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Sao Tome Kingfisher

Corythornis thomensis Salvadori, 1902

The São Tomé kingfisher is a bird in the family Alcedinidae. It is endemic to São Tomé, an island off the west coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea and was first described by the Italian ornithologist Tommaso Salvadori in 1902 under the binomial name Corythornis thomensis. A molecular phylogenetic study published in 2008 showed that the São Tomé kingfisher is a subspecies of the malachite kingfisher. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Coraciiformes
Family:
  Alcedinidae
Genus:
   Corythornis
Scientific:
  Corythornis thomensis


Original description

Citation:
  Salvadori, 1902

Reference:
  Ibis p.568 pl.13

Protonym:
  Corythornis thomensis

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35771583


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  95031C6970E2B382

Avibase ID:
  avibase-95031C69

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/95031C69


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 692975

Geographic range:

  • Corythornis thomensis: São Tomé (Gulf of Guinea)
English:
Sao Tome Kingfisher
Catalan:
Blauet de l'illa São Tomé
Danish:
São Tomé-isfugl
German:
Sao-Tomé-Zwergfischer
Spanish:
Martín pescador de Santo Tomé
French:
Martin-pêcheur de Sao Tomé
Italian:
Martin pescatore di Sao Tomè
Japanese (romaji):
santomekanmurikawasemi
Ukrainian:
Рибалочка сан-томейський


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
São Tomé Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
São Tomé Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
São Tomé Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
São Tomé Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
São Tomé Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
São Tomé Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Martin-pêcheur de Sao Tomé ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 2]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 2]
Clements 6th edition:
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 2]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Malachite Kingfisher (Sao Tome) ( Corythornis cristatus thomensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Malachite Kingfisher (Sao Tome) ( Corythornis cristatus thomensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Malachite Kingfisher (Sao Tome) ( Corythornis cristatus thomensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Malachite Kingfisher (Sao Tome) ( Corythornis cristatus thomensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Malachite Kingfisher (Sao Tome) ( Corythornis cristatus thomensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Malachite Kingfisher (Sao Tome) ( Corythornis cristatus thomensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Malachite Kingfisher (Sao Tome) ( Corythornis cristatus thomensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Malachite Kingfisher (Sao Tome) ( Corythornis cristatus thomensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Malachite Kingfisher (Sao Tome) ( Corythornis cristatus thomensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Malachite Kingfisher (Sao Tome) ( Corythornis cristatus thomensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 5]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 5]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 5]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 5]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 5]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 5]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 5]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 5]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 5]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 5]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 3]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Sao Thomé Kingfisher ( Corythornis thomensis) [version 2]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 6]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 6]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Sao Tome Kingfisher ( Alcedo thomensis) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Corythornis cristatus thomensis [version 3]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Alcedo cristata thomensis [version 4]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Corythornis thomensis [version 3]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Corythornis [cristatus or thomensis] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4  5  6 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Kuifkopvisvanger (Sao Tome)
Catalan: Blauet de l'illa São Tomé
Czech: ledňáček modropláštíkový (ssp. thomensis), ledňáček svatotomášský
Danish: São Tomé-isfugl
German: Haubenzwergfischer (thomensis), Sao-Tomé-Zwergfischer
English: Malachite Kingfisher (Sao Tome), S‹o Thom‚ Kingfisher, Sao Thome Kingfisher, Sao Thomé Kingfisher, Sao Tome Kingfisher, Sao Tomé Kingfisher, São Tomé Kingfisher, Sao Tome Malachite Kingfisher
English, HBW: Sao Tome Kingfisher
English (IOC): Malachite Kingfisher (Sao Tome)
English (United States): Malachite Kingfisher (Sao Tome)
Esperanto: Santomea alciono
Spanish: Martín Pescador de Santo Tomé, Martín Pescador Malaquita (thomensis)
Spanish (Spain): Martín Pescador Malaquita (thomensis)
Spanish (HBW): Malachite Kingfisher (Sao Tome)
Estonian: são tomé jäälind
French: Martin-pêcheur de Sao Tomé, Martin-pêcheur huppé (Sao Tomé), Martin-pêcheur huppé (thomensis)
Icelandic: Húfuþyrill (thomensis)
Italian: Martin pescatore di Sao Tomè
Japanese (romaji): kanmurikawasemi, kanmurikawasemi (thomensis), santomekanmurikawasemi
Japanese: カンムリカワセミ, カンムリカワセミ (thomensis), カンムリカワセミ(thomensis), サントメカンムリカワセミ
Scientific: Alcedo cristata thomensis, Alcedo thomensis, Corythornis cristata thomensis, Corythornis cristatus thomensis, Corythornis leucogaster thomensis, Corythornis thomensis
Dutch: Malachietijsvogel (thomensis), Sao Tome-IJsvogel, Sao Toméijsvogel, São-Tomé-ijsvogel
Norwegian: tiaraisfugl (thomensis)
Polish: zimorodek malachitowy (thomensis), zimorodek zatokowy
Portuguese (Portugal): guarda-rios-de-poupa (thomensis)
Russian: Малахитовый зимородок (thomensis)
Slovak: rybárik svätotomášsky, rybárik zálivový, rybárik zálivový (skup.)
Serbian: Malahitski vodomar (thomensis)
Swedish: malakitkungsfiskare (thomensis), São Tomékungsfiskare
Turkish: Tepeli Yalıçapkını (thomensis)
Ukrainian: Рибалочка сан-томейський

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