐椋鳥, 歐洲八哥, 歐洲椋鳥, 歐洲椋鳥〔紫翅椋鳥〕, 紫翅椋鳥
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 歐洲椋鳥
Chinese (Taiwan): [Ouzhou liang-niao], 欧洲椋鸟, 歐洲椋鳥

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